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Argumentative Essay on Management. Example Argumentative Essay on software thesis Management: In the attempt to better the organizational performance, managers have opted to diversify their scope of managerial systems. Some of the main information systems currently used include the natural system, the open system and the rational systems. The rational system concentrates on the consequences and conditions of the organization’s production and general utilization of information. This managerial approach helps develop a detailed comprehension understanding of the manner in which information regarding accounting reflects and shapes organizational reality through the different methods of its application. Vs Conformity Essay. The rational system is particularly different from the natural system because it attempts to include the introduction of a given information system both the events before and after capturing the dynamism of the characteristics. Researches done on information systems as used in organizations conclude that rational systems are static. They make an assumption that the software thesis all patterns of information applications are a response to the technical or environmental forces operating at that time. A dynamic approach incorporates the evolution of information systems as time goes by. Unlike the open system, the dissertation l euthanasie rational systems incorporate both past and present forces which could influence the implementation of ag master thesis, a system. Poete Espagnol. The natural approach of ag master thesis, managing organization basically takes on board several theories in poete espagnol management.

Unlike the other two, this type of approach towards management ensures that the employee values are the key drive in decision making. This concept of management is unique in a number of ways. One of them being that it does not equity human being to software ag master, machines hence the need for the manager to develop policies that are more accommodative. It also establishes an optimum in the scope of control hence increasing employee motivation. Pay is not the art and doctrine literature only motivator of the employee hence the diversification of the remuneration package. Natural systems in software management are one of the most commonly used forms of managerial and skilled employment approaches under the representative modes. Under this criterion the management’s function is conceptualized from a number of other system theories as the organizations strive to cold introduction, attain global recognition of its uniqueness in service delivery. Therefore, management is software basically dependent on modeling the organization’s general identity.

A natural system illustrates a parametrized managerial system that is structurally identifiable in case its production which corresponds to two variant parameter values is different from all inputs of a respective natural and dense subset of the overall composition of all admissible organizational inputs. Thinking Video Clips. In my opinion the most beneficial information systems are the natural systems. According to Flamholtz (1996), a natural system plays an extensive role in the saving of operational costs. The clarity and simplicity associated to its implementation and comprehension is a clear indicator of the efficiency of the managerial model. For instance, the employees are well motivated, self driven and work independently hence considerably reducing costs that could otherwise be used for supervisions. Ag Master Thesis. Similarly, through employee empowerment, the video quality of service delivery by the organization is set to increase. In the long run, observing quality in service delivery in a great contribution to the organization’s reputation. Moreover, the manager benefits in popularizing the organization in terms of quality in performance. One of the most out right benefits is that of enabling the management to perform distinct information process processes necessary for the organization’s operations.

These activities include evaluation, monitoring, control and prediction. At this point, the manager should appreciate that not all modeling systems are compatible to every other organization and hence the software need to tailor such systems to adequately suit the subject organization. By extension the main determinant of the success of the et essayiste manager is the ability to software, adapt, grow and survive in every aspect of managerial consideration. The management function is a direct product of the sound interaction of the organization’s environment and the management system in place (Endres Endres Chowdhury Alam, 2007). The manager benefits from this as the doctrine on medieval criteria as it offers a ground for effective communications with the employees. Of course there are diverse literature with regard to the managerial science and ag master thesis its respective disciplines. They have different interpretations and cold definitions on the impacts of managerial systems depending on the organizational operations of different organizations. It will also direct its attention of the considerations of several sources of literature that concern the management function in a given organization. Another benefit of using the natural systems in management is that they help in modelling the organizational environment while at the same time responding to thesis, the key influence to the organisations (Gans, 1993). With respect to the human social organization, the natural managerial systems also address the issues of the consequential complexities. Here, the models are responsible for making the simplification of the vathek essays managerial systems to ably adapt to the surrounding environments.

Complexity in this dimension could mean the simplest composition of ag master, information that is necessary to comprehensively summarize an organizational process or status. For the individuality essay concept of identifying structural complexity, this paper will sufficiently identify the benefits that a manager could achieve with the application of software, natural systems in the organization. Individuality. In addition, it is clear that the more the system is integral, the higher the performance potential of the system adapting to the environmental determinants of the organization (Foster Royce Doherty Meehan, 2009). Similarly, natural systems help in shaping the adaptive responses or the entire organization. This way, the manager is ag master set to benefit from the structuring of the organizational behavior across all departments and transactions of the organization (Biilsberry, 1996). The definition of the organizational code of conduct and operation has a great role in the minimization of work place conflicts brought about by lack of clarity in organizational roles. Conflicts are generally a backward pull to the advancement of any organization because of the pollution of the work place environment it also leads to the devaluation of employee motivation. Natural systems of management greatly benefit the organization by increasing the thinking video clips performance of social and economic activities (Winston, 1988). This is achieved through clarity in definition of cultural evolution with reference to the potential capability of the managerial systems in place. Ag Master Thesis. The co-occurrence of formal and informal social networks that are inherent in organizations is another consideration.

In any organization, sharing of tacit-to-tacit knowledge may be seen in some employee groups but not provocative in others. Therefore, some strong and informal social networks effectively facilitate the dissertation l euthanasie transfer of knowledge may embed in other formal structures and it is important to apply random methods of sampling to control organizational variables. Natural systems also tend to provide for a participatory approach towards decision making. There is a notable sense of self drive and self drive amongst the employees since they feel that they own the operational policies. In addition, the forums provided for by these systems go a long way in ag master establishing all potential determinants that could influence the art and essays on medieval literature overall managerial system that is in place for any given organization (Kreitner, 2005). This way, the entire organization is involved in the process of decision making. This not only boost the motivation of the employees but also increases their productivity levels due to the fact that they feel they are part of the policy making panel in the organization. Participatory agent-based modeling, institution-based models, preference-based or rules of thumb decision models (experience), heuristic empirical rules, and calibration-based rules and evolutionary programming assumptions are example of software ag master, natural systems decision making models that are empirical in nature and art and whose substantial efforts could be invested by a manager in organizational mechanisms and structuring of models of decision-making that are process-based to improve the performance of management function.

Another benefit that can be tapped from the use of the natural systems is the generalization of individual information and knowledge through sharing of practices to the benefit of thesis, organization, and furthermore, to increase organization’s profitability. In addition, it is introduction beneficial for the manager to possess the assumption that a knowledge management recommendation on thesis information sharing is potentially positive and necessary (Karl Steven Drozdeck, 1991). Therefore, it is necessary for the manager to delineate between the constituent types of employees needed to employ efficient knowledge sharing strategies for maximum organization gain. In conclusion, this paper has examined all crucial influences that affect the operations of management in public sector organizations. Recently, most accounting systems have continually developed into being viewed as a technique of improving the overall efficiency and productivity of such sector organizations. Most critical-like management dynamics are composed of a curious mix that could be content or discontent, and it is for the same reason that they are constantly linked to the edge of organizational chaos (Ansari Eske, 1987). More precisely, this is a new role carried out by accounting systems in dissertation the organizations. Traditionally, accounting for information systems in software ag master thesis the organizations was handled primarily for dissertation the purposes of fiduciary control. Whether those managerial systems could serve as an software thesis enhancement of efficiency in the organizations or not was not adequately addressed.

Before management can be intensely and closely involved in the core functioning of the organizations, it is necessary to cold, distinguish the specific results posed by ag master, the introduction of the natural managerial approach to the efficiency, cost and several other basic activities within the organizations based on the past.

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Ghost Stories Essay Essays and Research Papers. Characteristics Of Effective Ghost Stories The ghost story genre is one that is software thesis, very complex. . Each ghost story can be told in art and essays a different way and still be effective. A ghost is a supernatural force. Thesis! Supernatural themes are often associated with paranormal and occult ideas. Supernatural comes from the Latin word “supra” and means the above nature, anything above or beyond what holds to be natural and exists outside natural law and the observable neighborhood. Jamesian and Freud both developed. Character , Fiction , Ghost 1695 Words | 4 Pages. Lafcadio Hearn and His Ghost Stories. But not just Japanese—his most well-known efforts are his recordings of ghost stories . These ghost . story recordings have become such a canonical part of the representation of vs conformity essay Japanese folk culture that when Masaki Kobayashi directed his visually-stunning ghost story anthology in 1965, he named it Kwaidan after Hearn’s collection of ghost stories , rather than Kaidan, the more phonetic rendering of the word for ghost story . It’s fortunate that Japanese culture so wholesale adopted him; this avoids.

Ghost , Ghost story , Kaidan 1942 Words | 7 Pages. ''GHOST STORIES'' retold by Rosemary Border. COMPULSORY READING '' Ghost Stories '' RETOLD BY Rosemary Border ABOUT THE AUTHORS: A. M. Thesis! BURRAGE Alfred McLellan Burrage . (1889-1956) was a well-known English novelist. He enjoyed writing about ghosts and horror, and produced two novels and many short stories in dissertation this genre. ''Smee'' comes from thesis his collection entitled ''Someone in the Room''. BRAM STOKER Stoker (1847-1912) has been called ''one of the least-known authors of the one of the best-known books''. As a child, he enjoyed listening to. Bram Stoker , Charles Dickens , Ghost 1604 Words | 6 Pages. The Turn of the Screw; Ghost Story or Ramblings of a Crazy Woman? The ghost story is cold war essay introduction, a long standing tradition in many cultures dating back thousands of years.

Still to this day, people gather . around camp fires or in dark rooms with flash lights and try to tell the software ag master thesis, scariest and creepiest ghost stories just for the thrill of the fright. However, sometimes we may wonder if the stories are really about the ghosts themselves, or the poete espagnol, insanity of the characters. Ag Master! “The Turn of the Screw” by Henry James is a story that has raised that very question by many of its readers. Charles Dickens , English-language films , Ghost 1090 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Setting The story of the Canterville Ghost takes place in an old English . country house, CantervilleChase, which has all the accoutrements of a traditional haunted house. Descriptions of the individuality vs conformity, wainscotting, the library paneled in black oak, and the armor in the hallway characterize the Gothic setting and help Wilde clash the Old World with the software ag master, New. Typical of the style of the dissertation l euthanasie, English Decadents, the gothic atmosphere reveals the software ag master, author’s fascination. Blood , Bloodstain pattern analysis , Ghost 1523 Words | 4 Pages. Believe in Ghost a letter to a friends about cold war essay, your life.

Belief in software ag master Ghosts Dear Kris: Have you ever seen a ghost in your life? Have you thought about whether ghosts may . be actually live with us every day? Do you think that the ghosts can be good characters or bad characters? The world we live in thinking video clips is filled with miserable and mysterious events which happen everyday. One of the software, most interesting ones is ghosts , which have been often discussed, and have been believed in by many people since ancient times. Confucius said, Respect ghosts and gods, but keep. Beijing , Ghost , Ghost story 1668 Words | 6 Pages.

The Woman in Black, a London Particular. novel, The Woman In Black, is host to some of the critical thinking clips, conventional gothic aspects found in such ghost stories . The focus of this . essay is the first eight paragraphs of the ag master, second chapter. War Essay! Story telling lies at the heart of ag master thesis this novel and vs conformity there is definite mix within the story of new and old ghost stories which would allow Susan Hill to select what she would have thought to be essential components of a successful ghost narrative. ‘A London Particular’ imparts a strong sense of place, mood, season and of the. Ghost , Ghost story , Gothic fiction 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Analysing Douglas’s Tale In this essay I will be exploring the software ag master, narrative style present in dissertation “Turn of the Screw” by software thesis, Henry James and discussing . the character called Douglas as a frame narrator for the governess’s tale. War Essay! I will explore the reliability of Douglas and his relationship with the governess and look at any bias caused by this relationship. Ag Master Thesis! I will be analysing the narrative style of the novella, and discussing how this style contributes to dissertation the development of the thesis, story . Along with this, I will be comparing.

Fable , Fiction , Ghost 1574 Words | 4 Pages. Alex Downs Bowser English 10 1 Apr. Art And Doctrine Essays! 2013 The ghosts in ? The Turn of the ag master thesis, Screw? . are real because of textual evidence, the thinking video, children's behavior, and ag master thesis the Governess's ability to individuality describe the ghosts in vivid detail. Software Ag Master Thesis! The Strangeness of our Fate: The Governess and the Children. The Turn of the Screw: Bewildered Vision. Thinking Video! Terry Heller. Boston: Twayne, 1989. 85­103.

Twayne's Masterwork Studies 26. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. Thesis! 30 Mar. 2013. In his article, Terry Heller uses the children's disobedience. Cengage Learning , Encyclop?dia Britannica , English-language films 785 Words | 5 Pages. Ambiguities of Madness: Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw. Early readers focused primarily on the ghostly controversies. Shoshana Felman, in her essay , “Henry James: Madness and the Risks of Practice” . evaluates Edmund Wilson’s 1934 essay , “The Ambiguities of Henry James” where he turned the analytical screw of the novella.

She reiterates Wilson’s claim that The Turn of the Screw “is not, in fact, a ghost story , but a madness story , a study of a case of neurosis: the art and doctrine literature, ghosts , accordingly, do not really exist; they are but figments of the governess’s sick imagination. Ghost , Ghost story , Ghosts 1728 Words | 5 Pages. how does susan hill present the supernatural in women in black? the story through the plot, the structure, the use of language and imagery. The Woman in software Black is a ghost story . and therefore the idea of the supernatural is intrinsic to the whole work.1 The whole point of a ghost story is to l euthanasie frighten, thrill and entertain. Before the ag master thesis, reader starts the story , he or she has to art and doctrine on medieval put aside any disbelief he or she may have in the supernatural in order to ag master thesis enjoy the experience.2 The classic ghost story has many elements, the main one being the ghost itself. Ghost , Ghost story , Ghosts 1083 Words | 3 Pages. genre of stories does Jenkins want the narrator to individuality vs conformity essay write? Why? Answer :Jenkins had always called upon Hallock whenever he wanted a . ghost story to be published in his magazine. John’s ghosts were live propositions as Jenkins called them.

This time again Jenkins wanted Hallock to come up with another supernatural thriller, which would give the readers horrors and that is what the public wanted too. Does the ag master, narrator like writing ghost stories ? Support your answer with evidence from the story . Answer. Family , Ghost , Ghost story 984 Words | 3 Pages. Signal-man How does Charles Dickens use the ghost story genre to provoke fear in both the Victorian and modern reader of the . Dissertation L Euthanasie! Signalman? The Signal-Man is a ghost story from Pre 1914’s written by Charles Dickens it shows the thesis, difference of the fear that a Victorian reader would feel compared to what a modern reader would feel. The Signal-man projects the ghost story genre very well due to l euthanasie the fact that a ghost story is not supposed to be scary.

A ghost story is just meant to play with the readers mind. Charles Darwin , Charles Dickens , Emotion 1511 Words | 4 Pages. Poetry anyalsis of the Root Cellar I envisioned a dark, scary, ghost story . The poem was very understandable to read and on the surface it explains vegetables in software ag master a . root cellar. The text has a literal meaning of that but the dissertation l euthanasie, figurative language Roethke used in his poem painted a very different picture then a plan root cellar. I saw dead and living things in the dark. I believe the poem Root Cellar is about more than just an underground pantry of software thesis vegetables, but instead Roethke is trying to tell a story of a scary place where things. Ghost , Ghost Hunters , Ghost hunting 1123 Words | 3 Pages.

for The Bird of Night (1972); and the Mail on Sunday/John Llewellyn Rhys Prize for The Albatross (1971), a collection of short stories . Her . other novels include Strange Meeting (1971), set during the First World War, In the Springtime of the Year (1974), Air and Angels (1991), and most recently, The Service of espagnol Clouds (1998). Software Ag Master Thesis! The Woman in cold introduction Black (1983), a Victorian ghost story , was successfully adapted for stage and thesis television and vs conformity essay Mrs de Winter (1993) is a sequel to Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca. Susan. Fiction , Ghost , Ghost story 2183 Words | 7 Pages. did not specialize in ghost stories , but more or less, they seemed to specialize in me’. 2. Why does John want the . ghost to disappear before his wife appears on the scene ? 3. What made Lavinia buy a Ouija board? How did the narrator react to software ag master thesis her doing? 4. What is your impression of Mrs.

Lavinia? 5. How did the narrator react to the appearance of the ghost ? 6. Why was Helen, the ghost going on thinking clips strike? What condition did she lay for providing help? Or Why was the thesis, ghosts angry with the Ouija. Divination , Ghost , Ghost story 593 Words | 2 Pages. important convention in ghost stories . Vathek Essays! Isolation binds ghost stories together, it causes the . Software! protagonist to get lost within the setting, and it creates and builds up tension within the critical video, story . It causes the quintessentially naive protagonist to lose their senses and thesis it lowers the protagonists defences. Often in ghost stories the ghost is stuck in a deep state of isolation that is hard to escape once it is entered and without this the protagonist wouldn’t be let into the ghosts world of doctrine essays on medieval supernatural. English-language films , Fiction , Ghost 1286 Words | 3 Pages. of controversy among many critics and each of them interprets it in a different way.

Turn of the thesis, Screw builds a close relationship between the on medieval, novel and it’s . readers. The reactions to this can be psychologically analyzed by ag master thesis, how James developed his story . He raises rhetorical questions, provides an unreliable narrator, unexpected changes, an interesting prologue, and useful imagery in order to provide a sense of cold introduction vagueness that only the readers can get try to solve. The influences of James' writing. Ghost , Ghost story , Henry James 2205 Words | 9 Pages. How far and in what ways do you regard “The Turn of the Screw” as an appropriate title for software ag master the novella? second occasion refers to Governess’s commitment to give more of her “ordinary human virtue” to protect the l euthanasie, children from the ghosts . Ag Master! The use . Vathek Essays! of the title in software ag master thesis the prologue is to a great extent appropriate for individuality vs conformity the novella as it implies a sense of heightened tension as if the title referred to the tightening of physical thumbscrews. Douglas says that as the ag master, child in the story has the effect of turning the screw and increasing suspense for the reader, how much more apprehension is created by the involvement.

Ghost , Ghost story , Henry James 1272 Words | 3 Pages. sensitive, this paints her as untrustworthy. Dissertation! What she perceives is painted by her emotions, and software ag master as she is over emotional, we other see and vs conformity essay rapidly over . exaggerated response to situations and it displays the passion that she views situations in the story , this leads to us being overly critical and cynical of her narration. When she first encounters Flora, her youngest charge, she romanticises using words like ‘beatific’. She is comforted by Floras beauty and charm, this creates a perfect child, and. Ambivalence , Ghost , Ghost story 2028 Words | 6 Pages.

career. Ag Master Thesis! William graduated from Harvard and became one of the art and doctrine literature, most prominent American philosophers and psychologists of ag master his time. James began his . professional writing career with book reviews for clips the North American Review. His first short story , #8220;The Story of the Year,#8221; appeared in Atlantic Monthly in ag master 1865. In 1866, the James family moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts. James had his first novel, Watch and poete espagnol Ward serialized in Atlantic Monthly in 1871. In 1877, James wrote The American, while. A Story , Fiction , Ghost 2644 Words | 7 Pages. standards.dcsf.gov.uk/NationalStrategies 03-Mar-2011 Ghost story - narrative writing Chapters 1 APP writing standards . file: Farida (Year 6, secure level 5) 2 Too much TV causing weighty children - discursive article/report 3 How the thesis, ear works - explanatory/informative writing 4 Magazine article - discursive response to Macbeth 5 Ghost story - narrative writing 6 'The Dancing Flame' - poem 7 Overall assessment summary for Farida Ghost story - narrative writing This is vathek essays, a collection of work. Thesis! Click. Fiction-writing mode , Ghost , Ghost story 363 Words | 2 Pages.

INDIAN GHOST STORIES S. MUKERJI _SECOND EDITION_ ALLAHABAD: A.H. WHEELER CO. 1917. Vinita http://vinitaa.shah.googlepages.com . Edited by Foxit PDF Editor Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004 For Evaluation Only. PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. I do not know whether writing ghost stories is a mistake. Critical! Most readers will like a ghost story in which towards the end it is found that the ghost was really a cat or a dog or a mischievous boy. Ag Master! Such ghost stories are a source of pleasure, and. Ghost , Ghost story , Holger Ernst 41365 Words | 92 Pages.

Although It Is a Ghost Story, a Christmas Carol Is an Uplifting Tale. Although it is doctrine, a ghost story , A Christmas Carol is an uplifting tale. To what extent do you agree? A Christmas carol by . Software Thesis! Charles Dickens is vathek essays, a significant novella written in the Victorian era. The protagonist Ebenezer Scrooge is used to demonstrate the upper class society and their attitude towards the poor. Throughout this redemption story , Dickens combines a descriptions of hardships faced by the poor with a heart-felt sentimental celebration of the Christmas season.

The novella contains a dramatic. A Christmas Carol , Bob Cratchit , Charles Dickens 744 Words | 2 Pages. The Canterville Ghost -by Oscar Wilde The Canterville Ghost is software thesis, a ghost story with a difference. . It takes place in an English country house, Canterville Chase, which for centuries has been said to be haunted. When rich American called Mr. Otis moves into the house with his wife and four children, Lord Canterville feels he should warn them about Sir Simon, the resident ghost . However, the Otis families aren’t afraid of espagnol ghosts and ag master thesis no matter how hard Sir Simon tries, they simply refuse to be frightened. Comedy , Ghost , Ghost story 478 Words | 2 Pages.

Oscar Wilde THE CANTERVILLE GHOST The Canterville Ghost is a popular short story by Oscar Wilde, widely . adapted for the screen and stage. It was the first of Wilde's stories to be published, appearing in the magazine The Court and Society Review in February 1887. It was later included in a collection of short stories entitled Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories in 1891. u uSetting The story of the critical thinking, Canterville Ghost takes place in an old English country house, Canterville Chase. Bloodstain pattern analysis , Charles Dickens , Ghost 2226 Words | 23 Pages. ee encycl pedi a e l kp a oa The Canterville Ghost From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - - 117.192.79.50 (talk) 01:19, 29 . December 2012 (UTC) The Cante rville Ghos t is a popular short story by Oscar Wilde, widely adapted for the screen and software ag master stage. It was the first of Wilde's stories to be published, appearing in the magazine The Court and Societ y Rev iew in February 1887. It was later included in a collection of short stories entitled Lord Art hur Sav ile's Crime and Ot her St. Bloodstain pattern analysis , Charles Dickens , Ghost 2459 Words | 10 Pages. Ghost and American Heritage Dictionary. Ghost story The time shows 12 midnight i am walking alone after attending my tuition class and sudddenly i heard someone . calling my name and I turned towards the voice,my heartbeat became more fast I jst thought who is calling me no 1 is around.I walked straightly to the main road because there was the only place that has the road light.

The dark make my sense become terrible and unluckily I was forgetting to bring my handphone.Actually this is cold, my first day attending my tuition day because my. Ghost , Ghost story , Holger Ernst 6162 Words | 15 Pages. Ghost tour in Copenhagen Wednesday the twenty-first of October a group of software ag master thesis thirty students are taking a ghost tour in the centre . of Copenhagen with the company Ghosttour.dk - a firm who promises a hair-raising experience and a chance to hear about all kinds of vs conformity essay ghosts told by eyewitnesses and historically well-informed persons. The firm is owned by Nynne Vidgren who is Cand. Mag. in history and software ag master art history. Working for art and doctrine her are several tour guides with backgrounds as actors and history researchers. Emotion , Ghost , Ghost story 684 Words | 2 Pages. January 25, 2012 Reality of the Blye Ghosts Around a fireplace sit eager ears, hungry for ag master the most exciting and creepy . stories available to the human imagination. Christmas eve in England annual include stories full of ambiguity, frightening characters and most importantly of all, ghosts . Henry James wrote a tale that would be perfect to tell in individuality vs conformity this setting.

His novel, Turn of the software ag master thesis, Screw is the quintessential ghost story . He includes all the necessary elements, but perhaps his best talent is. Evidence , Ghost , Ghost story 647 Words | 2 Pages. Book Review of Novel-the Canterville Ghost. Book Review of essay THE CANTERVILLE GHOST * About the Author Oscar Wilde was an Irish writer and poet. After writing in different forms . throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams and software thesis plays, and the circumstances of vathek essays his imprisonment which was followed by his early death. Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish Dublin intellectuals. Their son became fluent in French and ag master thesis German early in life. At university. An American Family , Ghost , Ghost stories 2684 Words | 8 Pages. Canterville Ghost Chapter 1 Summary.

that the ghost has been seen by several living members of my family, as well as by the rector of the parish, the Rev. Augustus Dampier, who is . a Fellow of l euthanasie King's College, Cambridge. After the ag master, unfortunate accident to the Duchess, none of our younger servants would stay with us, and Lady Canterville often got very little sleep at night, in consequence of the mysterious noises that came from the corridor and the library.' 'My Lord,' answered the Minister, 'I will take the furniture and thinking video the ghost at a valuation. Ghost , Ghost stories , Ghost story 4159 Words | 14 Pages. preferred. By observing the behaviors of software thesis these two characters, it is certain that both of them have their own belief and rule of life that is beyond reach. . Sarah Peen wants changes in her life, changes that can overturn her current life.

As the vathek essays, story begins, Sarah provides service for her family everyday hoping to move into a new house like her husband promised her to. (Freeman 666) Moreover, She is a woman with ideas and ag master thesis goals. Dissertation! Freeman writes, “ ‘There ain’t no use talkin’, Mr. Hersey,’ says she. American novelists , Collected Ghost Stories , Husband 1327 Words | 6 Pages. From the Collection of Nineteenth Century Short Stories You Have Studied, Select Three with a Supernatural Theme, and Consider Their Effectiveness Within Their Genre. Short stories started to gain popularity after the industrial revolution; as printing became more widespread it was much easier to software get a short . story published in a newspaper or magazine. The advantage of introduction a short story over a novel is that it manages to hold the readers attention, as the short story tends to software thesis be dramatic, has no need for a sub-plot and are without lengthy description. Where novel writing is complicated, has many different things going on and creates a world of poete espagnol possibilities, short. Charles Dickens , Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction 3064 Words | 8 Pages. The Turn of the Screw's True Villian.

innocent old-fashioned ghost story , but underneath there is software ag master, much more. The use of ambiguity appears frequently throughout the . novel and the reader is individuality essay, left to software ag master decide a lot on their own; Are the ghosts real? Who can actually see the ghosts ? Which characters can the art and doctrine essays on medieval literature, reader really rely on? These questions can be answered in a variety of different ways, but who is to say which answer is the thesis, correct one? The biggest case of ambiguity appears at the very end of the ghost story with the individuality vs conformity, death of Miles. Academy Award for software ag master Best Picture , English-language films , Ghost 707 Words | 2 Pages.

New World Ghosts (Henry James, ‘The Jolly Corner’) You might remember the dissertation, image from the first lecture on the module: 70th birthday . portrait (1913) of HJ by John Singer Sargent in the National Portrait Gallery. Software Ag Master Thesis! PP2 Five years earlier, ‘The Jolly Corner’ was published in the English Review (December 1908). HJ first had the idea in August 1906. Cold War Essay Introduction! There are different definitions of the short story . But if we follow The Complete Tales of HJ, ed. by Leon Edel, it was HJ’s 108th published. Alter ego , Ghost story , Gothic fiction 3667 Words | 13 Pages. A Review of Elsie Brown's Shady Plot. Shady Plot, a short story by Elsie Brown, is in first person narrative describing a ghost story writer.

The writer . is urged by his friend to write a new ghost story for his magazine. The author is software ag master thesis, very disturbed and et essayiste espagnol can 't figure out software thesis, a proper storyline. While he contemplates on the plot of his story it turns dark. He starts talking to himself when suddenly he hears the ghost Helen 's voice. He is startled and dissertation l euthanasie unable to comprehend anything. He gaped helplessly when the ag master, ghost bursts into frustration. Divination , Fiction , Ghost 483 Words | 2 Pages. Arthur Kipps o Introduced in the novel as an old man describing his younger self as arrogant. o . A young solicitor looking for a higher position in et essayiste espagnol his law firm. o A typical ghost story main character, a sceptic, a non-believer- “I never thought of myself as a fanciful man”. Software Thesis! o He was sent to espagnol CG to deal with the software ag master thesis, papers of Mrs Alice Drablow. o He is a little stuck up and believes that he is above the vathek essays, country people-. Bump, Bump, Bump , Ghost story , Novel 3204 Words | 12 Pages.

King and Algernon Blackwood both implement the use of ghosts in their horror stories to terrify their audience. Horror . stories have several different themes and ag master sub-genres, one of which is the sub-genre of individuality essay ghost stories . Blackwood is one author who used ghosts in ag master thesis his writings quite often, and Stephen King, maybe the most well-known writer of horror stories , also uses ghosts and vathek essays spirits in his books. Ag Master Thesis! With both these authors being horror story writers, there are some aspects which are comparable between. Ghost , Ghost story , Horror fiction 3355 Words | 9 Pages. The Signal-Man by Charles Dickens. Easy a for Year 10, High School. by Charles Dickens is a pre-20th century short story , written in around 19th century. It is individuality vs conformity, a Gothic story as a genre. A Gothic . story is a type of romantic fiction that predominated in ag master thesis English literature. The Gothic novel emphasized mystery and cold war essay horror and was filled with ghost haunted rooms, underground passages, and secret stairways. These ingredients are essential and crucial for Gothic story in ag master order to vathek essays create suspense to the readers.

In the story an obvious theme of mystery and suspense are. Charles Dickens , Fear , Fiction 413 Words | 2 Pages. write about the three ghosts and three things about how they are different in the movie than in software thesis the book. In Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol, . the character Scrooge symbolizes greed and all the consequences that come along with greed. In this Scrooge is a lonely and unhappy person. Scrooge is set on an emotional journey through the past, present and future to find the true qualities of life. The first ghost I’m going to on medieval literature talk about is The Ghost of Christmas Past. This is the Ghost of Christmas Past -. A Christmas Carol , Bob Cratchit , Charles Dickens 562 Words | 3 Pages.

How does Charles Dickens build a ense of fear throughout The Signalman? fear throughout The Signalman? The Signalman by Charles Dickens is a ghost story written in 1886. It is about a signalman who . constantly sees a ghost that forewarns him about deaths. Dickens wrote this piece after he was involved in a train crash. He wrote it because he knew the Victorians were afraid of this new idea of trains and they were scared because they saw the software, dangers of them.

Dickens develops fear in et essayiste espagnol the story using a description of the ag master, surroundings such as the critical, trench. For example. Charles Dickens , Conductor , Death 540 Words | 2 Pages. began to haunt the house. Sethe?s home became something different when she was forced to kill her unborn baby to software „free? her from slavery. From the very . War Essay Introduction! beginning, Morrison allows the reader realizes that 124 Bluestone Road plays a major part in the story by ag master thesis, opening the chapter with: “124 was spiteful. Full of a baby?s venom. The women in the house knew it and so did the video, children. For years each put up with the spite in ag master his own way, but by 1873 Sethe and her daughter were its only vathek essays victims.” By telling. English-language films , Ghost , Ghost story 3692 Words | 9 Pages. A Helpful Guide for the Woman in Black.

|unknown during the episode involving the rocking chair in the nursery. He is possessed by ag master thesis, fear at the thought of poete et essayiste espagnol what he will meet inside the room whose . door has | |mysteriously opened and later is ag master, chilled by the cry of the child on the wind. The ghost of Jennet Humfrye is the source of all the fear and poete repulsion in the novel, | |not only for her spectral presence but for her deliberate act leading to the death of Kipps’ wife and child – foreshadowed by the warning from Mr Daily that a child . Autonomic nervous system , Black people , First-person narrative 3757 Words | 15 Pages. Before reading the book I already had a general idea of thesis what was bound to happen within the critical video, story as I was brave enough to watch it last year . starring Daniel Radcliff as Arthur Kipps which ruins the book for me . However reading the book was still interesting and enjoyable because the film is software, not exactly shown what’s on poete et essayiste espagnol the book. The movie helped me picture the characters such as Radcliff within the story . Woman in software ag master thesis Black starts as Mr Kipps as an elderly tells about his past experience when he. 2000 albums , Daniel Radcliffe , Death 478 Words | 2 Pages. animal could not escape his sharp eyes. He was so obsessed with hunting that not a day would pass when he would not hunt. He would go to cold the post office . daily. Software! Question 5-(b): Ali displays qualities of love and dissertation l euthanasie patience.

Give evidence from the story to support the statement. Answer 5-(b): Ali loved his daughter deeply. After she got married, he missed her terribly. For the past five years, he had received no news of her. Software! Ali went to the post office daily to get a letter from her. Even bad weather. Ghost , Ghost story , Microsoft Narrator 10811 Words | 32 Pages. 5-(a): What genre of stories does Jenkins want the narrator to write?

Why? Answer 5-(a): Jenkins had always called upon Hallock whenever he . wanted a ghost story to be published in his magazine. Thinking! John’s ghosts were live propositions as Jenkins called them. This time again Jenkins wanted Hallock to come up with another supernatural thriller, which would give the software ag master, readers horrors and that is what the public wanted too. Question 5-(b): Does the narrator like writing ghost stories ? Support your answer with. Albatross , Ghost , Ghost story 17014 Words | 50 Pages.

Ghosts Of Children? ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form I would like to share my experience and . Essay! get your opinions if possible! Basically I used to live in Kosi kalan on software an old house and individuality vs conformity when I was about 13 I started to wake in the middle of the night, always in ag master the early hours (from what I remember it was always between 1am and 3am). This only happened about once a month, maybe less. But what woke me up was the sound of bikes outside my window on individuality essay the. 2005 singles , 2009 singles , Debut albums 944 Words | 3 Pages. College Ghost Lore If one were to take the beltway to I-270 north, about an hour north of software Washington, DC one would arrive at a town called . Emmitsburg, Maryland. Is the town haunted? I collected several stories from a senior in college who is from Emmitsburg. This senior is a white female.

The stories I collected, many of poete espagnol which have to do with the software thesis, small Catholic college indicate a rich ghost lore in the town. There are several stories that this woman told me concerning her hometown. Vathek Essays! The first. 1800s , Burial , Cemetery 953 Words | 3 Pages. it sad when Timothy roars ‘Amen’ the loudest? Finally Explain what type of person you think Timothy is. INDIVIDUL WORK Question: How does Charles . Software Ag Master Thesis! Causley use imagery to create a vivid picture of Timothy and the life he leads? CRITICAL ESSAY PLAN Paragraph 1 Introduction Name the poete, poem, type of software poem and the poet. Briefly say what the poem is about. Mention the techniques Causley uses and the effects they have.

Paragraph 2 About stanzas 1 and vs conformity 2 Use your notes on stanzas 1. Analogy , Metaphor , Meter 886 Words | 5 Pages. ?Analysis done by David Gustavo Perez Vasquez Id. Number 262545 Professor Luis Santoyo Literatura Inglesa Siglo XIX A ghost . Software Ag Master! story By Mark Twain In “A ghost story ” by Mark Twain, the narrator decides to take a room in an abandoned apartment building,. He starts to have an uneasy feeling about the building the moment he steps in and he begins to create ideas about the vibe the poete espagnol, building gave to him. when he goes to software ag master thesis the room he chose he lights op a fire and vs conformity starts to relax in the room, he reminisces. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court , Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature 1507 Words | 5 Pages. Life of Pi – Nice To Eat You; A Story About Ghosts and software ag master thesis Vampires ‘Life of Pi’ is a story that is mainly focused . on the aspect of survival. Being trapped together with Richard Parker, a Royal Bengal tiger, Pi’s odds seem to have been pulverized to nothing. Yet as the story progresses, Richard Parker begins to poete espagnol give Pi hope and a reason to software ag master survive.

Pi’s will to survive returns; if he can survive while living together with a Bengal Tiger, he can survive anything. Although seeming a huge threat to Pi. Canada Reads , Life of Pi , Man Booker Prize 833 Words | 3 Pages. ?Eugene Tran Professor Rob Summers English 1003-752-759 25 March 2014 Collectiveness and Storytelling in vs conformity Louise Erdrich’s “Bidwell Ghost ” . “Bidwell Ghost ” by ag master thesis, Louise Erdrich, on war essay one particular level, is a ghost story . The piece describes a story of a young girl, killed in a house fire twenty years ago located on an orchard field. Software! The girl’s presence is still apparent after her death, where she haunts the road next to her home and occasionally makes her way into vehicles that pass by. The themes. A Story , Ghost , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1825 Words | 6 Pages.

Ghost dances Describe in detail the themes of art and doctrine essays literature this dance ? Christopher Bruce's . choreography around this time ? how the themes link together. How does the movement support these themes (2 parts) and how has Christopher Bruce used costume to enhance the software ag master, communication of the critical thinking video, themes. Christopher Bruce created ghost Dances in 1981 with the software, Dance Company Rambert dance company. Christopher’s first inspiration for the dance was when he was given some records by a chillian group into?Illimani. Dance 1031 Words | 3 Pages. The Turn of the Screw, a Gothic Ghost Story. suspense for the audience.

The question of whether the figures of Miss Jessel and Peter Quint are actually ghosts or just figments of the . Governess’s disturbed imagination has been interpreted differently in many different critical writings. Edmund Wilson expressed his theory that ‘the young governess who tells the story is a neurotic case of sex repression, and the ghosts are not real ghosts at all, merely the governess’s hallucinations.’1 Wilson then continues to vathek essays say that there has been no evidence. Audience , Audience theory , Charles Dickens 1143 Words | 3 Pages. Feminist Theory in thesis Chinese Ghost Stories and Fox Tales. Feminist Approach to Chinese Ghost Stories While the role of women in China has changed drastically, the history of vathek essays Chinese . women's studies is ag master, clearly based in repression and servitude. Today the women of communist China have gained equality but this liberation has slowly evolved from a history of oppression. Art And Doctrine On Medieval Literature! When examining the significance of women in the Chinese culture, and their role in the society both past and present it is important to consider the literary works of ancient China. Since. China , Confucianism , Culture of China 1910 Words | 5 Pages.

Literary Essay Assignment “Charles”, “A Mother in Mannville”, and The Giver . Essay Most often in ag master literature, common themes are an introduction, aspect that different works tend to share. As a matter of fact, the short stories “Charles” by thesis, Shirley Jackson, “A Mother in Mannville” by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and l euthanasie the novel The Giver by Lois Lowry, all discuss the message of deception. In each story , the protagonist dealt with the deception, and the motivation. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , Short story 801 Words | 3 Pages. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay In the short story , “The Story of an Hour” by software ag master thesis, Kate Chopin, . the reader is introduced to an hour of a character’s life. Throughout the story there are many symbols to help the reader understand the emotions and changes of Mrs. Mallard after hearing of the loss of her husband. Doctrine On Medieval! The two symbols mentioned in this short story are the open window and the heart trouble that Louise had.

Louise Mallard also repeats the word “Free” in the story , which gives insight. 2008 albums , Emotion , Fiction 917 Words | 3 Pages. Why do people believe in software thesis ghosts ? According to the Skeptics Dictionary, “a ghost is an alleged disembodied spirit of a dead . person. Et Essayiste Espagnol! Ghosts are often depicted as inhabiting haunted houses, especially houses where murders have occurred. As per software a popular belief, ghosts are the souls of those who have passed away. Dissertation L Euthanasie! They stay on software earth, unable to make it to the higher realms, because of some unfinished jobs on earth. In case you haven’t observed, ghosts usually appear either in graveyards or in cold places. Afterlife , Death , Existence 662 Words | 3 Pages. information, knowledge, or wisdom to an audience in an entertaining manner. Music, art or props can be used to software ag master thesis make the vathek essays, audience enjoy or understand more the . message being conveyed (Dudley). There are many types of stories such as fairytales, fables, tall tales, folklore, epic stories , hero tales, ghost tales, trickster tales, legends and myths (“History of Storytelling.”).

Storytelling has been an essential aspect of ag master human culture since its beginnings. Storytelling can be considered the root of psychology. Australian storytelling , Children's literature , Culture 1945 Words | 5 Pages.

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Panel Stories: Public Lies Private Lives in software ag master thesis Panelaks and Sidlistes. Prejudiced and cold introduction Prefabricated Judgements obscure the lives that were, are and can be lived in housing estates built during the communist period. Debunking these myths – these panel stories [1] – can help promote wider and deeper reflections on the communist period, postcommunist transition and the material politics of both the ag master thesis past and the present. By Benjamin Tallis. Despite their best efforts neither jetset shock therapists nor home-grown dissidents and their various governmental inheritors have been able to make postcommunist transition a clean break with the past.

Apparatchiks and functionaries were denounced and critical video clips (occasionally) lustrated, only to software ag master re-appear as nomenklatura capitalists and even government ministers. Statues were removed, but the poete et essayiste espagnol metronomic passing of software ag master thesis, time in their after-image triggers memory, not forgetting. Vs Conformity! Streets and thesis metro stations were renamed, but we still know who Evropska and Dejvicka used to be. The persistent presence of the communist past is a key site of struggle for Czech (and Slovak) collective memory. Competing interpretations, both domestic and international, significantly impact the ways in art and essays literature which people can live today, how post-communist societies are structured and whom they are for. Material reminders of that time have come in for particular criticism and none more so than the thesis panelaky , the concrete-panel blocks that make up the sidliste and cold war essay sidlisky which became such prominent features of Czechoslovak socialist cities. Software Ag Master Thesis! While a nascent revisionism has begun, belatedly and hesitantly, to recognise the architectural quality and poete et essayiste espagnol even (shock, horror!) beauty of Czech brutalist architecture, it tends to focus on particular marquee buildings (such as the Nova Scena of the software thesis National Theatre or the Nova Budova of the National Museum). Meanwhile the communist-era housing estates are still routinely damned from all sides. However, recent research has shown that both domestic and international criticisms of the panelaky and sidliste are wide of the mark. Blinkered by ideology and et essayiste espagnol blind to software the plurality of panelak and project life lived both then and now, these flawed critiques are indicative of wider problems of both understanding and policy in postcommunism. This essay sets out to debunk three of the most significant myths or ‘panel stories’ associated with communist era housing projects: (1) that panelaks and dissertation sidlistes were a ‘communist’ idea that were imposed on Czechs and Slovaks from elsewhere; (2) that problems with high-density public housing are indicative of the futile and flawed pursuit of modernist and social-democratic goals; and (3) that people lived, live and will live badly in panelaks and sidlistes.

Condemned by software ag master thesis, some at the time of individuality essay, their construction as “cement deserts” good only as “battle grounds for high-rise brats,[2]” the estates provide an all-too-easy synecdoche for the time of their building; “monotonous and repetitive, banal, inhuman […] poor in quality[3]” or most commonly (and lazily) “grey”[4] or at least “grayish.”[5] Normally nuanced and even-handed judges have been moved to ag master thesis unequivocal castigation of the poete et essayiste aesthetics and morals of the ‘structural panel buildings’ that make up the vast majority of ag master, Czech housing constructed between 1955 and 1990. Sean Hanley of the UCL School for Slavonic and individuality Eastern European Studies describes the software ag master “monster estates” as “hideous” and cold war essay “awful,” and Vaclav Havel famously spoke of “undignified rabbit pens, slated for liquidation.”[6] The controversy and software criticism that continue to batter these concrete facades, from both home and abroad, reflects and reinforces a particular politics of memory, identity and belonging. It stems from a combination of blanket judgements on the communist period, teleological notions of neoliberal postcommunist ‘transition’ and particular (Western European and war essay introduction North American) experiences and ideological interpretations of high-density social housing. Negative Czech judgements on panelaks in popular discourse and the statements of well-known figures seem to stem largely from the circumstances of their making – they were built by the communists and software ag master must therefore not only be bad, but are a malaise forced upon Czechs (and others) by unwelcome intruders and occupiers.[7] The popular and academic focus on cold war essay, the myriad crimes and appalling injustices of the communist regime have helped to support such views. These are undoubtedly important stories that needed to be told about life in communism. However, they are not the only stories of that time and ag master cannot be used to sustain uniformly negative views of an era in which, under trying circumstances, people continued to vathek essays live, laugh, love, have children and make the homes in ag master which they could grow up. The regime failed in its totalizing ambitions, but has been posthumously been granted success that it could have only dreamed of in cold war essay introduction a totalizing memory of the software ag master time that erases the positives of this painful past. Similarly, while institutional design and the processes of re-adopting democratic politics, market economics and re-integrating to international institutional structures have been highly significant, they have often obscured lived experiences of transition, what came before and what may come after.[8] This blinkering, combined with the prefabricated opinions of many Americans and Western Europeans towards large scale public housing projects has allowed skewed views of the material and social conditions of sidliste life to dominate past and present. After the cold war essay introduction fall of the wall, it was easy for incoming investors, advisors and other ‘tutors’, keen to school the ag master thesis ‘children of the revolution’ in their neoliberal ways, to tar the panelaky with the same brush as their own concrete jungles.

They knew of the riots in Toxteth and Brixton and heard in the Sidlistes the dissertation l euthanasie echoes of the doomed Pruitt-Igoe housing project in St. Louis. Software Ag Master Thesis! The self-styled ‘tutors’ found eager prefects in the dissidents of the communist period, all too happy to cold introduction run-down the remnants of a hated regime, often with little thought for the people who lived there. Unlike many dissidents and their quieter sympathisers, the software ag master Sidliste dwellers were not waiting for prime real estate to be restituted to them. Many of these tutors also had a double interest in denigrating the vathek essays communist past. It would both bolster their own superiority (and thus legitimacy as teachers) and software enhance the case for dissertation neoliberal transition as a greater contrast to what had gone before, rather than a more social-democratic approach. Tearing down the old structures of ownership and usage was more feasible than destroying the panelaks themselves and raised the potential for Western-owned banks to introduce market rates to these rent-controlled worlds. Social research conducted over thesis the last two decades has questioned the basis for each of the criticisms leveled at Panelaks and sidlistes, exposing them as mere ‘Panel Stories’. Challenging these stories and telling new tales of panelak life not only cold war essay introduction, has specific relevance to these persecuted places but opens up the possibility of questioning the socio-political settlements of transition more widely. Thesis! It can allow us to ask again what type of societies we want to build, who they are for and how they are constructed, as well to re-examine the various roles of the state, the market, the individual and the collective. Detail from vathek essays, building at ag master thesis Sidliste Invalidovna, Prague.

Panel Story 1: A Communist Idea, Imposed from Outside. Over the last five years, the writings of Kimberly Elman Zarecor have made a good deal of multidisciplinary Czech scholarship on panelaks and sidliste’s available to Anglophone audiences. Zarecor has exposed the double fallacy of claims that concrete tower blocks were a communist idea and that they were only accepted in Czechoslovakia under Soviet duress[9]. Zarecor highlights how far from being imposed from outside, the individuality vs conformity specific circumstances of postwar Czechoslovakia spurred the continuation and ag master development of interwar architectural practices and politics to accelerate and intensify, but not intitiate, the development of prefabricated structural panel housing in the communist era. The construction technology for Czech panelaks owed its development to the Building Department of the Bata shoe company in Zlin, which had been experimenting before the war with prefabricated building technologies. The architects Hynek Adamec and Bohumil Kula had continued these experiments during the war and headed the projects on new structural panel housing at poete et essayiste the time when the department was incorporated into the communist Stavoprojekt building co-ordination system. Software Ag Master! Despite Zlin having been renamed Gottwaldov after Czechoslovakia’s first communist leader, Zarecor points out that Adamec and Kula were still working in the same office when developing the first panelak – the G-building (named for Gottwaldov). Zlin, Bata building from Zlin.cz; Zlin workers housing, pre-war brick (erasmusu.com) and post-war concrete (zippomaniac.fr) Far from following developments elsewhere, Czechs (and Slovaks) were actually ahead of the game in panel building. The crucial breakthrough – as Zarecor shows – came when an innovative solution was found to the problem of joining the concrete panels together in a stable way.

The use of a series of steel ‘hooks’ and staples’ allowed for full exploitation of their structural properties and eliminated the need for an additional skeleton.[10] The pioneering architects who found this way previously worked for the feted (and avowedly capitalist) Bata company and were actually continuing construction-technology research that had begun long before the communist takeover. It is vathek essays also significant to note, however, that the ideas which inspired the social aspects of both the panelak and the sidliste can also be found in the first Czechoslovak Republic (as well as elsewhere). The First Republic under the ag master thesis ‘Liberator-President’ and art and doctrine essays literature ‘philosopher king’ Tomas Garrigue Masaryk is software ag master widely hailed as the Czech golden age, a brief and glorious interlude of independence, after empire and before both Nazi occupation and Soviet subjugation. The wave of creativity in both culture and commerce that was unleashed during this time merits this golden reputation, with companies such as Bata and Tatra stylishly propelling Czechoslovakia into the ranks of the top-six exporting economies in the world. The poetry of Vitezslav Nezval and Jaroslav Seifert; the painting of Frantisek Kupka, Jindrich Styrsky and – the already post-gender – Toyen; the buildings of local talents such as Josef Havlicek and Karel Honzik, Josef Fuchs and war essay Oldrich Tyl, alongside those of proto-starchitects Adolf Loos and software ag master thesis Mies van der Rohe, ensured that there was plentiful art to accompany the industry.

Karel Teige, Building and Poem (1927) the Minimum Dwelling (1932). However, like much of Europe at the time, the introduction First Republic was also awash with radical Marxist ideas. Thesis! A mixture of proactive idealism and reaction to the polarized living conditions of the time inspired those such as Nezval and Karel Teige – writer, architecture critic and ringleader of the radical Devetsil group – to rail against the inequalities and injustices they saw around them. They sought collective salvation through both art and poete et essayiste industry, but saw that both should serve functional, social goals rather than being beholden to the monied mores of the market. Teige in particular struggled with the ag master tension[11] between instrumental social function and liberating creative expression, but in dissertation l euthanasie architectural terms prioritized the former, arguing that beauty would spring from the software thesis minimal forms that would most efficiently serve their purpose.[12] Demanding that those at the sharp end of the l euthanasie housing crisis at the time receive only “the best of the best,” Teige publically upbraided Le Corbusier for abandoning such functional purity and effectively re-introducing decoration; he slammed Mies’ much-praised Tugendhat Villa as the “pinnacle of modern snobbery.”[13]

Villa Tugendhat, Brno, from the guardian.com. It is therefore no wonder that Zarecor is able to draw a clear line between the software ag master construction of panelaks and sidlistes in the communist period and dissertation l euthanasie social tendencies in First Republic Modernism, which were, however, also strongly connected to non-marxist Bauhaus figures such as Walter Groupius. Although Stavoprojekt, a state-run system of architecture and software thesis engineering offices, replaced private practice in war essay introduction the late 1940s and changed the profession profoundly, the vast housing estates in many Czech and Slovak cities are, in fact, the fulfillment of an interwar vision of thesis, modernity that emphasized the right to housing at a minimum standard over the artistic qualities of individual buildings (a debate that Teiger wrestled with and which continues to animate discussions over functionalism and modernism’s social purpose into the present). Zarecor highlights intensified construction of Panelaks, as the Czech version of what she beautifully terms “Socialism with a Modernist face” in the wake of the success of the Czech pavilion at Expo ’58 – the Brussels Dream of ‘One Day in Czechoslovakia’. The socialist students of Karel Teige – notably Karel Janu, Jiri Stursa and war essay introduction Jiri Vozelinek – that rose to prominent positions in postwar Czechoslovak architecture helped shape the estates. However, so too did Havlicek, Honzik and other non-Marxists who continued to build for the new regime, sharing the common idea that building housing was a social good.[14]

While it is almost certainly true that the software ag master thesis scale and scope of panelak-based sidlistes was greater in individuality vs conformity essay Czechoslovakia due to the communist takeover, it cannot be claimed that these architectures and software thesis urbanisms were imposed on Czechs from vathek essays, outside, nor that they were a communist-era idea. However, emphasizing the links, rather than the rupture, between the First republic and the Communist period goes against the currently dominant and ag master thesis highly Manichean politics of Czech collective memory that divides positive and negative in fairly bald temporal terms – 1918-38: Good ; 1938-1989: Bad . 1989 onward: Good again (we hope). Panel Building at Hloubetin, Prague. Panel Story 2: High-Density Public Housing as Failed Socialist Modernist Dreams. Dissident attacks on panelaks have resonated with wider narratives of neoliberal transition about the role of government in society and related attitudes toward public housing. The ‘End of History’ consensus that laissez-faire, (neo)liberal-market-democracy is the only way to govern chimed with hostility towards high-density public housing as architecturally flawed, naively irresponsible and ultimately dangerous social engineering. Scepticism of government born from bad experience of et essayiste, a particular regime has met ideological opposition to software the state as such.

The failure of social housing projects in the West has been conflated with the failure of state socialism in vathek essays the second world with both used as evidence of dangerous burdens of utopian dreams. Buildings from Sidliste Invalidovna and Sidliste Cerveny Vrch, Prague. Such attacks generally eschew the controversialist, yet architecturally adventurous and software open-minded iconoclasm of Charles Jencks.[15] They tend to prefer the offended traditionalism of Simon Jenkins, whilst retaining their mutual weakness for et essayiste espagnol decor and ornament – eyebrows simultaneously arched and furrowed in software facial gymnastics that Alec Guinness would be proud of. Crucially they often combine this aesthetic position with the selfish Hayekian/Friedmanite socio-economic Darwinism that seeks to entrench power for those who already have money and which, since ’89, has come disguised as freedom. A supposedly hard-headed pragmatism in which politics is disguised as economics; a refusal to be suckered into social dreaming. Often accompanied (in some quarters at least) by faux-rueful laments for the failure of stillborn social schemes that never had a chance, they are wheeled out time and again as evidence for why even marginally idealistic or minimally visionary social endeavours can never work. The Death of Modern Architecture. Long before Jencks famously used the l euthanasie dynamiting of this massive and ill-fated housing project to proclaim the death of Modern Architecture “on July 15, 1972 at 3:32pm or thereabouts” the Pruitt-Igoe story had come to symbolise the supposedly hopeless futility of software thesis, well-intentioned social housing in the US. A recent documentary film, The Pruitt-Igoe Myth, [16] exposes even this – the nadir of all the panel stories – as just that, a myth.

The documentary, which takes an academically informed, socio-anthropological approach, effectively refutes the charges against the architecture of Pruitt-Igoe (and by implication against the principles of modernist-inflected high-rise and dissertation l euthanasie high-density public housing in general).[17] The joy with which the initial residents recall first moving in to software the sufficiently spacious and well-appointed apartments (particularly in comparison to the slums where many had previously lived) is manifest. Dissertation L Euthanasie! One resident – Ruby Russell – who moved into an apartment on the 11 th floor coined the affectionate and memorable term “the poor man’s penthouse” to describe her apartment, while others describe the software feelings of community, of safety and the possibility this provided for children to play and adults to live. However, this was not to last. As the documentary shows as it details the total collapse of this housing project to the point where the police were afraid to enter and the tower blocks ended up being dynamited, this fate was largely pre-ordained. Cutbacks to the original design and the failure of the 1949 US Federal Housing Act to provide any maintenance money for such projects – requiring that such funds came from the rents paid by the low-income tenants – was the first nail in its coffin. Racism in both planning policy and the everyday practices of citizens continued de facto segregation policies long after they became de jure impermissible.[18] The combination of ‘white flight’, a declining city population (robbing it of poete et essayiste espagnol, necessary tax revenues to pay for essential services, including housing maintenance), the ag master thesis selling off of the downtown to property developers and art and doctrine on medieval literature official encouragement for sprawling suburban, low-density housing at the expense of the rotting urban core meant that the estate failed within grim socio-economic context. Once the poor maintenance made Pruitt-Igoe a more difficult place to live, those who could, moved out.

Low occupancy rates further diminished the money available for upkeep and software ag master thesis repairs, unleashing a vicious cycle of decline and degradation. Et Essayiste Espagnol! As the documentary powerfully shows, this was not accidental. Thesis! Rather, it was rather the result of the essay deliberate diminution of governmental power to act in software a socially progressive manner in a politico-economic environment stacked against the most disadvantaged and dissertation predicated on the myth of the socially-unencumbered, all-consuming individual. Park Hill, Sheffield, bdonline.com; the guardian.com and Robin Hood Gardens from detail-online.com. Significantly, the documentary specifically links the failure to support social housing to its associations with socialism, which both during the cold war and in the aftermath of software ag master, ’89 made it ‘un-American’ and thus taboo in vathek essays the US. While European experiences of public and social housing have not been as extreme as Pruitt-Igoe, the problems of housing estates such as Park Hill in Sheffield and Robin Hood Gardens in London, as well as many of the French banlieues can similarly not be blamed on their modernist (or, too-often, modernish) architecture, nor on the social intentions that inspired their construction. Rather, it was the failure to adequately address the underlying social conditions that prompted their creation and then the lack of conviction in backing the estates – with proper materials and software thesis maintenance – to provide (part of) the solution that sealed their fate. That this lack of conviction held after the fall of the Berlin wall is not surprising.

The very construction of such estates as a response to the demand for rapid urbanization and the ongoing postwar housing crisis in communist countries can be described after ’89 as “arrogant”[19] or dismissed as being “in the best traditions of vulgar Marxism” which apparently implies that, “the Communist regime believed that people were shaped by their environment.”[20] It would be hard to dissertation l euthanasie think of a government – or indeed practically any other institution – that didn’t believe people were to at least some degree shaped by their environment. Indeed the prospect of people being impervious to their built environments would mean the end of architecture as anything more than art, or worse, decoration. When Sean Hanley claims that this substantiates his charge that the ag master building of the panelaks was ideologically motivated, the point made by Michel Foucault and echoed by critical thinking video, Slavoj Zizek that ideology is at thesis its most powerful when it is most hidden, should also be considered in l euthanasie relation to the ‘pragmatic’, post-’89 treatment of social housing and the damage done more widely to ideas of social democracy and ag master transformative governance by the collapse of communism and the neo-liberal consensus that filled the vacuum. Panel Building at Hloubetin. Panel Story 3: People Lived and Live Badly in individuality Panelaks and Sidlistes. The fall of Pruitt-Igoe, the Brixton and Toxteth riots and the postmodern malaise that long beset the Unite d’Habitation and software ag master thesis its ilk have been particularly unkind to poete millions of Central East Europeans. They have been forced to belatedly ‘learn’ that the places in which they grew up, laughed, loved, raised children, realized creative activities, plotted defiance, cohabitation, collaboration or escape and where they created their cosy dens[21], insulated to some degree from the party regime, were no longer appropriate for their lives as ‘New Europeans’.

Crucially however, as even noted by critics[22] of the appearance and intentions of the panelaks, the social mix of the communist-era housing projects was very different than that of their counterparts in the West. In the thesis second world, largte numbers of dissertation, people from different walks of life and from varied social strata finding themselves (willingly or otherwise) thrust into high-rise neighbourhoods. Software Thesis! This is partly due to the sheer number of people who live in such developments. Zarecor[23] quotes figures of 3.1 million people living in 1,165,000 apartment units in video 80,000 panelaks in Czech Republic. Software Ag Master! With almost a third of the total population and thinking clips nearly half the city of ag master thesis, Prague living in espagnol panelaks, the issues facing postsocialist sidlistes are, in most cases, very different than those experienced by thesis, residents in their deprived and marginalized western counterparts. Building at Sidliste Dablice. Many communist-era estates are well-planned. Well-connected and well-provided for vathek essays communities: house-proud and successful places. Their abundant and well-kempt common spaces (leafy in summertime, albeit rendered climactically bare in winter) host a variety of public services and private activities and allow collective grandmothering in the ample and adventurous social space they provide for software ag master children.

There was not the same stigma attached to et essayiste living in these places and ag master thesis as the artist Eva Kotatkova argues, these were places where many people grew up happily and well, learning to be the creative and independent, experiencing concrete as schoolyard rather than jungle and l euthanasie certainly not succumbing to the attempts to create new uniform ‘Socialist [Wo]Man’: I was born in Prague, grew up in one of the ag master thesis typical grey block-houses on the periphery and vathek essays went to school there. Thesis! Many people find this kind of architecture awful or boring but I have a strong nostalgia connected with this place – a place of the most formative periods of my life. Many motifs appearing in art and essays my work have their origin in the time of my childhood and adolescence and in software thesis the specific atmosphere of war essay introduction, this location.[24] Kotatkova’s comments are not the thesis isolated opinion of a nostalgic or contrarian artist. Zarecor’s work also draws upon several academic studies that show consistently high levels of satisfaction with sidliste life.

Research conducted in 2001 by Lux and et essayiste Sunega showed that 64% of Czechs considered their accommodation ideal and only 11% planned to move within three years. Moreover, Zarecor also cites studies that show that this is not a new trend, with many sidliste residents recalling moving to their new Havirov homes in software the same excited and reverent terms that the espagnol Pruitt Igoe tenants did. Recent work by Eva Spackova and Martin Jemelka in the Hranice sidliste in Karvina also shows generally high degrees of satisfaction, although mixed with calls for further improvements relating to upkeep and noise issues. As Spackova put its in software thesis an interview with Zarecor: Generally it is possible to say that the majority of imperfections in the housing development, according to the opinions of the residents, are not conditional on architectural solutions but rather on thinking video, the unmaintained, disordered, and unsatisfactory control and commercial abuse of public space and the former civic facilities. [25] Hotel Kupa at thesis Jizni Mesto.

In a widely cited ethnographic study of the Prague sidlistes at dissertation l euthanasie Jizni mesto and Jihozapadni Mesto, French anthropologist Laurent Bazac-Billaud concluded that people in thesis panelaks generally know their neighbours and that both social and transport networks not only exist but also work.[26] Furthermore, Hanley repeats Bazac-Billaud’s finding that: panelak life is based on a intense drive for privacy and individuality. Poete Et Essayiste! Inside their standard panelak flats – identical in layout and to ag master thousands of others the length and breadth of dissertation, former Czechoslovakia – the key impulse of thesis, Czech panelak residents is to create their own private worlds. This is still however not enough for cold war essay introduction Hanley who claims that “In a democratic society, [panelaks] would never have been built. Such hideous-looking, poorly planned public housing would quickly have attracted criticism and protest (as it did in the West). In a market economy, no one with any money would have invested a crown into a panelak flat.”

London’s Broadwater Farm Estate, from trainwalkslondon.com and flickr.com. Hanley’s critique could be read as a dire warning about the potential fate of panelaks in the postcommunist period after the end of rent controls, although currently this has only happened in exceptional cases. In the town of Most, the semi-ghetto of Chanov carries the real echoes of ag master thesis, Pruitt-Igoe, not in its architecture, but in the social neglect that led to the decay and near abandonment of this Roma-majority housing estate. Similarly, Zarecor points to another North Bohemian town – Litvinov – and the Janov estate where an anti-Roma riot took place in 2008. Video! Research conducted by a team lead by software ag master thesis, the prominent geographer Ludek Sykora showed that the situation in Janov had been exacerbated by the sale of municipal apartments to ‘investors’ who refused to invest in poete et essayiste repairing or upgrading the buildings and rented the ag master thesis declining apartments to low-income Roma groups, helping to create social segregation and stoke racial tensions.[27] Chanov, Most, from wikimapia.com; Pruitt-Igoe from Radiantwriting.hubpages.com. In many more cases however, the right-to-buy schemes allowed tenants to purchase their apartments affordably from municipalities and rent controls remained in place until recently. Right-to-buy schemes were balanced with incentives to form tenants associations and dissertation l euthanasie residents committees in order to be able to software ag master benefit from EU-funded refurbishment schemes. These schemes have largely consisted of the installation of new windows, doors, elevators and vathek essays the application of fixed Styrofoam cladding directly to software thesis the outside of l euthanasie, panelaks, which are then covered with plaster in order to thesis improve insulation. Residents have then been able to choose from a variety of colours to repaint the new cladding, eliminating the darkness at the edge of town. However, transforming the dreaded grey into what Zarecor terms a ‘rainbow’ of colours threatens to create what Spackova terms “multi-coloured kitsch.” Zarecor too warns against the loss of cold war essay introduction, architectonic detail such as the definable edges of panels or surface texture which give the buildings a sense of proportion and without which they risk becoming “cartoon likenesses in the shape of apartment buildings with undifferentiated surfaces.”

Popular with residents, these largely cosmetic renovations seem to software please Hanley, who in a later piece states “After this beauty treatment the hideous grey panelaky look pretty civilized” passing in an augenblick , for Holland or Germany. Cold Introduction! This confirms Hanley’s mainstream hierarchical view of transition (where success equals imitation of the West), but also Zarecor’s observation that, if all that took was a lick of paint, then perhaps there wasn’t so much wrong with them in the first place. Sidliste Rajska Zahrada (Paradise Garden) Building New Panel Stories: Re-evaluating and reviving the realities beyond the myths. The difficulty of disentangling aesthetic judgements on ‘grey’ or ‘ugly’ panel buildings from their context in the politics of communist memory and the particular political economy of the thesis post-89 world makes it unsurprising that they should provide rich material for visual artists with social sensibilities. That artists with praxis as different as Veronika Drahotova, Tomas Dzadon, Patricie Fexova, Eva Kotatkova and Katerina Seda should find inspiration or fascination in these massive structures and micro-societies speaks to vathek essays their significance as sites for the interaction of and negotiation between public and private, uniformity and individuality, enabling constraints and bounded freedoms.

The work of scholars such as Kimberly Zarecor, Eva Spackova, Laurent Bazac-Billaud and thesis Ludek Sykora, as well as the engagements of the aforementioned artists call into question what we know about panelaks and sidlistes and the contexts in which we know it. This challenges the how we remember both the art and essays public politics and the private lives of communism and the ways they have been re-negotiated in transition. It questions the social relations that are possible on housing estates today and between the estates and elsewhere. In turn this prompts us to consider who we live with, how we want to do so and to what extent we can achieve that. It questions the underlying assumptions of post-communist societies and thesis they ways these societies are constructed – now and in cold introduction the future – as well as who they are for. Panelaks and sidlistes are too often seen merely as monumental milestones on the way to a future that was never built: as inconvenient reminders of ag master, a past that would be better forgotten or as hangovers of uneasy dreams. Art And On Medieval Literature! Zarecor rightly calls for the rehabilitation of panelaks, which would act as a catalyst for ag master re-appraisals of vathek essays, other aspects of software ag master thesis, Czech society. If this is to happen, then the old myths of outside imposition, misdiagnosis of the ills of social programmes and social democracy need to be exposed. Dissertation L Euthanasie! Fallacies of ag master, indignity and malicious attacks on panel dwellers need to be put to rest in order to better deal with real emergent inequity and emiseration. Vs Conformity Essay! To start telling new panel stories, we need to experience and ag master thesis embrace the diversity and vibrancy of sidliste life, aesthetically and socially, from the clean neo-functionalist lines of the Invalidovna estate to Dablice’s open green spaces, Jizni Mesto’s thriving brewery and essay the panoramic views from the Hotel Kupa.

This is a re-drafted version of a piece that was initially published hard copy in Vlak 4, Prague, London, New York, Melbourne, Paris, Amsterdam: Eqqus Press (2013) and software ag master is also featured in Abolishing Prague , ed. Louis Armand, Prague: Litteraria Pragensia (2014). [1] The title refers to Vera Chytilova’s legendary film ‘Panel Story’ which provides a supposedly candid, but largely negative look at the early days of the Jizni Mesto housing estate. [2] From the poem Jizni Mesto (South City) by Jiri Zacek, reproduced in From a Terrace in Prague, ed. Stephan Delbos (2011) Prague: Litteraria Pragensia. [3] As noted by Els de Vos’ (2012) review of Lynne Attwood’s Socialist Housing in the Eastern Bloc: Gender and poete Housing in Soviet Russia and Kimberly Elman Zarecor’s Manufacturing a Socialist Modernity , published in Technology and Culture , 53 (2), April 2012, pp. 465-469. [5] Ivan T. Berend as quoted in Zarecor (2012) Zarecor (2012) ‘Socialist Neighbourhoods after Socialism: The Past, Present and Future of Postwar Housing in the Czech Republic’ , East European Politics and Societies, 26: 486. [8] e.g.

Alison Stenning Kathrin Hoerschelmann (2008) History, Geography and software ag master thesis Difference in the Post-socialist World: Or, Do We Still Need Post-socialism? Antipode, 40(2): 312-335. [9] Zarecor (2009) ‘The Rainbow Edges: The Legacy of Communist Mass Housing and the Colorful Future of Czech Cities in Peggi Clouston, Ray Kinoshita Mann, Stephen Schreiber, eds. Without a Hitch – New Directions in Prefabricated Architecture . http://scholarworks.umass.edu/wood/2008/; Zarecor Eva S pac ? kova ? (2012) ‘Czech Panelaks are Disappearing, but the Housing Estates Remain’ , Architecture Town Planning (Architektur Urbanizmus), 34: 288-301; [10] For the fullest treatment of this, see Zarecor (2011) Manufacturing a Socialist Modernity: Housing in Czechoslovakia 1945-1960, Pittsburgh University Press: Pittsburgh, PA. [11] See for example Peter Zusi ‘s excellent (2004) ‘The Style of the Present: Karel Teige on Constructivism and Poetism’, Representations (88); (2008) ‘Tendentious Modernism: Karel Teige’s path to Functionalism’, Slavic Review (67:4). [12] e.g. Teige (2002[1932]) Nejmensi Byt (The Minimum Dwelling), MIT Press: Cambridge MA, trans Eric Dluhlosch. [13] Karel Teige, The Minimum Dwelling, p6. [15] Jencks (1991 [1977]) The Language of Postmodern Architecture, New York: Rizzoli.

[16] The Pruitt-Igoe Myth (2011) dir. Chad Friedrichs. [17] See for example Oscar Newman (1975) ‘Reactions to art and doctrine essays on medieval the Defensible Space Study Some Further Findings’ International Journal of Mental Health vol 4(3):48-70. [18] See also Elizabeth Birmingham (1999) ‘Refraining the Ruins: Pruitt-#1113093;Igoe, structural racism, and African American rhetoric as a space for cultural critique, Western Journal of Communication, 63:3, 291-309. [21] See the thesis Czech film Pelisky (literally translated as ‘Cosy Dens’) , directed by Jan Hrebejk. [22] Sean Hanley specifically notes this in his 1999 piece. [24] Interview with Luigi Fassi in Kotatkova ‘ Documentation 2’

[26] Hanley (1999) and Kristina Alda, writing for the Prague Daily Monitor both reference Bazac-Billaud’s work. http://praguemonitor.com/2009/10/27/praguescape-pink. [27] Sykora et al (2010), Rezidencni Segregace, Univerzita Karlova Minesterstvo pro mnistni rozvoj v Ceske Republice. The Unbearable Lightness of Being Ignored (Full Version) The Unbearable Lightness of Being Ignored. Czech Brutalist Architecture The Politics of Material Memory in doctrine literature Postcommunism. Those in the aesthetic know have long recognized that there is much more to Prague than the dreamlike castle rising above the Baroque and Rococo confections that jostle for ag master thesis tourists’ attention in the picturesque old town. Interwar Czechoslovakia gained a well-earned reputation for its modernist milieu, from which sprang the painting of Frantisek Kupka, the poetry of Vitezslav Nezval and the design classics such as the streamlined teardrop tourer, the Tatra T77.

Architects working in Masaryk’s Republic also ensured that Modernist light flooded the bourgeois residences of the dissertation l euthanasie famous Villas Mueller (Adolf Loos) and Tugendhat (Mies van der Rohe). In contrast to the folksy, myth-making and introspective imaginary of the ‘National Revival’, the nascent bi-national consciousness that emerged from the decline of decadent Kakania and the carnage of the First World War openly embraced the software ag master thesis International Style. Czech architects and their patrons absorbed lessons learnt abroad and let their projects talk the individuality vs conformity language of CIAM[1], but with a proudly Czech accent. Of many possible examples, Oldrich Tyl and Josef Fuch’s Functionalist Trade-Fair Palace in Holesovice and Josef Havlicek and Karel Honzik’s Corbusian Pension Institute in Zizkov display a familiarity and comfort with the principles and software ag master practice of Modernist architecture that fuelled the urban utopianism of thinking video, Tomas Bata’s “shiny phenomenon” in Zlin and reflected the confidence of a Republic, recognized as such for the first time, beginning to feel like it belonged in the world. The thoroughly modern flourishing of this sense of collective self was tragically cut short by the British and French betrayal at Munich. Chamberlain’s cruel condemnation of Czechoslovakia as ‘a faraway country of which we know little’, an expendable pawn in software ag master thesis the cynical play of great-power politics, opened the individuality door for Nazi annexation and occupation, ‘liberation’ by software thesis, the Red Army and essays the subsequent slide into authoritarian communism. That short, twenty-year period, remembered elsewhere as a time of crisis[2], was burned into the Czechoslovak collective memory as a time of unparalleled freedom and creativity, hope and possibility. This was a time when the swirling forces of software, modernist creativity, such as those of Karel Teige’s Devetsil ensured that while this medium-sized, Central European country grew to become world’s 6 th largest exporting economy, it was feted not only for its wares, but the vathek essays way it wore them.

The memory of software, this period has become crucial to historicized understandings of what followed as well as ideas of how to be, become and belong in the present, which has been both reflected and reinforced in l euthanasie the material memoryscape. The clipping of the First Republic’s youthful wings is often seen as the software ag master end of the Czech modernist line, leaving behind an architectural high-water mark as a reminder of what could have been, of a time when concrete could be the stuff of dreams, rather than the material manifestation of a closing curtain-wall. The monuments to that golden youth are now regular highlights on tourist schedules, highly recommended in guidebooks and often featured in cold war essay design magazines. Significantly, they are promoted and maintained by software thesis, city and state authorities, sites of officially sanctioned mourning, melancholia and individuality nostalgia. However, while such acclaim is richly deserved, the ag master politics of material memory are never far from postcommunist surfaces. The focus on the First Republic has meant that many of Prague’s later modernist gems have often been ignored, seemingly hidden in plain sight. What Prague is For.

Whereas Berlin is lauded for its TV Tower and Cafe Moskau and video clips the former Soviet Union has seen its Cosmic Communist Constructions Photographed to widespread acclaim by ag master, Frederic Chaubin, Czech Brutalism has remained largely uncelebrated, mired in the brutal circumstances of its making. It is notable that in a feature article on another recent book in this emerging genre[3], ‘Socialist Modern’ buildings in Slovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine and vathek essays Georgia are mentioned, while the Czech Republic is thesis conspicuous by vathek essays, its absence. The Ministry of software thesis, Transportation in Tblisi, The Slovak National Library in Bratislava, the Riga TV Tower and everything from the post-office to the university in Skopje all warrant attention but, somehow, in the international imagination, this is not what Prague is for . This impression has often also been cultivated by previously dominant politics of public memory, with Prague’s brutalist buildings seen as sad anomalies amidst the essay ancien splendour – inconvenient material truths that have nonetheless served a useful purpose by prodding at the guilty conscience of ag master thesis, visiting tourists and critical thinking video statesmen, obscuring their uses and material qualities by casting them into the shadow of totalitarianism. It is important to understand the causes of this willed amnesia, which in the time after communism, curated a particularly powerful impression of the recent past and has had significant implications for how life can be lived in the present. The confluence of international and local understandings of the history of the short 20 th Century and ag master thesis especially its second-half, has created a dominant narrative of post-communist collective memory. This view sees 1989 as the art and essays literature inevitable victory of a superior western model that ended a period defined exclusively by oppression and suffering, thus condemning the lived experience of millions of people to the garbage heap of history and constructing them in ag master thesis the present as victims and damaged goods. In part, this has been tactical, helping to forge an understanding of a Czechs as ‘Central Europeans’ and war essay introduction thus deserving of ag master, a ‘return to Europe’, to the exclusion of those further East, condemned as oriental others, as non-EUropeans. Milan Kundera’s famous essay ‘The Kidnapped West’[4] is a prominent example of such an approach, asserting Central European belonging in a Western idea of Europe and grounding its legitimacy in the interwar period.

Central Europe becomes the critical thinking West’s jilted lover, banished to the Russian East, diverted from it’s ‘true’ path and facing a kidnapped present and a hijacked future. Software! Ironically, although Kundera explicitly rejects Marx and Hegel’s version of History, he effectively espouses a Fukuyamian historicism avant le letter, albeit one that limits the teleology of a Western destiny of ‘Liberal-Market-Democracy’ to Western and Central Europeans and doctrine essays on medieval Americans . The importance of this narrative to thesis dominant understandings of et essayiste, postcommunism cannot be overstated. Playing on the curtailed experience of democracy and linking this to the cultural flourishing of the First Republic, helped Vaclav Havel and software thesis Lech Walesa (and others) ensure that the so-called ‘Return to Europe’ was institutionally concretised in accession to the European Union, although this very much on the EU’s terms[5]. On Medieval Literature! The creation of the link between the software ag master thesis First Republic and contemporary belonging helps to erase nuanced understandings of the communist period. To be clear, this was indeed a time of tremendous suffering, oppressive politics and the callous crushing of a shocking amount of cold war essay, human potential, but was that the whole story?

As Vaclav Havel famously noted, there were many forms of resistance and resilience in the face of terrible circumstances, with those who were supposedly powerless, actually enacting their power on the everyday stage. It is software thesis therefore worth questioning whether this this was a ‘postcultural’ period, as Kundera claimed, or whether this assertion is poete et essayiste espagnol as ideologically freighted as the communism (and Russianness) he set out to oppose. The Manichean view of the interwar period as good, the software thesis time until ’89 as bad and what followed as a return to the good life has had several important effects and affects. Following Kundera, this sees postcommunist ‘transition’ as a journey from point to point, from the vs conformity essay “stolen European and capitalist past” to the predetermined ?progressive? trajectory of the thesis West[6]. However, once back on the same path, Central Europeans were seen to be behind and backward, frequently labeled either as ‘success stories’ or ‘laggards’[7] in critical thinking imitating the ag master thesis always-already advanced West which they were benchmarked against, leading Juergen Habermas to denigrate the events of 1989 as “catching up revolutions.” Such a view fits with the pedagogical historicism in which the victims of communism became the ‘pupils’ of heroic European and American ‘tutors’[8].

This is also reflected in the patronizing Pentecostalism that styled these revolutions as a re-birth and clips that talks of ‘young democracies’ and the ‘children of 89’[9]. Hard Times in Soft Cities. Importantly for this discussion of the social meaning of architecture and its role in material memory, characterizations of the software thesis communist period as one of merely kidnap and theft ignore the complexity of lived experiences of the time leaving victim testimonies as the main mode of available and acceptable public speech regarding that time. Labelling art, architecture and literature of the vathek essays time as ‘postcultural’ is software ag master a delegitimizing move that seeks to reify other types of culture and which supports unfairly totalizing accounts of communist experiences, a treatment all too common where communist-era cultural production is concerned. However, architecture has a particular place in the cultural politics of memory, as unlike visual art or literature, engagement with it is not always a choice.

We all experience the cold introduction material environments we live in software and the doctrine buildings in which we live and work may not always be of ag master thesis, our choosing. Noting Jonathan Raban’s account of the ‘Soft City’ – that makes us as we make it – recognizes the importance of the imposition or contestation of material meaning and the different ways we experience architectural and urban affect. Czech Brutalist buildings were mainly built after the crushing of the dissertation l euthanasie 1968 Prague Spring and have all too often become seen as the distinctly inhuman face of socialist ‘Normalisation’. These structures have thus been equated with unwelcome outside interference at ag master a time when the only available international style was seen as a material manifestation of imprisonment, rather than the interwar proof of progressive, dynamic cosmopolitanism. Considering the very different reaction that Brutalist buildings have often inspired in the reunified Germany, it is important to note the significance of cold war essay introduction, different understandings of the communist period there, as well as the impact of a very different (inter)war past.

This may have contributed to thesis a continued embrace of contemporary modernism throughout the post-war period, with the clear connection (and open competition) between building in the East and the West, reaffirming national connection by highlighting the falseness of essay, enforced division. In Germany, as in many other places, Brutalism was understood as an architecture from within rather than one imposed from without, albeit with differing variations and connotations in the two halves of the software ag master divided nation. Critical Clips! This foregrounds the social meaning-making that plays an essential, if often under-acknowledged role in aesthetic judgement. Thus, the marquee buildings of the Czechoslovak Normalisation period are often seen as all too closely entwined with authoritarian politics of the period, with their aesthetic, material and functional qualities and the complexity of software, their social meaning is too often ignored in this totalizing gaze. The communist period is often seen in the popular, Western imagination as ‘grey’ or ‘drab’, with ‘the people’ of the time eking out a meagre existence in a concrete-clad, shadowy half-light that is all too easily equated with run-down, large-scale housing projects.

These descriptions, as well as the slights on key socialist-era buildings, continue to doctrine essays reverberate in the concrete estates – built then, but still lived-in now – many of which were realized in a brutalist vernacular: from the low rise ‘Solidarita’ in ag master Strasnice and Karlin’s sleek ‘Invalidovna’, to the fleets of panel-buildings in Dablice and Jizni Mesto, they have been all too easily dismissed as mere communist blocks that signal second class-life in what was the second world. After ’89 these visions of how the future used to look no longer looked the part, as post-communist countries tried to shed their socialist skin and art and doctrine tried to emulate the West. This helped to contribute to the postcommunist identity crisis and the vacuum of software thesis, political subjectivity created by hurried passing of these winds of change. Damning the buildings of that time has also helped to cast people who live in vathek essays them today as poor relations, willfully forgetting that these were, and continue to thesis be, the places where people grew up, loved, laughed and even enjoyed moments in ignorance or defiance of the party regime. These were the walls that sheltered growing families, harboured thought contemplation, witnessed the realization of small-scale creative activities and within which, people made their cosy dens.

Brutalism beyond Brutality. More recently however, as the post-historical utopianism of the neoliberalising global order has been buffeted by an economic crisis so prolongued that it has become the norm and as the realities of on medieval literature, living by rules largely made elsewhere become clearer, it has been possible to detect mnemonic counter-currents in the Prague cityscape and beyond. Aesthetically and functionally, the software ag master thesis designs of Karel Prager, Vladimir and Vera Machonin and others at the forefront of Czech brutalism, have stood the test of time and are starting to receive the local and international acclaim that they deserve. Much like the myth of the Czech ‘return to Europe’ post-89, Prague did not need to “return to the international architecture scene[10]” after the cold war, it had always been there. The re-appraisal of essays on medieval, these previously neglected architectural jewels, which increasingly stand out amidst the banality of software ag master, contemporary commercial construction is part of cold, a wider contestation of the software thesis totalizing memory of the communist period and a new willingness to accept that not everything produced in this time was necessarily bad[11]. Vathek Essays! This points to the need to re-engage a past all too quickly jettisoned in the haste of transition, not to pardon or rehabilitate the software thesis communist regime, but to recognize the nuance and war essay complexity of the lived experiences of thesis, that period, of the significant grey areas that people were required to essays on medieval literature operate in and the not so grey experiences they may have had in and around the buildings of the time. Reconsidering the architectures of that time and their place in contemporary urban life is a significant step in reclaiming the multiple singularities of the past and thus restoring the possibility of subjective authenticity, that sense of having been both then and now and being able to speak as fully as one can of software, both times and indeed to rescue the beautiful babies that were thrown out with the surfeit of bad bathwater.

The former Czechoslovak Federal Assembly building (Prager, 1972) at the top of art and, Wenceslas Square, which served as the post-89 headquarters Radio Free Europe has been fully refurbished to mark its transformation into ‘The New Building’ of the Czech National Museum. This is the building that is often seen under construction in the background of photos showing the Russian tanks that came to thesis crush the Prague Spring and l euthanasie as a building explicitly intended for the authorities attained massive symbolic significance. That this architectural wonder was effectively given away to thesis a foreign organization in the wake of the velvet revolution is also indicative of the politics of the time, as its gleaming resurgence at the heart of officially-sanctioned national memory. Another Prager building, the Nova Scena (1983) of the National Theatre, famous as the ‘Magic Lantern’ where roundtable talks were held during the seizure of power from the communist regime has gone from individuality vs conformity essay, being derided as looking like “frozen piss”[12] to being lauded as a must-see site in the latest Prague guide from software ag master, international tastemakers Wallpaper* magazine. Similarly, the introduction Kotva[13] department store is a reassuringly solid presence opposite the pink creme chantille of the recent and hideously Disney-like Palladium shopping centre. Software! Hotels such as the cold war essay Intercontinental[14], and President[15] downtown and the Praha[16] and Pyramida[17] further out have long catered for thesis tourists and conference-goers, while commercial buildings such as the Smichov Komercni Banka[18] and the Cube[19] office complex showing the range of brutal beauty in Prague.

Many of these buildings are archetypal brutalist designs, showcasing that the use of thinking video clips, exposed materials arranged in playful or elegantly repetitive forms that is juxtaposed with the software ag master solidity and weight of the materials themselves. This play of lightness and on medieval literature weight, elegance and solidity is often lost in the brutalist nomenclature which was coined for its use of Beton brut , rather than anything more sinister. The sweeping curves and ag master thesis egalitarian distribution of balcony space at the Hotel Praha and the elevated and seemingly floating, curtain-walled body of the former Federal Assembly speak of a technical mastery of contemporaneous international building styles. This fluency in brutalist-modern visual and material language lead to innovative experimentation and a panache of execution to match the architects of the First Republic and thinking video clips which goes quite against the received wisdom on communist-era creativity. Place-making: Palimpsest and Performativity. The changing fortunes of thesis, these high-profile buildings draws can be seen in both the functions that they serve and the uses that are made of them, as well as on the reputation that they have. Dissertation L Euthanasie! These linked aspects are highly significant for the understandings that we have of our (urban) environments and relate to the manifestation of similar currents elsewhere. The first represents a performative making of meaning that can contest confirm or create the function of a space. This leads to software ag master excavatory, sedimentary or palimpsestuous place-making, reflects the direct interaction of people with the built environment. In Berlin, the vathek essays transformation of the 3 rd Reich Air Ministry building into ag master, the contemporary Federal Ministry of Finance and the re-invention of the Olympic stadium from shameful Nazi hangover to centerpiece of a new Germany, once again accepted as having a waveable flag are only two examples of such processes. Dissertation! There are also many examples of this in Prague, from the re-branding of software thesis, Pankrac high-rises to the cynical corporate appropriation of the already appropriated ‘Maj’ shopping centre to make the indicatively named ‘My’ Narodni[20].

The controversy around the formal listing of vathek essays, this building also shows the often particularly bitter hatred of software thesis, brutalist style buildings that is not the preserve of either Central Europe or postcommunist countries and which relates to the discourses that also inform architectural meaning-making. It has long been accepted that it is mainly architects and architecture critics who champion brutalist buildings, imposing them on the poor folk who actually have to live there, while they retreat to more comfortable and comforting climes. It has been of continued delight to conservative commentators that the iconoclastic critic Charles Jencks declared that “Modern Architecture died in St Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3.32pm or thereabouts when the infamous Pruitt-Igoe scheme, or rather several of its slab blocks, were given the final coup de grace by dynamite.[21]” Those conservative critics may not have liked all of, or indeed any, of the postmodernism that Jencks espoused, but this was a victory for anti-modern traditionalism in architecture and a foreseeable end to all this concrete, glass and steel. Jencks was purposefully premature and the battle for thinking clips modernism has raged on ever since, but it has done so in software ag master thesis a prevailing critical climate that has sought to blame many urban and social ills on this style of architecture, which bred nought but misery, poverty crime and alienation. However, around the world, this received wisdom has come into question, with the re-appraisal of the aesthetics of brutalist buildings often accompanied by refurbishment. Doctrine Literature! Even the founding myth of the ag master critics of modern architecture – that the dissertation l euthanasie brutalist-modern Pruitt-Igoe housing project was fundamentally unsound – has been challenged. The recent documentary film ‘The Pruitt-Igoe Myth’ highlights the joy with which the first tenants embraced their new homes and foregrounds the lack of maintenance, willful ghettoisation by the city authorities and the poor socio-economic status of the occupants as the main causes of the degeneration of life on the estate, rather than seeing the architecture itself as the cause. Similarly, according to reports in the Czech media, anthropological research on Prague’s biggest housing estate at Jizni Mesto, revealed “strong social networks, plenty of greenery and decent public transportation[22]” and that this and software other such areas had not become a low-income ghettoes in the course of transition. Among the signature buildings of Jizni Mesto are the linked towers of the thinking video clips Hotel Kupa, which recall London’s Trellick tower from the ag master renowned British brutalist architect Erno Goldfinger. The revival in doctrine on medieval the fortunes of thesis, brutalist buildings in other parts of the world has coincided with the re-appraisal of Czech communist architectures, as it has seemingly been realized that they were not some aberrant form unique to authoritarian regimes, but that actually the vathek essays embrace of this style by the skilled hands of Karel Prager and others was actually capable of producing beautiful, interesting buildings. Software! While questions will always be raised about the politics of those who were able to art and doctrine essays build during this time, even non-party members like Prager, this picture is complicated by software ag master, the continued activity of interwar architects such as Josef Havlicek and cold Bauhaus director Hannes Meyer in postwar Czechoslovakia.

However, it should be recognized that the best brutalist buildings bear elegant witness to the resilience of cultural creativity that was able to flourish despite the adverse conditions of the time. Recognising the aesthetic value of these marquee buildings makes it harder to ag master thesis simply dismiss their everyday cousins in the housing estates, which is increasingly important in the increasing socio-economic Darwinism of a neoliberalising Europe where we should continue to assert that just because you don’t live in a villa doesn’t mean that you don’t belong here. The rehabilitation of war essay, these material forms and their social meaning comes as part of a renewed willingness to properly reckon with the past in ag master thesis all its complexity, refusing the simplifying narratives of totalizing tyranny and victimhood in order to reclaim the uniquely Czech experiences of this time and to be thus better able to contextualise and dissertation understand them within wider narratives, which can then also be better challenged. This in turn may speak of a desire to re-assert political subjectivity and thesis articulate a new way of being internationally Czech without either passively acquiescing to every outside demand or resorting to clips aggressively parochial populist nationalism. Having taken on board much of the postmodern critique, is this revival indicative of a new modernism, unimpressed with the low ambitions, broken promises and banal pastiche of the geographies at history’s end? In the context of ongoing and uneven economic hardship across Europe as well as resurgent public political activism we should be rightly wary of architecture instrumentalised to political purpose, but at the same time we cannot ignore the highly political causes and consequences of our material worlds and nor should we reject the software thesis possibilities that architecture holds with regard to being, belonging and becoming. Too often, Prague is vathek essays damned with faint praise: deliriously light entertainment for ag master thesis tourists passing between Europe’s sites of heavy, serious, real memory; a refuge from reality for introverted dreamers, trying to stay forever young, like the art and First Republic they idolize; in short, somewhere to visit, a nice place to play, a temporary refuge from the real business going on elsewhere. The beautifully restored surfaces of the first republic demand respect and it is understandable why that remarkable age remains so well-remembered. Software Thesis! However, without the emergent reckoning with that which followed, a nostalgic melancholia would dominate the politics of Czech memory and obscure the opportunities and demands of the present, not only betraying the spirit of that past, but surrendering the cold war essay introduction present to the narratives of victimhood and pedagogy. Ag Master! The restoration of art and essays, key buildings and software thesis the continued process of poete et essayiste espagnol, improving the housing estates as well as the increased number of exhibitions on Czech Brutalism and the discussion of the ag master thesis issues surrounding it in art and essays the media all point to ag master thesis a new engagement with unquiet ghosts that haunt the present.

Perhaps the poete espagnol belated blooming of software ag master thesis, Czech brutalism and the recent (and bizarre) decision to re-build the Berliner StadtSchloss (in place of the Palast der Republik) mark a passing of the mnemonic baton, to Bohemia, where Prague is shedding its berlin complex[23] and is demanding to be seen afresh, as a city in full. L Euthanasie! This is an urban landscape that runs the gamut of ag master thesis, glamour and grit, a schwer site of work and l euthanasie memory, not only ag master thesis, licht laughter and forgetting. It should recognize itself as such and demand the same recognition from others. Such recognition that would begin to challenge the hierarchies of individuality essay, inclusion that preclude real belonging and limit the ability of people to participate in determine their individual and collective futures. [2] Carr, E.H. 2001. The twenty years’ crisis, 1919-1939: an introduction to the study of international relations . Basingstoke: Palgrave. Software Ag Master! Original edition, 1939. [3] Roman Bezjak’s Socialist Modernism: Archeology of an war essay, Era , Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2011, as featured in Spiegel Online International, 07/29/2011. [4] ”The tragedy of Central Europe”, New York Review of software, Books, 26 April 1984, pp.33-8, originally published in French under the dissertation title “Un Occident kidnappe ou la tragedie de l’Europe centrale”, Le Debat , november 1983, no 27).

[5] e.g. Frank Schimmelfennig, ‘The Community Trap’, International Organization 55, 1, Winter 2001, pp. 47–80. [6] Stenning, Alison Kathrin Horschelmann (2008), ‘History, Geography and Difference in the Post-socialist World: Or, Do We Still Need Post-Socialism?’ Antipode , 40(2): 312-335. [7] King, Charles (2000) ‘Post-Post-communist: Transition, Comparison, and the End of “Eastern Europe”’, World Politics , 53(1): 143-172; Moravcsik, Andrew Vachudova, Milada (2003) ‘National Interests, State Power, and EU Enlargement’, East European Politics and Societies , 17(1): 42–57. [8] Jacoby, Wade (2001) ‘Tutors and Pupils: International Organizations, Central European Elites, and Western Models’, Governance , 14(2): 169-200; Chandler, David (2006), Empire in ag master Denial: The Politics of State Building, Pluto Press, London. [9] Garton Ash, Timothy (2009), ‘1989!’, New York Review of Books, Volume 56, Number 17 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/23232. [10] Hanzlova, et al,(Eds) (1999), Prague, 20 tth Century Architecture, Springer, 1999: p8. [11] The Czech Newspaper Pravo! reported on 06/02/2012 that a group of Czech art experts (UM!) were working on art and essays, a book looking at the cultural and aesthetic aspects of the Prague Metro as an art space. [12] As quoted in ‘The Rough Guide to Prague’ [13] Machonin Machoninova, 1975.

[14] Filsak, Bubenicek Svec, 1974. [16] Paroubek, Navratil, Todl, Sedlacek, 1981. [17] Cajthamlov Cajthamalova, 1987. [19] Fencl, Franc Novacek, 1977. [20] Eisler, et al, 1976. The name Maj reflected the communist hijacking of Karel Hynek Macha’s famous and highly nationally significant poem of the same name. From Maj to My also plays on the Czech first person plural – ironically considering its special place in the communist lexicon.

[21] Jencks, Charles (1977) The Language of Postmodern Architecture, Rizzoli, 1977 [1991] [22] Kristina Alda, ‘Praguescape: In the Pink?’, Prague Daily Monitor, 27/10/2009. [23] With respect to the sadly departed and already missed Vaclav Havel who wrote the concrete poem ‘The Brno Complex’ – “ prague”

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20 Classic Case Studies Every Business Student Should Know. Although almost every business is unique in its own way, there are some universal lessons that apply to just about any kind of business. In these case studies, we#39;ll take a look at employee performance and retention, supply chain management, growth, ad spending, and more. Although the following are focused on specific businesses, all business students can learn lessons from their triumphs and mistakes. Thesis? Read on, and you#39;ll find 20 classic case studies you#39;d do well to know as a business student.

Managers hope they#39;ll never have to deal with employee drug abuse, but the fact is that it does happen. In this case, Amber, an administrative assistant started out well, but began to adopt strange and inconsistent behavior. Her work was maintained pretty well, but she began arriving late and dissertation calling in sick often, especially right around the time she got paid. She began borrowing and ag master thesis failing to repay money, and then started showing a short temper on the phone with customers. Cold? After being found in the ladies room sniffing white powder, she was confronted about a cocaine problem, and reacted by software ag master thesis, quitting immediately, leaving a hole in the organization for months before a replacement could be found and replaced. Experts believe the dissertation employer#39;s actions were wrong, waiting too long to confront Amber, and focusing on accusations instead of criticizing behavior directly related to work, such as lateness and software ag master thesis rudeness to clients. They also point out that Amber should have been sent in for a drug test before being outright accused of using cocaine, opening up the opportunity for rehabilitation instead of vathek essays, a severed tie. Sometimes, doing the right thing is more important than profits, a lesson that Malden Mills learned firsthand. When the factory burned down in 1995 just two weeks before Christmas, production halted and employees assumed they#39;d be out of work until the factory was rebuilt.

But CEO Aaron Feuerstein extended the employees 90 days at full pay, as well as 180 days with benefits at a cost of $25 million to Malden Mills. After the factory was rebuilt and ag master all of the displaced workers were rehired, cooperation and dissertation l euthanasie productivity reached a new high, with 40% more business, 95% customer and employee retention, and a production increase from 130,000 to 200,000 yards per week. However, since then, Malden Mills has been to bankruptcy court three times, with much of the debt tied to the rebuild of the factory. Feuerstein made employees happy, to be sure, but business students should study this case to consider whether bold philanthropic actions will pay off in the end. Software Thesis? In 2008, Starbucks announced that they would be closing 600 US stores.

Up to that point, Starbucks stores had added new offerings, including wi-fi and war essay introduction music for sale, but started to software thesis lose its warm neighborhood store feeling in favor of a chain store persona. Harvard Business Review points out that in this situation, Starbucks is a mass brand attempting to command a premium price for vathek essays, an experience that is no longer special. Meaning, in order to keep up, Starbucks would either have to cut prices, or cut down on stores to software restore its brand exclusivity. HBR#39;s case study shares three problems with the growth of vathek essays, Starbucks: alienating early adopters, too broad of an appeal, and ag master superficial growth through new stores and products. Harvard recommends that Starbucks should have stayed private, growing at a controlled pace to maintain its status as a premium brand. Big business is attractive, with huge profits for some. But there#39;s something to individuality vs conformity be said about small business as well, with lower risk and ag master the potential for creativity. Darren Robbins of Big D Custom Screen Printing in Austin, TX found success in his business by pursuing customers with orders both large and small.

Although Big D started out individuality catering only to large orders, the shop sat idle in between orders, and through effective scheduling and transparent pricing, was able to fill in dead times with smaller orders. Big D found a profit in a market segment that other local screen printers weren#39;t clamoring to software thesis fill. Cold? Experts believe this was a smart strategy, allowing Big D to spread out software thesis risk in their business and offer customized products. But at least one person is critical of the dissertation offering, pointing out that the software niche has little upside potential, and may hurt the company#39;s efficiency. Family businesses typically have the luxury of passing the torch down to children after parents retire, but in some cases, there are no candidates, or the candidates may not be right for the role. This presents a challenge when it#39;s time to find a successor, especially if existing employees have assumed that top level promotions would come from within the family. So the Carlson companies had to put in great effort to find a replacement, looking both internally and outside of the company, ultimately finding an internal candidate who would work well with the family but also offered plenty of experience as an executive in different industries. According to Beverly Behan of Hay#39;s Group, Carlson should be commended for not only making the right decision in not hiring the heir apparent, but for handling the job search in a calm, effective way.

Retiring Employees, Lost Knowledge. Another important retirement issue is one of lost knowledge. What happens when retirees leave the office, taking years of experience and know-how right along with them? Businesses lose all of that knowledge, but according to American Express, it doesn#39;t have to be that way. Through a pilot program, AMEX created a workforce transformation group that would allow retiring participants to gradually give up some of their day to day responsibilities. On Medieval? In return, the employees would spend some of this time mentoring and teaching classes to successors. This resulted in ag master a phased retirement, allowing employees to thinking video leave gradually and enjoy more time while still enjoying a portion of their previous salary, and regular benefits. This also meant that some employees stayed a year or more past traditional retirement age. AMEX believes this program is a success, allowing senior employees to software enjoy their last years of work in a reduced capacity, as well as educating the poete existing workforce for future success. Software Ag Master Thesis? Consultant David DeLong agrees, citing this program as an l euthanasie, example of software ag master thesis, how job handoffs should really work.

Advertising costs money, which many businesses find themselves short of these days. But forgoing ad spending in doctrine essays on medieval literature favor of better profits can be a mistake. Experts say that in a slump, one of the best things you can do is software ag master thesis, adopt or increase your advertising strategy to individuality essay attract customers. During a recession, this is software, especially true, as other businesses may be cutting back on their ad spending, making your voice even more prominent to customers. After seven years of growth, buliding from 30 to 300 locations, Firehouse Subs#39; growth fizzled, and cold introduction company leaders realized they had to do something about it. So they returned local advertising fees collected from ag master thesis, franchisees, not to put in their pockets, but to take hold of their own local marketing. Sales fell even more, revealing that this was not a good strategy at the time. Instead, Firehouse reclaimed their local marketing fee, and then gave franchisees the option to take part in a new marketing campaign, requiring them to pay double for local marketing, but in doctrine return, becoming part of an $8 million advertising campaign poised for success.

Experts commend Firehouse for having the courage to ask franchisees for more money where it was needed, even when times were tough. In 1982, seven people in Chicago died after taking Tylenol due to an unknown suspect lacing the capsules with cyanide after the software products reached the shelves. Et Essayiste? In the software ag master thesis immediate aftermath, Tylenol#39;s commanding 37% market share dropped to thinking just 7% nationwide, despite the software ag master thesis problem being contained to l euthanasie the Chicago area. Tylenol was not responsible for the tampering of the product, but to maintain the product#39;s reputation, Johnson Johnson pulled all of the software ag master Tylenol from the shelves, absorbing a loss of more than $100 million dollars. Tylenol was successfully reintroduced with tamper resistant packaging, discounts, and sales presentations to the medical community. The brand survived due to l euthanasie swift action and effective public relations from Johnson Johnson.

It#39;s tough to be the little guy, especially when one of the big guys becomes your direct competition. But at Hangers Cleaners, an offbeat image and good customer service helped them pull through when PG opened an eco-friendly dry cleaners in the same town. Software Thesis? Hangers differentiated itself through van delivery service, funny t-shirts and hangers, as well as social networking. The company also spent time connecting with the community by essays on medieval, partnering with local businesses and charities. Instead of out-pricing or out-spending PG, Hangers embraced its personality and adopted a culture of excellent service that customers found value in. Thesis? As a result, Hangers has experienced growth while other local dry cleaners have reported flat or declining revenues. Market Expansion Through Partnership. To support new growth, businesses have to expand past their initial customer base, an critical thinking clips, often daunting task for small businesses.

However, partnering with another successful company can help businesses reach a new level. Diagnostic Hybrids, specializing in medical diagnostics, did just that, partnering with Quidel, a market leader in thesis rapid diagnostic tests. This partnership allowed Diagnostic Hybrids to cold introduction enjoy a larger market presence, as well as take advantage of better research and development resources. Although Diagnostic Hybrids was acquired by ag master, Quidel, key elements of the organization remain, with the same company president, and operation as a separate subsidiary. Tesco#39;s move into cold war essay Korea offers a classic case study of building market share internationally. Software Ag Master? The company made some smart moves in their Korean expansion, most notably partnering with Samsung, the leading Korean conglomerate, and embracing the Korean way of life by operating stores as local businesses and community centers. Tesco also made a smart move by employing nearly 100% Koreans on staff, with only 4 British employees out of 23,000. Reports indicate that Tesco#39;s intelligent strategy has won over vathek essays shoppers in ag master Seoul, with 25% of Koreans signed up for loyalty cards and sales in vathek essays the billions, finding success in crack[ing] the Asian tiger, where competitors such as Carrefour and Wal-Mart have failed. Another excellent international case study comes from bike manufacturer Triumph, which lost steam in software ag master its British home base three decades ago, but found new life by vathek essays, heading overseas. In 2010, Triumph sold just 7,562 bikes in software the UK, but 50,000 worldwide, indicating that an international interest paid off for poete et essayiste espagnol, the company. Triumph#39;s famous factory in Warwickshire closed up shop in 1983, but the software ag master Indian factory remained, and these days, the motorcycles have become the country#39;s Harley Davidson.

The company struggles to individuality vs conformity essay meet demand in software India, with a six month waiting list and a new factory being built. India#39;s middle class has embraced the et essayiste espagnol vehicle as an affordable commodity, even giving them as dowries in software ag master thesis weddings. Background Checks for Job Candidates. Individuality Vs Conformity? Background checks are an issue faced by many companies, as sensitive information is now more public than ever. OfficeDrop is no exception, as the ag master thesis company scans paper into digital files, including patient records and minister sermons, most of which require trustworthy employees who can handle documents discreetly.

Many companies offer quick, superficial checks, but for OfficeDrop owner Prasad Thammineni, more information was required. He found a company that would allow research to delve into a number of different sources and perform a more comprehensive search. Other business owners offered somewhat critical opinions of Thammineni#39;s choice, pointing out vs conformity that instead of Googling to find a background check company, he should have asked his business network who they were using. They also recommended that he take advantage of free resources, including online searches and checking out ag master thesis social media sites to learn more about l euthanasie job candidates. Employee Engagement in software thesis Tough Times. When Gamal Aziz stepped in as president of the MGM Grand Hotel Casino, he didn#39;t just take on a $400 million spruce up of the hotel, he worked on the employees as well. He asked rank and file employees to share their insight through a hotel, discovering that there was a disconnect between what was going on at the hotel and the knowledge of staff.

He implemented an easy fix, creating short meetings at the start of every shift to inform employees of daily happenings so that staff could offer more to guests, improving customer loyalty, return visits, and spending. Experts laud Aziz for vathek essays, differentiating the MGM grand with top quality service from the employees. Social Media Serves Up Creme Brulee. Marketing is ag master, key, whether you#39;re a multibillion dollar company, or just a guy with a cart full of creme brulee. But just doing it isn#39;t enough: you have to market effectively. Curtis Kimball, the man behind the Creme Brulee Cart, put Twitter to work for him amassing thousands of followers and vathek essays growing his business by allowing people to follow the cart through the online service. Kimball engages with customers and develops a personal relationship with followers online, asking for software ag master thesis, suggestions on flavors and cart locations.

Perhaps the most impressive part of this story is the fact that Kimball has no marketing budget (Twitter is a free service), yet enjoys an incredibly popular status and art and essays high ratings on Yelp. Overreaching Products, Suffering Sales. You can#39;t be everything to everyone, as Hickory Farms found out. A company that started out with holiday gift baskets including sausage, ham, and cheese at one point had an offering of ag master thesis, 2,500 different products, sprawling the company and resulting in a loss of individuality vs conformity essay, favor with customers. Recognizing this issue, Hickory Farms streamlined itself, slashing their number of products from 2,500 to 300 with more modern visuals, descriptions, and other features, including less packaging and ag master thesis more recycled content. The company also overhauled their website, making it easier to shop online. All of this streamlining resulted in a price reduction of 13% that Hickory Farms was able to essays on medieval literature pass on to their customers.

Brand strategist Jennifer Woodbery believes that this was a smart move, making the most of Hickory Farms#39; trusted name and image with an effective rebranding of thesis, offerings. Espagnol? Maintaining Consistently Good Employees. It happens all the time: good employees get a promotion, and suddenly, they#39;re not so good anymore. Ag Master? Such is the dissertation case for cat shelter Paws Need Families, as Della, a cleaner turned assistant manager, then manager started arriving late, letting applications sit, and slipped on inoculations, all serious offenses. Instead of confronting Della directly, general meetings were held, and software ag master an assistant manager was hired to compensate for Della#39;s shortcomings.

Ultimately, Della never cleaned up her act, and vathek essays was fired. Ken Blanchard, co-author of The One Minute Manager believes this situation could have been avoided with frequent meetings and support with a system of review, both of which can identify issues before they become real problems. In 2009, Maclaren issued a recall for every stroller it had sold in the US for a decade, which came to 1 million units. The strollers were recalled so that a cover could be installed to prevent amputation of a baby#39;s fingers, which could happen if the baby were to be in the stroller in the wrong spot. As a luxury brand, this incident was damaging even though it was a misuse of the product and not a defect. Experts believe that Maclaren did the software thesis right thing in the aftermath of the recall, asking for a fast track recall from the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and got out in front of the recall as it started spreading through the press, saving face and cold introduction further embracing a mission of child safety. We all hope that clients will pay on time, but the fact is that most businesses have to deal with lateness at ag master thesis, some point or another. How you deal with it can make all the difference, and vathek essays this case study reveals a smart strategy. When a client wrote to check in on the progress of work, a web developer replied that she was hesitant to work quickly for thesis, that client because she was still waiting on payments for month-old work. This immediately got the attention of the clients, who contacted her and individuality vs conformity discovered that their checks were not going to thesis the right address.

The problem was solved almost instantaneously, enforcing both leverage and rewarding positive behavior. Dissertation? However, it was risky, and the client criticized her for not sharing a warning before coming to a difficult point. Software Ag Master Thesis? In 2000, a fire at the Philips microchip plant affected phone manufacturers Nokia And Ericsson. The companies reacted in cold war essay introduction different ways, and ag master thesis ultimately, Ericsson did not do well, quitting the mobile phone business and allowing Nokia to win over the European market. While Ericsson had tied up all of its key components in a single source and planned to wait out the problem with the fire, Nokia worked to snatch up spare chips from other plants and suppliers, as well as re-engineered some of their phones to adapt to war essay introduction different chips from new suppliers. It#39;s not hard to ag master thesis imagine what happened after that. Nokia kept trucking along, while Ericsson suffered from individuality, months of lost production and sales, allowing the market to be dominated by Nokia.

This incident and fallout is software ag master, a classic lesson in supply chain risk management. Essays Literature? Copyright Online Colleges 2017. All rights reserved.

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Descriptive Essay About The Sea Essays and Research Papers. welcomed us, we were already warming to Iceland. Iceland has the reputation of being a remote country, but it's actually North America's closest European . neighbor, located relatively halfway between the U.K. and the U.S. There are many misconceptions about Iceland, and surely the name of the country doesn't help any. Ag Master Thesis! Far from art and freezing or being covered in ice, Iceland has a relatively medium climate, averaging 60 degrees in the summer and 32 in software, the winter. Cold War Essay Introduction! We were visiting in April, and the temperature. Faroe Islands , Geyser , Geysir 1419 Words | 4 Pages.

How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and ag master vivid experience for the reader. Poete Espagnol! Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by software ag master thesis, using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe? As you get started on poete, your descriptive essay , it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Software Ag Master Thesis! Often, a descriptive essay will focus on introduction, portraying one of. Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages.

Descriptive essay on an over-seas experience. leave the country, and ag master thesis I had anticipated this trip for the last two weeks. So many questions were dancing around in my mind. Vathek Essays! What are the people like? Do the ag master . stars look the l euthanasie same way they do here in ag master thesis, the States? Does it smell different in Germany? In about essays literature, twelve hours, my questions would be answered. As I walked towards Customs, I felt important as if I were the president or an ambassador. I showed my passport with pride. When the Customs agent stamped my passport, I morphed back from software ag master thesis being president. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory , Flush toilet , House 1256 Words | 3 Pages.

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Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the gritty concrete labyrinth. Beneath a . Ag Master Thesis! blazing sun, the smell of baked asphalt, sugary cola, and pretzel surround me. On Medieval Literature! I follow the thesis unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward. Overhead the deafening whirl of metal and screams briefly fill the hot air. The consistent drone of greasy motors and hissing pneumatics engage my curiosity. My heart rushes like a child on critical video, Christmas morning about to receive a favorite.

Mind 1016 Words | 3 Pages. ?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to software, Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is one . of my family’s favorite things to vathek essays, do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the ag master United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, there are many places to go and sights to see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the vathek essays narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the software ag master thesis reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the poete perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages.

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While. Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the cold boys, we . would pick up our Dyno bikes and ag master ride four blocks down to Tony’s pizzeria. If I had to cold war essay introduction, think about it, Tony’s pizzeria is software was and poete espagnol still is to this day an important part of thesis, my life.

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Dr. Jones . and Captain Blumburrtt are sitting next to each other and casually speaking to on medieval, the Prime Minister about the complaints from the thesis villagers. The discussion starts calm but escalates, as the Prime Minister seems uncomfortable with Dr. Jones' comments. The Prime Minister reassures Dr.

Jones that these are just village stories and fear and folklore. He doesn't. Anxiety , Cabinet , Domestic worker 796 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of poete et essayiste, writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative.

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Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more. These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of thinking video clips, essays , descriptive . essays strive to ag master, create a deeply involved and vivid experience for dissertation, the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe?

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Thare are few places where tha. Disney Vacation Club , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1533 Words | 6 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the poete many types of writing styles . that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages.

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No, I am not talking about a Popsicle. I am not talking about an software thesis ice cream cone, either. I am not even talking about iced tea or lemonade. Cold Introduction! It is software thesis something better than all of those, and it doesn’t even have all the sneaky calories of poete, those other tasty treats! The answer to the question is software ag master thesis simple. Have you guessed it? It is a cherry. Upon first. A Great Way to Care , A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer 1012 Words | 3 Pages.

? Descriptive narrative Assignment September 25, 2013 A Terrible Event No one could ever imagine that such an incident could . happen. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to go out, as we were welcoming the New Year. Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and we were together almost all the doctrine essays time. Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and had a long beard. New Year’s Eve was always fun. ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages.

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Doctor , Family , Inch 1089 Words | 3 Pages. Group 5 Daniel Lee, Ulrica Ong, Kiri Halsted How far was the success of the art and doctrine on medieval literature nationalist movements in SEA dependent on ag master, . the art and essays personalities of their leader? The success of the nationalist movements was widely due to the personalities of their leaders, the conservative and religious natures of the leaders as well as the charisma of the leaders. Nationalist movements refer to movements which aim to preserve a nation’s identity, tradition, culture or language. British Empire , Charisma , Charismatic authority 1276 Words | 6 Pages. outside. As I lookdown the street I can see the fog setting only feet away from me. It is on this evening when my curiosity gets the best of software, me. Cold Introduction! I want to . know why my mother never allowed me to go down Cedar Crest Drive. Ag Master! I've heard many stories about a haunted house down there. The stories, however, have varied.

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Evelyn O'Connor: Personal Essay vs Short stories. March 25 2014 2:30 AM. Lots of students mess up this exam because they don't understand one fundamental fact: a personal essay is NOT a short story. So what are the software ag master thesis main differences between them? 1. A personal essay is always written by l euthanasie, and about you – a teenager who lives in Ireland, goes to thesis, school and hates having to do the Leaving Cert. A short story can have anyone as the narrator – a rally driver, a model, an inanimate object, a frog.

2. Critical Thinking Video. A personal essay can roam across your entire lifetime, including thoughts, opinions, hobbies, anecdotes, quotes and ideas. A short story, on the other hand, has a specific setting, a limited number of characters and ag master, usually happens over a very short space of time. 3. A personal essay reflects on life, the art and essays on medieval literature universe and everything. A short story has a tight plot, character development and generally ends with a twist. If you are asked to write a personal essay and ag master thesis, you write a short story instead, you will be excommunicated from the Church of Leaving Cert English and can never again worship at that temple. Or at the very least, you'll do really badly in the exam. Tips for writing personal essays: 1. If you don't find yourself interesting then how can anyone else?

You need to think about what it is that defines you as a person, what marks you out as different, unique, special. The reader needs to vathek essays, want to get to software thesis, know you. 2. What events from your distant and more recent past stick out in individuality your mind? Sometimes seemingly insignificant events teach you something unexpected or funny or profound about life. These are the moments that are worth recounting to reveal your true personality to thesis, your readers. 3. What are your passions, hobbies and interests in life?

The quirkier, the better. Critical. Every examiner is fit to vomit when they see yet another essay on your desire to be a premiership footballer or the next X Factor winner (yawn!). Remember, personal essays reveal your uniqueness so anything that makes you sound like every other teenager on the planet is software ag master, not worth including. 4. L Euthanasie. Are you opinionated? What issues do you feel most strongly about? Religion, politics, education, history, science, space travel, global warming, human rights, celebrity culture, technology? Do you have any areas of specialist knowledge?

Is there any way you can work these into your essay? 5. Who are the ag master thesis people you find most fascinating in life? They don't need to be famous but they do need to be worthy of our time if you're going to vathek essays, write about them. Plan in software advance. Organise your ideas.

Use some of the following techniques: * Quotes from bands/singers, writers, philosophers, friends, calendars. * Anecdotes from critical thinking clips your past. Of course, you can always describe an event that happened to software, someone else and pretend it happened to you. * Descriptive style – so that the literature reader is drawn into the experiences you evoke. * Reflection on your experiences/beliefs/attitudes – show an awareness of how you have become the person you are. * Imagination – you are free to software ag master, wander off on a tangent, letting your thoughts flow naturally . . Poete Et Essayiste. . as long as you eventually return to the point.

* Humour – be as funny, sarcastic and software ag master, brutally honest as you are in real life. Students tend to be pokerfaced and overly serious in the exam, then you meet them in real life and they're a total scream but somehow they didn't manage to get this across in their writing. So sad ;-( * Hyperbole – take the truth and exaggerate it. Make your writing dramatic. * Observations about thinking video clips, life, love, and lemonade. Thesis. Here is your chance to muse about everything. * Identify problems and offer solutions. Poete Espagnol. Don't be a Moaning Myrtle!

Sample question: Imagine 20 years from now you win a prestigious award and everyone wants a piece of ag master you. Write a personal essay describing how you became the person you are today (2034) Elsewhere, see Donal Ryan's personal essay on how he became a writer. I think it's incredibly challenging/completely unfair to critical, ask anyone to write a really engaging, original short story in one hour and 20 minutes. As well as writing descriptively, the three elements which must be present are plot, setting and software ag master thesis, characters. Please avoid melodrama. I've read stories where characters get shot, escape in war essay a speed boat, rescue a kitten from a burning building and ag master, then get diagnosed with cancer, all in the space of three pages! Stories should provide a slice of life, not the plot of a three-hour movie.

The titles also tend to be very specific ('write a story about a reunion', 'write a short story in which a young person is eager to vathek essays, leave home'), so writing a pre-prepared short story in the exam has become less and less of an option in software recent years. The new kid on poete et essayiste espagnol, the block is the descriptive essay, which appeared on the exam papers in 2011 and 2013. I see it as a great option because it requires a descriptive style but doesn't insist on the plot and character development that a short story demands. You can write about one single event or about software ag master, a series of different events that are tied together by a common thread. The 2013 essay title asked students to write a descriptive essay based on war essay introduction, a variety of glimpsed moments. A sample descriptive essay is provided to ag master, the right. Just one word of art and doctrine essays on medieval warning: it is probably a little on the short side. For the ag master thesis exam, your composition (whether it's an article, a speech, a personal essay, a short story or a descriptive essay) should be around 1,000-1,200 words.

Obviously, quality is clips, always more important than quantity but anything fewer than 900 words will leave the examiner feeling that you just haven't written enough for them to really judge the software ag master thesis quality of your writing. Even as I leave, I know there is the funeral. Individuality Vs Conformity Essay. Even as I climb into our cheap convertible, and the rain comes down and the roof goes up, I know. Software. You have been a good friend, even though our lives are so busy now we are sometimes like strangers. You have been a good friend, and now your dad is dead. The road is long and windy and wet.

The Wicklow hills call from the far coast, and in between the cold car is ag master thesis, stuffy and war essay introduction, hot to thesis, keep the vathek essays windshield fog off, and ag master, I shuffle to critical, get comfortable and try not (for my dear driver's sake) to nod off. But I have never been good with staying awake, and, besides, although I talk for software ag master thesis, Ireland, a passenger seat is the one place I get lost in my thoughts, climb into individuality essay, my self and am silent, then asleep . I jolt awake with a smack to the head, and the sound of a smile in ag master my ears. We cannot have my head collapsing on him as he drives our cheap convertible with no airbags. We cannot have it. So I fight the battle with my eyelids who go on strike so often I think of hiring a crane to prop them up. The light is green tea and amber now, the trees form a canopy. A light mist has replaced the rain and sleep rises from me as contentment settles down.

We pass a house with horse-head pillar stones, and a lady with squeaky wipers, and a three-legged dog ambling along, and he drives me deeper into the heart of nothing. We have other friends who need us this weekend, it's all arranged. Unlike the funeral, and I've been told that up the critical thinking clips North they do things strange, it can take longer for the carcass to be primed and changed into 'the corpse'. So we leave you to your death and carry on with life somehow, though really it's not all that difficult, which seems both logical and wrong. Hours later, my legs are danced to jelly, my throat is raw.

The rain ricochets off the roof of software ag master our stuffy tent, insistent staccato beat, but I still fall asleep. Cold War Essay. Sleep and dream of water. Ag Master. Sleep and dream of swimming in cold introduction a lake of milk, then fire, as a heat between my legs wiggles forth. Whilst I was sleeping, my organs conversed, my ears heard the rain and my bladder's fit to burst, but I will not get up, I will not get up, I will not get up. I lever open one eyelid, and my claustrophobic-self bursts roaring from her cave. Thesis. Canvas too close to face, no air, no air, trapped, suffocating.

I rip open the tent flap, devour space and vathek essays, air hungrily. Resolve: tomorrow we will be there for you. Morning dawns bright and beautiful. We have a long drive ahead. We put down the roof, become part of the landscape, which begins with billowing smoke. A woman with a cross arm planted on her hip.

A dead badger. Ag Master Thesis. The Bent Elbow Hotel. Then a lake. Two men in a mint green rowboat. Those weird white wind-spinners on et essayiste, the hill. A man on a scooter with a red helmet.

A buttercup yellow sun smothered in Vaseline, smeared across the sky. Life's minutiae thrill and happiness comes in software starburst moments. Even as we arrive, we know there is the funeral. Even as we climb out of our cheap convertible, and the sun beams down and art and, the roof goes back up, we know. Remind ourselves: Your Dad is Dead. Ag Master Thesis. We wait for art and essays on medieval, the service to end.

We wait for the queue to dwindle. Thesis. We wait to poete et essayiste, take you in software our clumsy arms. Your eyes are so lost. Your pain is so real. Your sorrow wraps its hands around my throat. All I can see is critical, a black cat stalking through an empty house, but no clever image can transform this dead man into ag master, a dancing corpse. It's over.

A deep sadness settles on your soul, never to be removed. Evelyn O’Connor, Mount St Michael Secondary School, Claremorris, Mayo. Irish Independent Supplement. Advice for war essay introduction, the new kids: Senior infants explain school. Patricia Murphy You can’t be too crazy and doing a lot of funny things. Just the software ag master kids love it, but not the individuality essay teacher or mams and software ag master thesis, dads. Meet the class of 2017: 'We have a broad mindset and are more accepting of critical thinking clips change' The country's 60,000 Leaving Cert students have one thing on their minds this week - their results, and whether those results are good enough to secure them the course they want when the CAO offers come out on software ag master thesis, Monday. 'Anyone thinking of leaving school at 16 should know that it's a big mistake' - Dad (39). Patricia Murphy A dad who left school at dissertation, 16 said the birth of his young son motivated him to return to software, education and sit his Leaving Certificate more than two decades later.

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