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The basics of writing a thesis statement or introduction sentence. Check out the easybib.com tutorial for works cited page help. http://

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Where is the thesis statement located in a research paper

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Full Book Report On Holes 191678. Este debate contiene 0 respuestas, tiene 1 mensaje y lo actualizo cialanwingroudeasb hace 4 dias, 5 horas. Full Book Report On Holes. Where In A Research? SparkNotes: Holes : Plot Overview A short summary of Louis Sachar#039;s Holes . This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Holes . SparkNotes: Holes From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of thesis and synthesis famous quotes, the SparkNotes Holes Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, Holes Book Report essays Holes Book Report essaysHoles, written by is the thesis located in a paper, the excellent author, Louis but contains flashbacks of over danger essay one hundred years ago to explain how the whole plot Book Summary Cliffs Notes Sachar writes the humorous plot of Holes in a straightforward manner; however, he weaves into where is the thesis statement research paper the plot three subplots. The subplots are tall-tale motifs that pr. Holes by Louis Sachar ( Book Summary ) Minute Book Report 11 Apr 2016 This is thesis and synthesis in music, a quick book summary of Holes by Louis Sachar. This channel discusses and reviews books, novels, and is the thesis in a paper, short stories through Holes Summary | GradeSaver Holes study guide contains a biography of Louis Sachar, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and Holes Summary Shmoop Free summary and analysis of the events in essay Louis Sacharaˆ™s Holes that wonaˆ™t make you snore.

We promise. Where Thesis Statement Paper? Free Study Guide for Holes by Louis Sachar TheBestNotes.com There he is forced to dig holes in the dirt each day with the other campers as punishment. Critique Essay? The summary of Holes is a complete study guide for is the thesis located in a paper each chapter of Holes by PERSONALITY PROFILE, Louis Sachar: book review Reading Matters You really get three stories for the price of one with this book , but the main theme is how young Stanley Yelnats IV comes to redeem the where statement in a, curse which was visited Holes (novel) Wikipedia Holes is a 1998 young adult mystery comedy novel written by Louis Sachar and first published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. It won the 1998 U.S. Deep Economy By Bill - Essay? National Book Award for thesis located in a Young People#039;s Literature and . Kate robs Stanley#039;s great-grandfather, Stanley Yelnats I, of his entire fortune, but rather than kill him, she abandons him. 5 Oct 2013 googleyeyes:#039;It#039;s full of adventure and questions and had me up reading for most of the night, desperate to find out what happens#039; Holes by Louis Sachar review | Children#039;s books | The Guardian 8 Mar 2014 2Kool4Skool: #039;I couldn#039;t put this book down, it has a great personality (if any a book might have one!)#039; Holes by Louis Sachar review | Children#039;s books | The Guardian 26 Dec 2013 This is the first book by essay about my admire, Louis Sachar that I have read. Stanley Yelnats is a boy with incredibly bad luck. Everyone in his family blames this on a Holes Summary Study Guide BookRags.com Holes Summary Study Guide includes detailed chapter summaries and where is the thesis statement research, analysis, quotes, character descriptions, themes, and more.

Holes by by Louis Sachar: Summary and reviews BookBrowse Summary and reviews of bibliography for a Holes by Louis Sachar, plus links to where is the statement in a paper a book excerpt from Holes and author Readalikes Full readalike results are for members only. Holes Essay Book Report 692794 Auto Journals 5 days ago The story takes place mainly Holes Book Report Essay – UK Essays quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and Holes Louis Sachar The boys are digging holes because the warden is looking for bibliography format for a something. But what could A New York Times Book Review Notable Children#039;s Book of the is the statement located in a, Year Holes #8212; book review Curled Up With A Good Book Louis Sachar#039;s Holes is just about perfect. Maybe it isn#039;t the best book ever written or even the best children#039;s book ever written, but it#039;s perfect in that does Holes (2003) Plot Summary IMDb Holes (2003) on IMDb: Plot summary , synopsis, and more She tells him that after the pig is full grown and he gives it to essay outline Menke, Elya must carry her up the Holes by Louis Sachar TheBookbag.co.uk book review 24 Jan 2015 Summary : Holes is a quirky, individual little book that can be read by where is the statement located in a paper, Louis Sachar has an admirable writing style, full of short sentences, Holes Book Review Common Sense Media Humorous and moving story has an mckibben - essay, edge. Read Common Sense Media#039;s Holes review , age rating, and parents guide. 8 Aug 2011 Holes doesn#039;t actually need another good review . with weary blase that they#039;ve already read the novel you#039;ve based a whole term around. Holes ( Holes , #1) by Louis Sachar Goodreads Holes has 774713 ratings and statement in a, 16003 reviews . PERSONALITY PROFILE? Is the book as good as the movie?? Should I . allison: dunno the where is the located in a research, whole concept of critique essay banned books is stupid. Holes Louis Sachar Google Books 1 Jun 2011 A NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW NOTABLE CHILDREN#039;S BOOK Holes is is the located in a, a book for older children, full of deep economy by bill mckibben - essay murder and mystery. Louis Sachar: Holes Fantastic Reviews book review 4 Nov 2008 Jackie Sachen Turner#039;s review of young adult novel Holes , Newbery Medal Award. Statement In A Research Paper? Louis Sachar#039;s inventive book Holes received the 1999 John into part tall tale, a pinch of magical realism, and full -of-intrigue mystery.

Holes | Kidsreads 20 Aug 1998 Review . Holes . by Louis Sachar. Essay About My Admire? HOLES , by Wayside School books author Louis Sachar, is a hilarious, frightening and clever novel that will Holes by is the thesis in a research paper, Louis Sachar | Teen Book Review | Teen Ink This miserable situation sends him on an adventure full of suspense, excitement, and humor, which is just about everything you could want from a book . Holes Summary at WikiSummaries, free book summaries 21 Jun 2017 Stanley Yelnats the 4th is essay about my admire, accused of where is the statement stealing a pair of sneakers donated to charity by a famous athlete, Clyde Livingston. He is sentenced to my admire 18 Holes Summary Book Drum Brief summary of the where thesis in a research, book Holes , by Louis Sachar. Deep Mckibben? Holes . When Stanley Yelnats is arrested for stealing the sneakers of famous baseball player Clyde Holes Book Review | Plugged In Wrongly accused of where is the in a paper stealing sneakers, Stanley Yelnats is danger of smoking, sentenced to 18 months at Camp Green Lake correctional facility. The boys there dig holes daily in the.

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Free Online Communication Skills Training | businessballs.com. Presentation Skills and Techniques. Presentations skills and public speaking skills are very useful in many aspects of work and life. Effective presentations and public speaking skills are important in business, sales and selling, training, teaching, lecturing, and where thesis in a research paper, generally feeling comfortable speaking to a group of people. Presentation Skills and Techniques. Table of contents. presentations for business, sales, and training - oral and multimedia.

Presentations skills and danger of smoking, public speaking skills are very useful in thesis statement paper, many aspects of work and life. Effective presentations and public speaking skills are important in business, sales and selling, training, teaching, lecturing, and generally feeling comfortable speaking to a group of people. Developing the and synthesis in music, confidence and capability to give good presentations, and to thesis located in a research paper stand up in front of an audience and speak well, are also extremely helpful competencies for thesis antithesis and synthesis in music self-development and social situations. Presentation skills and public speaking abilities are not limited to certain special people - anyone can give a good presentation, or perform public speaking to a professional and impressive standard. Like most specialisms, this requires preparation and practise . The formats and purposes of presentations can be very different, for example: oral (spoken), multimedia (using various media - visuals, audio, etc), powerpoint presentations, short impromptu presentations, long planned presentations, educational or training sessions, lectures, and simply giving a talk on a subject to a group on a voluntary basis for where thesis statement located research paper pleasure.

Even speeches at weddings and eulogies at funerals are types of presentations. Yet every successful presentation uses broadly the essential techniques and structures explained here. This article provides: a guide to the process of creating effective presentations , tips and deep by bill mckibben - essay, techniques for successfully delivering presentations , and explanation and methods for reducing presentation fears and stresses - notably through the use of preparation and control , to build confidence . presentations skills training - index. 1. Fear of public speaking - You are not alone - 'Fearlessness in an Assembly' 2.1 Confidence and control - Experience, preparation and rehearsal. 1. Fear of public speaking and presentations. You are not alone if the thought of speaking in public scares you. On the contrary. Everyone feels fearful of presenting and public speaking to one degree or another.

Giving a presentation is is the located in a research, very worrying for many people. Presenting or speaking to critique an audience regularly tops the list in surveys of people's top fears - more than heights, flying or dying. Here is a popular saying (which features in many presentations) about giving presentations and public speaking: Most people would prefer to is the thesis in a paper be lying in the casket rather than giving the eulogy. I first heard a speaker called Michelle Ray use this quote in the early 1990s. Bibliography Format For A Term Paper! The quote is often credited to where statement located in a Jerry Seinfeld, although the basic message is much older. For example (thanks Dr N Ashraf) the ancient Tamil work Thirukkural (also called Tirrukural) includes the mckibben, following words in its aptly titled chapter, Fearlessness in where is the thesis located in a research paper, an Assembly : Many are ready to even die in critique essay, battle, but few can face an assembly without nerves. Couplet 723, from thesis statement paper Thirukkural/Tirrukural, also called the Kural - a seminal guide to life and ethics attributed to the Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar, said to antithesis and synthesis have lived between about 200-10BC. I am grateful also to where is the thesis statement located in a paper R Ersapah for an alternative translation of couplet 723, and critique essay, below, a more modern literal interpretation: Many encountering death in face of foe will hold their ground; who speak undaunted in the council hall are rarely found. In more modern language this means:

Many indeed may (fearlessly) die in the presence of (their) foes; (but) few are those who are fearless in statement, the assembly (of the learned). In a French translation, this is: Nombreux sont ceux qui peuvent affronter la mort face a leurs ennemis; rares sont ceux qui peuvent sans crainte se tenir devant une assemblee. The title of Tirrukural's chapter 73 is: Not to dread the Council (French: Ne pas craindre les assemblees). Couplet 727 says, amusingly and incisively: The learning of of smoking essay, him who is diffident before an assembly is like the shining sword of an hermaphrodite in the presence of thesis statement located in a paper, his foes. (French: Les connaissances de celui qui a peur des auditoires sont comme l'epee tranchante que tient l'eunuque en presence de son ennemi. ) I am informed (thanks again R Ersapah) that all of about my admire father, chapter 73 fits the where thesis paper, theme of public speech being one of the greatest challenges many people face in their lives . This is thesis and synthesis in music, further evidence that speaking in public is not just a modern fear - this fear has been in humankind for at least 2,000 years. Incidentally the where is the thesis located research paper, English translation of Tirrukural comprises various chapters such as: Domestic Virtues, Ascetic Virtue, Royalty, Ministers of PERSONALITY, State, The Essentials of a State. The English Translations are by Rev Dr G U Pope and Rev W H Drew. The French translation is by statement a Mauritian author M Sangeelee. I'm always keen to receive and share old examples of public-speaking-and-fear analogies - if you know any please send them.

2. Understanding/overcoming fear of public speaking and presentations. The key to managing and controlling anything is first to understand it, especially its causes. The cause of fear is (a feeling of) insecurity and/or an my admire father unfamiliar or uncontrollable threat. In the context of presentations and public speaking this is usually due to: lack of confidence , and/or lack of control (or a feeling of not having control) - over the situation, other people (the audience) and our own reactions and statement located in a research, feelings and (in some cases) possibly a bad memory or experience from our past. The effects of these are heightened according to the size of the audience , and potentially also the nature of the audience/situation - which combine to essay represent a perceived uncontrollable threat to us at thesis, a very basic and instinctive level (which we imagine in the form or critical judgment, embarrassment, humiliation, etc). This 'audience' aspect is illustrated by PERSONALITY the following:

Most of us would not feel very fearful if required to give a presentation to where thesis a class of 30 five-year-old children, but we would feel somewhat more fearful if required to give a presentation to an interview panel of three high court judges. So audience size is not everything - it's the nature of the situation and audience too. As such audience size and situation are circumstantial factors which can influence the PROFILE, degree of anxiety, but they are not causal factors in themselves. The causes exist because of the pressure to command, control, impress, etc. The two big causal factors (low confidence and control ) stem typically from:

If we have a bad memory which is where is the located paper, triggering a fear response, then it is essay about my admire, likely that the original situation we recall, and which prompts our feelings of anxiety, resulted from one or both of the where is the statement in a research paper, above factors. Preparation and rehearsal are usually very manageable elements. It's a matter of making the effort to prepare and rehearse before the task is upon and synthesis in music, us. Presentations which do not work well usually do so because they have not been properly prepared and rehearsed. Experience can be gained simply by seeking opportunities for public speaking and presenting to people and groups, wherever you feel most comfortable (and then try speaking to where thesis statement research groups where you feel less comfortable). Given that humankind and society everywhere are arranged in all sorts of groups - schools and colleges, evening classes, voluntary groups, open-mic nights, debating societies, public meetings, conferences, the for a term paper, local pub, sports and hobby clubs, hospitals, old people's homes, etc, etc - there are countless groups everywhere of is the thesis in a research, people and potential audiences by which you can gain speaking and presenting experience - this is not so difficult to achieve.

So experience , is actually just another manageable element before the task, although more time and for a, imagination is required than in preparing and rehearsing a particular presentation. Besides these preparatory points, it's useful to consider that fear relates to stress . Stress can be managed in various ways. Understanding stress and stress management methods can be very helpful in reducing the anxiety we feel before and while giving presentations and public speaking. 2.2 Physiology, chemistry, stress - control/process. Fear of public speaking is strongly related to stress - see the where is the located in a paper, causes of stress and and stress management. A common physical reaction in people when having to speak in public is a release of adrenaline and cortisol into of smoking our systems, which is sometimes likened to drinking several cups of coffee.

Even experienced speakers feel their heart thumping very excitedly indeed. This sensational reaction to speaking in public is certainly not only felt by novices, and even some of the great professional actors and entertainers suffer with real physical sickness before taking the stage or podium. So you are not alone. Speaking in public is genuinely scary for where thesis statement located research most people, including many who outwardly seem very calm. Our primitive brain shuts down normal functions as the 'fight or flight' impulse takes over economy mckibben - essay - see FEAR under the acronymssection (note: there is some adult content among these acronyms for training and presentations). But don't worry - every person in your audience wants you to succeed. The audience is on where your side (if only because they are very pleased that it's you up there in the spotlight speaking and not them). All you need to do is follow the danger, guidelines contained on this page, and everything will be fine.

As the saying goes, don't try to get rid of the butterflies - just get them flying in formation. (Incidentally the origins this famous public-speaking/performing butterflies metaphor is typically given as There is nothing wrong with stomach butterflies! You just have to get them to fly in formation! - see the is the thesis research paper, attribution information for the butterflies metaphor on father the inspirational quotes page.) So, how do you calm the butterflies and get them flying in formation? The answer (where butterflies equate to fear ) is clear and where is the located in a paper, simple in for a term paper, the following maxim: To calm the butterflies you must be relaxed . To be relaxed you must be confident . To be confident you must be prepared and rehearsed . Good preparation is the key to confidence , which is the key to being relaxed , and this calms the butterflies,(i.e., overcomes the fear). Put another way, according to logical ' cause and effect': Good preparation and rehearsal will reduce your nerves by is the thesis statement in a research 75%, increase the likelihood of avoiding errors to 95%. (Source: Fred Pryor Organisation, a significant provider of seminars and open presentation events.) And so this is the most important rule for thesis antithesis and synthesis in music effective presentations and public speaking: Prepare , which means plan it , and practise/rehearse it . Then you'll be in control, and confident. Your audience will see this and respond accordingly, which in turn will help build your confidence, and you even start to enjoy yourself too.

And remember that there is a cumulative effect: Every successful presentation that you create and where located in a research paper, deliver generates more experience and confidence for format term you, which makes every future presentation easier and thesis statement located, more successful for you, and so it goes, until every last butterfly is PERSONALITY PROFILE, calmed. 3. Where Is The Thesis! Tips for effective presentations. 1. Preparation and knowledge (of subject and the presentation itself) are the pre-requisites for a successful presentation, which importantly produce confidence and critique essay outline, control, in turn important for where is the statement located in a research paper relaxing the presenter, and the audience. 2. As a presenter, remember and apply Eleanor Roosevelt's maxim that no-one can intimidate me without my permission. When you are a presenter you are in charge. The audience generally accepts this, and outline, you are within your rights to control anyone who does not.

3. Remember also that Depth of conviction counts more than height of where is the located research paper, logic, and enthusiasm is essay, worth more than knowledge, (which is apparently attributed to David Peebles, about whom I have no further details - please let me know if you do). Passion is therefore a very powerful component in any successful presentation. 4. Good presenting is where is the in a, about entertaining as well as conveying information. As well, people retain more if they are enjoying themselves and feeling relaxed. So whatever your subject and audience, try to find ways to make the content and delivery enjoyable - even the most serious of occasions, and the driest of subjects, can be lifted to an enjoyable or even an amusing level one way or another with a little research, imagination, and humour/humor. 5. Enjoyment and PERSONALITY PROFILE, humour are mostly in the preparation. These effects are not easily produced spontaneously. You don't need to be a natural stand-up comedian to inject enjoyment and humour into a presentation or talk. Where Thesis Statement Located In A Research! It's the content that enables it, which is very definitely within your control. 6. Research and studies generally indicate that in presentations you have between 4 - 7 seconds in which to PROFILE make a positive impact and good opening impression, so make sure you have a good, strong, solid introduction, and rehearse it until it is 'second nature' to you and an action of 'unconscious competence'.

7. Try to build your own credibility in your introduction, and create a safe comfortable environment for where is the thesis located your audience, which you will do quite naturally if you appear to be comfortable yourself . 8. Smiling helps a lot. It will relax you and the audience. In addition to giving you a relaxed calm appearance, smiling actually releases helpful 'happy' chemicals into your nervous system, and makes you feel good. 9. So does taking a few deep slow breaths make you feel relaxed - low down from the pit of your stomach - before you take to the stage. 10. Deep Mckibben! Avoid starting with a joke unless you are supremely confident - jokes are high risk things at the best of times, let alone at the start of a presentation. I was sent this excellent and simple idea for a presentation - actually used in thesis located in a paper, a job interview - which will perhaps prompt similar ideas and adaptations for your own situations. At the father, start of the presentation the letters T, E, A, and M - fridge magnets - were given to members of the audience. At the end of the where is the statement located in a research, presentation the speaker made the point that individually the letters meant little, but together they made a team. This powerful use of simple props created a wonderful connection between start and finish, and supported a concept in a memorable and critique essay, impactful way. (Thanks P Hodgson)

N.B. There is a big difference between telling a joke and injecting enjoyment and humour (US spelling, humor) into your talk. Jokes are risky. Enjoyment and humour are safe. A joke requires quite a special skill in is the statement located, its delivery. PROFILE! Joke-telling is something of an art form. Only a few people can do it well without specific training. A joke creates pressure on the audience to laugh at a critical moment.

A joke creates tension - that's why it's funny (when it works). This tension equates to an expectation in the listener, which produces a small degree of pleasure when the joke works well, but a very unhelpful awkwardness if the joke is not well-delivered or well-received. Where Is The Statement Paper! A joke also has the essay about my admire, potential to offend, and jokes are culturally very sensitive - different people like different jokes. Even experienced comedians can 'die' on stage if their jokes and delivery are at odds with the audience type or mood. On the other hand, enjoyment and humour are much more general, they not dependent on creating a tension or the expectation of a punchline. Enjoyment and humour can be injected in where is the thesis located in a, very many different ways - for example a few funny quotes or examples; a bit of audience participation; an amusing prop; an amusing picture or cartoon; an amusing story (not a joke). Another way to realise the difference between jokes and enjoyment is consider that you are merely seeking to make people smile and my admire father, be mildly amused - not to have them belly-laughing in the aisles. 11. Apologising to the audience can also affect the moods and atmospheres of presentations.

Generally try to avoid starting a presentation with an apology - unless you've really made a serious error, or an apology is part of your plans, or an intentional humorous device. Usually audiences will forgive you far more than you forgive yourself. Apologising for trivial matters can cause audiences to feel uncomfortable, and may also give the impression that you are not in control or confident. If you do have to apologise for something, make the apology briefly and clearly, and if possible try to thesis research make light of it (unless it's really serious of course). It is normal to make mistakes, and essay, even the most experienced professional speakers and presenters make mistakes, so just relax and keep calm if (when) you make one. In acknowledging minor mistakes it is usually better to keep the mood light and relaxed, with phrases such as (or similar approaches):

Observant delegates among you perhaps will have noticed (refer to thesis paper the error). Welcome everyone. Who among you has noticed my deliberate mistake. Welcome everyone. Thesis Antithesis In Music! You might have noticed the where thesis in a paper, experimental 'deliberate mistake' icebreaker this morning (refer to the mistake). Could you split into critique essay outline groups of three; analyse the where is the statement in a research paper, situation, and prepare a two-minute presentation as to how the 'corrective-action loop' might be applied to minimize the chances of this happening again.

No, seriously. 12. Try to start on time even if some of the audience is late. Waiting too long undermines your confidence, and the audience's respect for you. 13. The average attention span of an average listener is apparently (according to various sources I've seen over the years) between five and - essay, ten minutes for any single unbroken subject.

Younger 'Playstation' and is the thesis research, 'texter' generations will have even less tolerance than this, so structure your content accordingly. 14. Any audience will begin to wriggle and feel less comfortbale in PERSONALITY PROFILE, their seats after about 40 minutes of stting listening/watching. So presentations which are longer than this time should include a reason for the audience to move a little, or ideally stand up and move about, after about thesis statement paper, 40 minutes. 15.

Break up the content so that no single item takes longer than a few minutes, and between each item try to inject something amusing, amazing, remarkable or spicy - a picture, a quote, a bit of audience interaction - anything to break it up and keep people attentive. 16. Staying too long (ten minutes or more) on the same subject in the same mode of delivery will send people into PROFILE a trance-like state, when they are not properly listening, watching or concentrating on the presentation - often called the is the thesis statement located research, MEGO state (My Eyes Glaze Over). So break it up, and inject diversions and variety - in terms of content and media (the different ways you can communicate to people or engage their interest). Using a variety of PROFILE, media and movement will maintain maximum interest. Think of thesis statement located, it like this - the essay outline, audience can be stimulated via several senses - not just audio and visual (listening and watching) - consider including content and where is the statement located in a, activity which addresses the essay, other senses too - touch certainly - taste maybe, smell maybe - anything's possible if you use your imagination. The more senses you can stimulate the more your audience will remain attentive and engaged. 17. You can stimulate other things in thesis located in a research paper, your audience besides the usual 'senses'. You can use content and bibliography term, activities to stimulate feelings, emotions, memories, and even physical movement.

Simply asking the audience to stand up, or snap their fingers, or blink their eyes (assuming you give them a good reason for doing so) immediately stimulates physical awareness and involvement. Passing several props or samples around is also a great way to where is the thesis statement in a research stimulate physical activity and involvement. 18. Quotes are a wonderful and PERSONALITY, easy way to stimulate emotions and feelings, and of course quotes can be used to illustrate and located paper, emphasise just about any point or concept you can imagine. Research and collect good quotations and outline, include then in where in a paper, your notes. Memorise one or two if you can because this makes the delivery seem more powerful. See the funny quotations and inspirational quotes webpages for danger essay ideas and examples. Always credit the source of quotes you use.

Interestingly, Bobby Kennedy once famously failed to credit George Bernard Shaw when he said that Some men see things as they are and ask 'why?'; I dare to is the thesis statement located in a dream of PERSONALITY PROFILE, things that never were and ask 'why not?'. 19. Failing to attribute a quote undermines a speaker's integrity and professionalism. Conversely, giving credit to someone else is rightly seen as a positive and dignified behaviour. Having quotes and is the thesis statement located research, other devices is important to give your presentation depth and texture, as well as keeping your audience interested. If the only tool in your toolbox is critique essay outline, a hammer you'll treat everything as a nail. (Abraham Maslow) 20. So don't just speak at people. In A Research Paper! Give them a variety of content, and different methods of bibliography paper, delivery - and activities too if possible.

21. Be daring and bold and have fun. Use props and pass them around if you can. The more senses you can stimulate the more fun your audience will have and the more they'll remember. 22. Some trainers of is the thesis statement located paper, public speaking warn that passing props around can cause a loss of control or chaos. Deep Economy Mckibben! This is true, and I argue that it's good. It's far better to keep people active and where thesis statement located in a paper, engaged, even if it all needs a little additional control. Better to have an PROFILE audience slightly chaotic than bored to death. 23. Planned chaos is actually a wonderful way to keep people involved and enjoying themselves.

Clap your hands a couple of times and say calmly Okay now - let's crack on, or something similarly confident and un-phased, and you will be back in control, with the audience refreshed for another 5-10 minutes. 24. Create analogies and themes, and use props to illustrate and reinforce them. For example a bag of fresh lemons works well: they look great, they smell great, they feel great, and they're cheap, so you can give out loads and not ask for them back - all you have to do is is the statement located research, think of an excuse to use them! 25. Here are examples of fun, humour, interest, participation and diversion that you can use to bring your presentation to life, and keep your audience attentive and enjoying themselves. Some people in by bill mckibben - essay, the presentation field refer to these presentational elements as 'spice'.

Like the spice of a meal, spice in thesis statement in a research, a presentation gives it a lift - stimulates the senses, and adds texture and richness. Here are examples of the many sorts of 'spice' elements you can add to a presentation: Stories Questions and 'hands-up' feedback Pictures, cartoons and video-clips Diagrams Video-clips and father, sound-clips Surveys and statistics Straw polls (a series of hands-up votes/reactions which you record and then announce results) Inviting a volunteer to take the stage with you (for a carefully planned reason) Audience participation exercises Asking the thesis in a, audience to do something physical (clapping, deep breathing, blinking, finger-snapping, shouting, and other more inventive ideas) Asking the audience to engage with each other (for example introductions to person in essay, next chair) Funny quotations (be careful not to offend anyone) Inspirational quotations Acronyms Props, samples, physical objects (see the visual aids ideas page) Examples and case-study references Fables and analogies Prizes, awards and recognising people/achievements Book recommendations Fascinating facts (research is easy these days about virtually any subject) Statistics (which dramatically improve audience 'buy-in' if you're trying to persuade) Games and exercises and where located research paper, icebreakers body language, and format for a term, the changing tone and pitch of your voice. 26. For long presentations of where thesis statement located research paper, more than an hour or two, such as training sessions, aim to have a 'rest' break every 45-60 minutes for people to get up and stretch their legs, otherwise you'll be losing their attention regardless of the amount of variety and diversion 'spice' you include. 27.

Take the pressure off yourself by not speaking all the time. Get the audience doing things, and make use of all the communications senses available. 28. Interestingly the use of of smoking essay, visual aids generally heightens retention of the spoken word - by 70% or more. The figure is demonstrably and where thesis statement paper, substantially more than 70% for certain things, for example: try memorising a person's face from format paper purely a verbal description, compared with actually seeing the face. A verbal or written description is only fractionally as memorable as actually seeing anything which has more than a basic level of complexity. 29. Some people refer to the following figures on the subject of information retention, which are taken from Edgar Dale's theory called the Cone of Experience: Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience. N.B. The original work by statement located in a research paper Edgar Dale was considerably more than a line of statistics.

The ideas date back to about father 1946, and are subject to debate and different interpretation. Statement Located! These figures should therefore be regarded as much more symbolic than scientifically accurate, especially when quoted out of the context of Edgar Dale's wider work. 30. So use visual aids a lot in your presentations. Critique Essay Outline! Your voice is not the only or main tool at your disposal. Get visuals working fully for you, and where thesis in a, your presentations will be more engaging, and a lot easier for you to deliver and enjoy. 4. Tips for using visual aids in presentations and PERSONALITY PROFILE, public speaking. 1. For printed visual aids with several paragraphs of text, use serif fonts (a font is a typeface) for quicker readability. 2. Where Thesis In A Paper! For computer and LCD projectors use sans serif fonts, especially if the point size (letter size) is quite small.

3.Arial is a sans serif font. Times is a serif font. (A serif font has the extra little cross-lines at the ends of the strokes of the letters. Interestingly, serif fonts originated in the days of engraving, before printing, when the engraver needed a neat exit from each letter.) 4. Extensive sections of text can be read more quickly in serif font because the words have a horizontal flow, but serif fonts have a more old-fashioned traditional appearance than sans serif, and bibliography term, so stylistically can seem old-fashioned, which does not fit certain presentations. 5. If you need to comply with a company/corporate typeface (font/letter design) you'll maybe have no choice of lettering style. If you are creating and delivering the presentation for a company or organization of any sort then ask if there is a recommended/compulsory 'house' typeface, and if so, then use it, along with corporate colour/color schemes and branding. Marketing departments usually keep this information. 6. Generally try to use no more than two different typefaces (fonts) and no more than two size/bold/italic variants, or the text presentation becomes confused and very distracting to read quickly and easily. 7. Whatever - try to where is the statement research select fonts and point sizes that are the best fit for your medium and purpose.

8. If in doubt simply pick a good readable serif font and use it big and bold about 20-30pt for headings, and 14 - 16 point size for the body text. 9. Absolutely avoid using upper case (capital letters) in lots of body text, because people need to be able to read word-shapes as well as the bibliography format for a term paper, letters, and of course upper-case (capital letters) makes every word a rectangle, which takes much longer to read, and becomes uncomfortable and tiring. Where Is The Statement! Upper-case is acceptable for short headings if you really must use it, but even for headings lower-case lettering is best. If you want to emphasize some words or headings then increase the point (letter) size in headings, or embolden the words in the body text. Essay About My Admire! Also use phrasing/wording that is easy to understand quickly (by an eight-year-old child). this heading is quicker and easier to read.

And this passage can be read and understood and absorbed far more quickly and effortlessly, because your brain recognises the shapes of the words , before it reads the letters. . THAN THIS PASSAGE CAN BE READ AND UNDERSTOOD AND ABSORBED, ESPECIALLY IF YOU HAVE TO READ A FEW HUNDRED WORDS LIKE THIS; ALL BORING RECTANGULAR SHAPES; WHICH IS VERY TIRING AND FRUSTRATING INDEED. 10. See 'tricks of the trade' in the marketing and is the thesis statement, advertising section for lots of tips and secrets about presenting written/typed/electronic/printed words. 11. See also the writing tips on this website for good general guidance and tips about writing effectively, so that your audience can read, understand, and absorb what you want to communicate to my admire them. 12.

Your own written cue/prompt cards and is the research paper, notes - Create your own prompts and notes to suit your purpose and situation. Cue cards are usually very effective aids, but make sure to number them and critique, tie then together, in order . Statement In A Paper! In the pressure of a presentation it is very easy to accidentally shuffle or drop your cue cards, which is then a serious nuisance and distraction for any presenter. Essay! A single ' at-a-glance' timetable sheet is where is the statement located, a useful aid for any presenter, especially for presentations longer than half an hour, where keeping track is in music, more challenging. A timetable on one sheet is also useful to monitor your timing and pace. 5. Preparation and thesis located in a, creating your presentation - process. This is a sequential step-by-step process - a list of the main action points - for creating and PERSONALITY, preparing a successful and effective presentation - large or small. The process includes preparing, creating, checking, rehearsing, refining and finalizing the presentation. 1. Paper! Think about your audience, your aims, their expectations, the surroundings, the facilities available, and what type of presentation you are going to give (lecture style, informative, participative, etc). 2. What are your aims? To inform, inspire and entertain, maybe to demonstrate and prove, and maybe to of smoking essay persuade. 3. How do you want the audience to react?

4. Where Is The Statement In A Research! Thinking about essay about father, these things will help you ensure that your presentation is going to is the thesis statement located paper achieve its purpose. 5. Clearly identify your subject and your purpose to yourself, and then let the father, creative process take over for a while to gather all the possible ideas for subject matter and is the located research paper, how you could present it. 6. Think about essay about, interesting ways to is the thesis in a research paper convey and economy by bill mckibben - essay, illustrate and bring your points to life, so that your presentation is full of interesting things (think of these as 'spices') to stimulate as many senses as possible. A presentation is not restricted to thesis statement located paper spoken and visual words - you can use physical samples and props, sound and video, body movement, audience participation, games and questions, statistics, amazing facts, quotes, and format for a term, lots more ideas to support your points and keep the audience engaged. 7. Use brainstorming andhttps://www.businessballs.com/problem-solving-and-decision-making/brainstorming-for-team-building-and-problem-solving-how-to-109/brainstorming and 'mind-mapping' methods (mind-mapping is is the thesis in a research, sketching out ideas in extensions, like the for a term, branches of a tree, from a central idea or aim).

Both processes involve freely putting random ideas and connections on is the thesis located research a piece of paper - the bigger the sheet the better - using different coloured pens will help too. 8. Don't try to PROFILE write the presentation in detail until you have decided on the content you need and created a rough structure from your random collected ideas and material. See the brainstorming processhttps://www.businessballs.com/problem-solving-and-decision-making/brainstorming-for-team-building-and-problem-solving-how-to-109/brainstorming process - it's very helpful and is the in a, relevant for creating and writing presentations. 9. When you have all your ideas on paper, organize them into outline subject categories. Three categories often work best. Where Thesis Statement Paper! Does it flow?

Is there a logical sequence that people will follow, and which makes you feel comfortable? 10. Danger Essay! Use the 'rule of three' to structure the presentation where possible, because sets of three have a natural balance and flow. A simple approach is to have three main sections. Each section has three sub-sections. Where Statement Paper! Each of these can have three sub-sections, and so on. A 30 minute presentation is unlikely to need more than three sections, with three sub-sections each. A three day training course presentation need have no more than four levels of three, giving 81 sub-sections in bibliography format term, all. Simple!

11. Where Is The Statement Paper! Presentations almost always take longer to deliver than you imagine. 12. When you have a rough draft of PERSONALITY, your presentation you should practise it, as if you were actually in front of an audience, and is the thesis statement located paper, check the timings. Deep! If your timings are not right - (usually you will have too much material) - then you can now adjust the amount of content, and avoid unnecessarily refining sections that need to be cut out. Or if you are short of content, you can expand the is the located research paper, presentation material accordingly, or take longer to explain the format term paper, content you already have. 13. You must create a strong introduction and a strong close . 14.

You must tell people what you're going to speak about and the purpose or aim of is the statement located paper, your presentation . 15. And if you finish with a stirring quotation or a stunning statistic, you must, before this, summarise what you have spoken about and if appropriate, demand an action from your audience , even if it is to go away and think about what you have said. 16. Essentially the structure of all good presentations is to: Tell'em what you're gonna tell'em. Tell'em.

Then tell'em what you told'em. Essay Father! (Thanks N Toptani for where is the statement located suggesting that this famous quote about public speaking was originated by George Bernard Shaw) 17. When you have structured your presentation, it will have an opening, a middle with headed sections of subject matter, and bibliography format for a paper, a close, with opportunity for questions, if relevant. This is still a somewhat flat 'single-dimensional' script. Practice it in where located paper, its rough form , which is thesis antithesis, effectively a 'read-through' rather than a fully formed presentation with all aids and equipment. 18. Next you bring it to is the thesis statement located in a paper life as a fully formed presentation - give it space and life and physicality and character - by blending in your presentation methods, aids, props, and devices, as appropriate. This entails the equipment and danger of smoking, materials you use, case studies, examples, quotations, analogies, questions and answers, individual and where is the thesis in a research paper, syndicate exercises, interesting statistics, samples, visual and critique, physical aids, and any other presentation aid you think will work. This stage often requires more time than you imagine if you have to source props and materials. 19. Practice your presentation in statement research paper, rough full form with all your aids and devices.

Review and record the timings. They will be different compared to thesis and synthesis in music earlier simple read-throughs. Amend and refine the presentation accordingly. Practise at located research paper, this stage is essential to build your competence and confidence - especially in handling and managing the aids and devices you plan to use - and also to rehearse the pace and PERSONALITY, timings. You'll probably be amazed at this stage to is the statement located realise how much longer the presentation takes to deliver than you imagined when you were simply reading on your cards or notes. 20. My Admire Father! If your presentation entails audio-visual (AV) support and equipment provision by specialist providers then ensure you control the environment and where statement research paper, these services. PERSONALITY PROFILE! If there are audio-visual aspects happening that you don't understand then seek clarification. You must understand, manage and control these services - do not assume that providers know what you need - tell the providers what you want, and ask what you need to know. 21.

Ask an where thesis statement in a research paper honest and tactful friend to PERSONALITY listen and watch you practice. Ask for his/her comments about how you can improve, especially your body-language and movement, your pace and voice, and whether everything you present and say can be easily understood. If your test-listener can't make at statement located research, least a half a dozen constructive suggestions then ask someone else to watch and listen and give you feedback. 22. Refine your presentation, taking account of the feedback you receive, and your own judgment. Test the presentation again if there are major changes, and about, repeat this cycle of is the statement research, refinement and testing until you are satisfied. 23.

Produce the presentation materials and organise the equipment, and ensure you are comfortable with your method of PERSONALITY, reading from where is the thesis statement in a research paper notes, cards etc. 24. Practice your presentation it in my admire, its refined full form. Amend and refine as necessary, and if possible have a final rehearsal in the real setting, especially if the venue/situation is strange to you. 25. Take nothing for granted. Don't guess or make assumptions about thesis located in a, anything that could influence your success. Check and double-check, and antithesis in music, plan contingencies for anything that might go wrong. 26. Plan and control the is the thesis statement located in a, layout of the bibliography for a paper, room as much as you are able. Where Is The Thesis Statement Located Research! If you are a speaker at someone else's event you'll not have complete control in this, but if it's your event then take care to position yourself, your equipment and your audience and the seating plan so that it suits you and the situation.

For instance, don't lay out antithesis and synthesis in music, a room theatre-style if you want people to participate in teams; use cabaret-layout instead. Use a boardroom layout (everyone around a big long table) if you want a cooperative debating approach for a group up up to 10-12 people. Consider splitting people into sub-groups if the total group size is where is the thesis in a research, more than 10-12 people. (See guidance on format term paper managing groups sizes in the teambuilding section.) 27. Make sure, when the room/venue is prepared, that (before delegates arrive) everyone will be able to see you, and all of the where is the located paper, visual displays (screen, wipeboard, etc). 28. Make sure you understand, and if appropriate control and convey, the domestic arrangements (fire drill, catering, smoking, messages, coffee and lunch breaks etc). Outline! If you are running/starting the event, then this is your responsibility. Is The Thesis Statement Located Research Paper! It is also good to remind people of these arrangements when restarting after a lunch-break. So build these aspects into your presentation and timings if they are required.

6. Essay Father! Delivering (giving) presentations successfully. 1. The day before your presentation see again the notes about calming your butterflies - i.e., be prepared and rehearsed, be confident, calming your butterflies, and overcoming any fears you have. 2. In the half-hour before your presentation: Relax. Located Paper! If you are not relaxed then try to find a way to deep - essay become so. Think about breathing slowly and deeply. Think about calming relaxing things. Smile. Where Thesis Research! If despite all your preparations you remain scared, a good way to overcome your fear is just to do it. (Paraphrasing the format, great philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche..) What doesn't kill you makes you stronger. Statement In A! Remember you are not alone among presenters in having these feelings, and critique, the audience is on located research your side. Remember also, initial impact is danger of smoking, made and audience mood towards you is established in the first 4-7 seconds.

So go for it. 3. Start with your solid practised opening, and smile . Enjoy it. Or look like you are enjoying it. 3. Be firm, be confident and be in control; the stage is where statement research, yours, and the audience is on your side. 4. Introduce yourself and tell them what your going to tell them. Tell them why you are telling them it; why it's important, and why it's you that's telling them. 5. Tell the audience how long your presentation will last, and explain when in the presentation that the audience is able to ask questions. 6. It is generally easier to deliver and manage a presentation if you tell the father, audience to ask their questions at is the thesis statement located research, the end. For a more participative and involving presentation you can allow questions at any time, but ensure you keep firm control of your timings, and the audience.

7. If your audience is more than about 30-40 people then it can become difficult to take questions during the presentation, so for large groups, and certainly groups exceeding 100 people it's generally best to take questions at the end of the presentation. 8. By the time you've done this introduction you've established your authority, created respect and credibility, and overcome the worst of your nerves. You are probably enjoying it. If you're just giving a short presentation then by the time you've done all this you've completed a quarter of it! 9. Be aware of your own body language and deep economy by bill - essay, remember what advice you got from your friend on is the located paper your practice run. Deep Economy Mckibben! You are the most powerful visual aid of all, so use your body movement and position well. Don't stand in front of the screen when the where thesis statement located research, projector is on. 10. If people talk amongst themselves just stop and look at them. Say nothing, just look. You will be amazed at the effect, and how quickly your authority increases.

This silent tactic usually works with a chaotic audience too. 11. Critique Essay Outline! If you really need to change things during the is the thesis statement research, presentation then change them, and explain to the audience why you are doing it if that helps you and them. 12. If you want a respite or some thinking time, asking the audience a question or involving them in an exercise takes the pressure off you, and gives you a bit of breathing space. 13.

Pausing is fine. A pause tends to seems like an age when you're up there presenting, but actually the audience won't notice a pause, and will not think a pause is a mistake, unless you draw attention to it. An occasional pause is perfectly fine, and very reasonably helps you to concentrate on what you're going to say next. 14. Keep control. No-one will question your authority when you have control, so don't give it up. 15. If you don't know the answer to a question then say so and economy mckibben - essay, deal with it later. You have the right to defer questions until the end (on the grounds that you may well be covering it in the presentation later anyway, or just simply because you say so).

16. Close positively and firmly, thank the audience, and accept plaudits graciously. 7. Summary - creating and giving presentations. creating presentations - step by where thesis in a research step. This is the basic sequence of term, actions for creating and preparing a presentation up to thesis the point of actually delivering the format for a paper, presentation to is the thesis located in a research an audience: Define purpose Gather content and thesis, presentation ideas Structure the subject matter (sections, headings, order) Develop how to present it (style, elements, props, equipment) Prepare presentation (wording, design, materials, equipment) Practise and rehearsals (get feedback, refinement) Plan venue, control the environment 'Dress rehearsal' if warranted Relax and prepare yourself - confidence and control. And in a little more detail.. What's the where is the statement in a paper, purpose? For whom? What outcomes and PROFILE, reactions are you seeking? Consider the more detailed nature of:

Subject and content, audience needs, type of presentation, equipment and venue. Create and gather ideas - brainstorm, mind-map, initially random, be innovative and daring. Materials, media, exercises, case-studies, statistics, props, quotations, analogies, participation. Anticipate questions, know your subject and reference points Decide your notes system - cue cards, sheet notes.

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Modern technology is enhancing social life. Technology is indispensable in solving modern problems, enhancing social life and ensuring a better future (Diamond 240). Where Statement Paper. Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to reach among others industrial and commercial objectives of an organization or a society. It has cultural, organizational and technical aspects (Freeman and Francisco 142). Technology has become a powerful tool that is being used to improve social life and solve human problems like poverty and deceases.

In addition, technology has increased the power of human beings to control and manipulate nature thereby enhancing our ability to adapt to the environment (Global Scenario Group Report 19). Despite all the benefits of technology, it has negative side effects like unemployment. It is therefore important to assess dangers and promises of a technology in order to formulate safeguards to essay, eliminate its negative impacts or its misuse. It is also important to put limits on some technologies like biotechnology so as to thesis located in a paper, harness their full potential without lowering the dignity of human beings (Freeman and Francisco 327). Education has immense impact on a society. It trains the human mind to think and make right decisions. Through education, one acquires knowledge and information which can be used to deep economy by bill - essay, solve problems like unemployment in a society (Cisco Systems E27). Technology enhances the processes of communication, collaboration and engagement which are fundamental building blocks of education. It supports and enriches students learning experiences. It helps to deliver learning materials like interactive activities, assessments and feedbacks to a larger number of students faster and cheaper. In contrast to traditional learning methods which provide only two sources of expertise, that is, the textbook and the instructor which are limited in format and timing, online courses can contain voice, data and video which enhance understanding (Cisco Systems E30).

Technology has thus removed geographical barriers to education and improved students’ learning experiences. Technology has facilitated the formation of global communities through social networks like facebook. This has fostered social interactions independent of geographical location (Global Scenario Group Report 27). Is The Thesis Located In A Paper. The online communities enable sharing of valuable ideas and information capable of essay, increasing productivity and opportunities in a society. For example, one can post to is the thesis research, a forum to share health and treatment information with other members of the forum from critique essay outline all over is the thesis statement located research paper the world.

Though this kind of interaction is not physical, people are still able to share their social experiences and values more efficiently with people from diverse backgrounds. Technology has also helped to reduce poverty. Advancement in technology has led to new efficient sources of energy even to poor rural communities. PERSONALITY PROFILE. The availability of cheap sources of energy opens up a society to investments and economic activities (Diamond 253). For example, technology has made it possible through genetic engineering to engineer crops that convert solar energy to fuels more efficiently. Governments are thus able to provide cheaper efficient sources of energy even to poor rural communities since solar energy is available virtually anywhere in the world (Freeman and Francisco 307). Genetic engineering can also be used to where statement located, create plants that produce valuable products like silicon chips for computers efficiently.

This can result in improved income and living standards to members of a society. Critique Essay. Technology can therefore bring about social revolution by enriching villages thereby attracting people and wealth from cities (Freeman and Francisco 331). Technology enables farms in thesis research remote places to function as part of the critique, global economy. Through advancement in technology, agricultural outputs have improved thus ensuring food security. Technology helps farmers to avoid losses caused by natural disasters like drought. For example, a farmer can use a laptop enabled with a Global Positioning System to plant his or her crops with precision and efficiency resulting in high harvests. At harvest time, the farmer can use technology to co-ordinate harvesting with the availability of grain a transporter and storage facilities using mobile wireless technology. This can help to reduce losses caused by delays. The grain transporter can monitor the where is the thesis statement located research paper, vehicle in-route to maintain the PROFILE, best fuel efficiency and safe operation. In addition, through technology changes in status can be relayed to where thesis statement located in a research paper, the driver of the vehicle instantly (Cisco Systems E34). Technology has thus improved efficiency and effectiveness in the agricultural sector.

It has enabled societies to have abundant healthy food. Modern technology is also widely used in bibliography for a term the entertainment and where thesis statement in a research, travel industries. The internet has enabled people to share and enjoy many forms of recreation, regardless of their location. For example, one can explore different places interactively without having to visit them. Technology has also enabled the creation of new forms of entertainment, such as online games (Cisco Systems E36). Deep - Essay. Entertainment is important in a society since it reduce stress and problems caused by depression. Fears have been raised about some technologies such as nuclear weapons being used to cause massive destructions in the world (Freeman and Francisco 308). But the global community has the where thesis statement research, ability to enforce controls and limits on technology use to bibliography format, ensure that technology is not misused. A beneficial technology cannot therefore be abandoned when measures can be put in place to shape and direct its use. Moreover, governments in the form of regulatory institutions and professional bodies have the potential to regulate technologies that are susceptible to misuse to ensure that they do not impact negatively on values of the is the thesis in a, society (Freeman and Francisco 316).

Technology is about my admire father embedded in all aspects of our society and has extensive implications on culture and social activities. Technology has significantly improved health, agriculture, education, transport and communication sectors. These are critical sectors in any society as they contribute to development and where thesis research paper, improvement of living standards. Although some technologies might have side effects, measures can be put in place by governments and the international community to thesis antithesis and synthesis in music, ensure that all technologies are used for the benefits of the society. Analysis and evaluation. 1.The sources I used are qualified on the subject of technology and its social impacts. Cisco Corporation is a leading and credible technology firm. Its products are widely accepted all over the world. In the Cisco Corporate Social Responsibility Report of 2009 the organization outlined its key activities and where statement in a, how they contribute to the social welfare of the community. Cisco also offers certification courses that are very popular world wide. The Cisco Networking Academy Program is danger of smoking a good example of where thesis in a research, how technology can be used to danger, enhance learning experience.

In the program, the instructor provides a syllabus and establishes a preliminary schedule for completing the course content. The expertise of the instructor is supplemented with an interactive curriculum comprising of text, graphics, audio and animations. In addition, a tool called packet tracer is provided to build virtual representations of networks and emulate functions of various networking devices (Cisco Systems E31). Freeman and Francisco in their book give a lot of examples of how technology can be used to thesis statement located in a research paper, enhance social life. They also point out some side effects of modern technology and how they can be addressed. In addition, the publisher of this book, Oxford University Press is a credible publisher and the source can thus be relied on. Some social impacts of the modern technology are common in homes and workplaces. For example, the impacts of the internet on commerce are common. My Admire Father. Majority of statement in a paper, people have embraced electronic commerce and are buying goods and services online from the comfort of their homes. Electronic commerce has thus opened new doors of opportunities that are being exploited in and synthesis in music the society.

Diamond in is the thesis in a research his book explores the rise of economy by bill - essay, civilization, discussing the evolution of agriculture and technology and statement located in a research, their impact on the society. He gives clear examples of how technology has improved the social welfare of communities especially through improvements in agricultural production. Some of the examples he gives are common and can easily be related to what is going around. The Global Scenario Group report is a credible source. Its main sponsors who include Stockholm Environment Institute, Rockefeller Foundation, the Nippon Foundation, and the United Nations Environment Programme are advocacy organizations in the fields of technology and the environment. The research explored the PERSONALITY PROFILE, historical background of technology, the current situation and what the where is the thesis in a, future might look like. It gives clear examples of major scientific discoveries that are driving technology and antithesis and synthesis, their potential impacts. If I had adequate time, I would do additional research to find more information on effective measures the located in a research, international community can take to ensure that technology is PERSONALITY PROFILE not misused. I would particularly focus on tools the international community can employ to protect technology from irresponsible individuals like terrorists. This is because technology itself is not bad, but it is the human beings who in some cases use it irresponsibly.

Therefore, if correct measures and controls are put in place technology can be used for the benefit of all in where is the in a research paper the society. Essay Outline. This can eliminate fears and most of the side effects of technology. 2a. Technology shapes institutions, values and day to day activities in where is the located paper our society. It affects identities, relationships, social structures and economic activities (Freeman and Francisco 316). Technology is thus inevitable in the modern world. The internet has enhanced our social, political, commercial and personal interactions enabling us to share information and ideas more efficiently. Technology has significantly improved the quality of antithesis and synthesis in music, education. It has enabled learning materials to reach a larger number of students efficiently and where is the thesis research, cheaply. An improvement in the quality of education enhances the social life of a community since it enables individuals to make creative decisions capable of solving social problems. Technology has facilitated the formation of online communities were members can share their diverse experiences and essay, ideas.

This has the potential of increasing productivity in a society. In addition, technology has helped to reduce poverty. It has resulted in thesis statement located paper efficient sources of energy even in rural areas thereby opening up rural areas for investments and developments. Modern technology has also improved efficiency in critique essay the agricultural sector therefore ensuring food security. Moreover, I discussed how modern technology has been used in where thesis paper the entertainment and travel industries to create new forms of entertainments like online games.

Finally, I noted that although some technologies have side effects, governments and the international community have the potential to direct and essay my admire father, control the statement located research, use of technology for the benefit of the society. 2b.Some of the evidences I used include the bibliography format for a paper, Cisco Networking Academy Program which is an where is the thesis statement located in a paper example of how technology can be used to improve quality of education. The second evidence is of a farmer using a laptop enabled with a Global Positioning System to plant his crops with precision and efficiency. The example illustrates how technology can be used to improve agricultural production. The third evidence illustrates how genetic engineering can be used to engineer crops that convert solar energy to fuels more efficiently.

The energy can then be used in the rural areas to create wealth and employment opportunities. Finally, I illustrated how technology has been used in the entertainment and travel industry to create new forms of entertainment like online games. 2c.The major assumption I made is that the PROFILE, international community has the potential to control and direct the is the in a paper, use of technology. This is only possible if there is peace and cooperation among all countries of the thesis and synthesis in music, world. But this is not the case especially in the Middle East. Where Thesis Statement Located Paper. The instability in countries like Iran and the existence of extremists have increased fears of technology being used to cause massive destruction. 3.Someone might ague that technology is a problem because we rely on it so much and PROFILE, that although it makes us better it also make us worse.

My position is that in thesis statement located research paper any human community there must be control and outline, order. It is therefore the responsibility of governments to ensure that the society is protected from negative effects of technology. Some people might point out the destructive effects of technology on the environment to ague against it. But if correct measures are put in place we will be able to assess the dangers and promises of any technology in order to where thesis in a research paper, formulate effective safeguards against its side effects. Cisco Systems, Inc. Thesis And Synthesis. Cisco Corporate Social Responsibility Report. cisco.com. Cisco Systems, Inc.

2009. Web. 2009. Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of where statement located in a research, Human Societies. About My Admire. New York. W.W. Norton. Where Located In A Paper. 1999. Web. Freeman, Chris and Francisco Louca.

As Time Goes By: From the PERSONALITY, Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution. England. Is The Thesis. Oxford University Press. 2001. Web. Global Scenario Group Report. Great Transition: The Promise and Lure of the Times Ahead. gsg.org. Global Scenario Group. Web. 2002. Haven’t found what you want?

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10 Free PDF Business Plan Templates. Business plan templates come in all forms, shapes and sizes. The beauty of PDF business plan templates, however, is that users can create their own business plans while having a guide or reference point readily available in where is the thesis research paper, front of PERSONALITY PROFILE them. Whether a business owner wants to located in a paper, create his or her own business plan or replicate one, PDF business plan templates eliminate the arduous task of starting from scratch. Below are 10 PDF business plan templates to danger of smoking, help you get started. If you need a business plan template for a small business, there is no better place to look than the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA).

The SBA not only offers a Web-based business plan creator, but also a downloadable PDF business plan template from sba.gov#39;s 8(a) Business Development Program. This no-fuss, straightforward business plan template hashes out the details of where thesis statement in a paper a business, with more than 50 prompts to help users answer the questions needed for a complete business plan. [ How to Start a Business: Step-by-Step ] Another government organization, the deep economy by bill mckibben - essay U.S. Is The Located In A Paper? Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), also provides useful resources for starting a business. In addition to PERSONALITY PROFILE, offering a business plan template and financial projections charts, the VA#39;s Writing a Business Plan PDF contains information on located in a, why an in music, entrepreneur should create a business plan, basic business plan guidelines and where in a paper, tips on the do#39;s and don#39;ts of writing a business plan. Used as the official business plan for the New York StartUP! 2014 Business Plan Competition, this PDF business plan template was adapted from thesis antithesis, Successful Business Plans (The Planning Shop, 2010) by where is the statement in a research paper Rhonda Abrams. Each of the 12 sections of this business plan template includes instructions explaining what type of critique essay outline information to enter, as well as chapter references so you can look up more details. Statement Located Paper? In addition, the essay my admire father template includes a SWOT analysis and is the thesis statement in a research paper, optional technology plan. Need a quick and painless, albeit unconventional, business plan? Try the Business Entrepreneurship Center#39;s (BEC) elevator pitch business plan.

Instead of an entire business plan with typical sections written out such as executive summary, market analysis and financial projections the format term paper elevator pitch business plan template combines all these areas into one succinct paragraph. Find examples at the BEC#39;s downloadable PDF elevator pitch small business plan template. 5. The One Page Business Plan Company#39;s business plan template. Hate the idea of writing out an where thesis located in a research, entire essay for a business plan? The One Page Business Plan Company offers a one-page business plan separated into several sections vision, mission, objectives, strategies and action plans. You can answer all of critique essay outline these sections using keywords and is the thesis statement research paper, short phrases.

PDF samples of the one-page business plan template are available for download via Oprah.com. 6. $100 Startup One-Page Business Plan. Business plans don#39;t have to be complicated. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan template helps users craft a business plan by answering several short questions. You can answer each question in one or two sentences. This PDF one-page template covers everything from an overview of your business to marketing, money matters and obstacle projections. 7. Biz Kids business plan template. Biz Kids, an online portal where kids teach kids about money and business, offers a step-by-step guide to writing a business plan.

This PDF document breaks down each section with brief questions and simple formulas to help users complete the included one-page business plan template. Although the guide and plan are catered toward young entrepreneurs, these resources cover all the basics and are suitable for any type of business. 8. Rowan University College of Business#39; sample plan. Danger Essay? Thinking about starting a consulting business? Check out Rowan University#39;s sample consulting business plan template. Part of the university#39;s Center for Innovation Entrepreneurship 2013 Rohrer Business Plan Competition, this 30-page PDF business plan template is statement research a comprehensive example of what a consulting business plan entails, complete with financial charts and balance sheets. 9. iPlanner.net business plan template.

IPlanner.net, a Web-based business planning software provider, offers a simple business plan template specifically for startups. The downloadable PDF business plan template includes instructions and tips for danger of smoking essay, completing each section, as well as sample charts to is the thesis statement in a paper, help users complete the financial areas of the business plan. 10. SNIEDC fill-in-the-blank business plan. If you want to cover all of and synthesis your bases, look no further than the Seneca Nation of Indians Economic Development Company#39;s (SNIEDC) PDF fill-in-the-blank business plan template. This all-inclusive, 50-page business plan outline asks a series of questions so you can fill in each section of the business plan.

It also includes detailed financial charts and a glossary of business terms. The SNIEDC is a Salamanca, N.Y.-based organization that aims to provide financial services and working capital support for in a research paper, enrolled members of the Seneca Nation of Indians. Sara is about my admire father a tech writer with a background in where is the thesis research paper, business and marketing. After graduating from UC Irvine, she worked as a copywriter and paper, blogger for located in a paper, nonprofit organizations, tech labs and PERSONALITY, lifestyle companies. She started freelancing in 2009 and joined Business News Daily in 2013.

Follow Sara Angeles on Twitter @sara_angeles.

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essay of world war 1 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. Where Is The Located Research! And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Of Smoking! Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on where is the thesis statement research paper, 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on outline, 3 August and invaded Belgium.

France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of where thesis statement located research, France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on deep economy mckibben, Russia on 6 August. In A Paper! France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany.

Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the thesis antithesis in music, powers involved in the outbreak of where thesis statement, war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the danger of smoking essay, provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on is the thesis located paper, the road to essay about my admire war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only is the thesis research paper their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige.

These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the about my admire father, consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours.

France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in is the thesis statement located, the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values.

Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon thesis and synthesis in music events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of where thesis statement located in a research paper, 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. Bibliography For A Term Paper! In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and where statement in a paper declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in bibliography format paper, the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on where thesis located, 7 October 1915 and in music sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation.

The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for where is the statement located research, another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Critique! Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas.

They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for thesis statement located in a research, the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by outline increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.

Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and where is the thesis statement accumulating masses of quick-firing field and essay outline heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to where located in a research paper defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success.

The advance of the German armies through Belgium and deep economy by bill mckibben - essay northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of where statement located in a research, its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Critique Essay Outline! Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to where statement in a entrench. Their last attempt at bibliography format for a term a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Located Research! Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. Danger Of Smoking! German troops occupied a large area of where is the statement located, northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918.

It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and PERSONALITY more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to where is the statement research paper disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.

The failure of the my admire, Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Thesis Located In A Paper! Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the critique essay, battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on where is the research paper, the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from essay outline, 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success.

The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. Is The Thesis Statement In A Paper! But the British line held in front of Amiens and format for a later to is the in a paper the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and essay my admire returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda.

It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the where located in a research, British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in for a term, retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the thesis statement located in a paper, Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and danger of smoking essay cavalry could operate effectively.

This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in thesis research paper, the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. PROFILE! They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Where Is The Thesis Statement Located In A Research! Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia.

They also proved costly to PERSONALITY Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in located in a, the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on critique, Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of thesis statement research, 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by deep economy the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in where is the thesis statement in a, the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the thesis antithesis, Russian contribution in is the research paper, the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. Deep Mckibben! The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in statement located in a research paper, the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and father large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the in a research, Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto.

The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and danger of smoking British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to research Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.

In the deep economy mckibben - essay, Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the where is the thesis statement paper, war was characterized by the doggedness of economy mckibben - essay, Turkish resistance and by where located in a paper the constant struggle against deep by bill, climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on where thesis in a research, the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. PERSONALITY PROFILE! V. F. Is The Thesis Statement In A Research! Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of for a, Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Thesis Statement! Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war.

The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in bibliography for a, Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in where is the thesis in a paper, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by essay my admire Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and thesis statement located in a the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation.

Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and essay sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the where is the thesis statement in a, conflict made it very difficult for political and about my admire military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable.

The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of statement located research paper, naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and danger of smoking essay promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions.

Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to is the thesis statement located in a paper much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. For A! Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to located in a be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War.

This had been studied by and synthesis European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short.

They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the thesis located in a research paper, success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of PROFILE, breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of is the located in a, its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.

It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on essay, two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of where thesis, a diplomatic solution to essay my admire this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. Where Is The Thesis Statement In A Paper! A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the thesis antithesis, slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. Where Is The Thesis Statement In A Research! France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow.

Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the my admire, first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and located paper was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs.

As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on bibliography for a term, interior lines of communication in a European war. Where Statement Located In A! The efficient German railway network permitted the bibliography format paper, movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the statement in a research, sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the essay, British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig.

This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of is the statement located research, these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Danger Of Smoking! The second was Great Britain. Is The Thesis Statement Located In A Paper! German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. Danger Of Smoking! It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of paper, a great man but without the PROFILE, substance.

General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to where is the statement located in a paper take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the deep by bill - essay, Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely.

The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by is the located in a the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and bibliography term they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to is the statement located research defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. And Synthesis! British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Statement Located Paper! Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market.

British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on PERSONALITY, the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of where is the thesis in a, much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the format, German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the is the statement paper, Germans.

This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the essay, Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. Thesis Located Paper! If France was to danger prevail its allies would have to is the thesis located contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.

The British way in in music, warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. In A Research Paper! British maritime superiority would be confirmed. PROFILE! Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Where Is The Statement In A Paper! Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of bibliography paper, all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged.

The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. Where Is The Statement In A Paper! He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Economy By Bill Mckibben - Essay! There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to where thesis statement in a research arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the about father, British Empire. Is The Thesis Statement! This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the bibliography paper, Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and in a research paper resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief.

And so did the Russians. Essay About My Admire! If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and is the thesis statement research ill-equipped British armies would have to for a term paper take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of is the thesis in a paper, 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history.

They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Thesis And Synthesis! Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. Located In A Research! They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by deep - essay the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in where is the statement, France and by fighting the essay, German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in where is the statement paper, Italy just as they did on critique essay outline, the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and where thesis located research paper Italian fronts.

A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of essay outline, practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in is the thesis located research paper, the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult.

This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in bibliography format paper, fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of thesis located in a research, a century of economic, social, and political change. About! Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations.

Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and where is the thesis statement paper larger armies to critique essay outline be fed and kept in is the thesis statement located research paper, the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and essay the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the where is the located in a, First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the PERSONALITY PROFILE, Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the where statement in a paper, technological battlefield.

Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the essay my admire, war were closer in thesis statement located paper, conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is format for a difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of where thesis statement located, high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of - essay, iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. Located Research Paper! The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the danger of smoking, mode of instruction was experience.

Shell-fire was merciless to is the thesis statement research troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into PROFILE the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in where statement located in a research, order to thesis antithesis be cold, wet, rat-infested, and where is the located research paper lice-ridden. Essay Father! They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Where Is The Thesis Statement Located Paper! Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on my admire father, telephone or telegraph wires.

These were always broken by thesis in a paper shell-fire and difficult to term protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness.

Artillery was not only is the statement located in a research a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the for a paper, solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on statement research, the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. And Synthesis! The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers.

Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against where is the thesis located research, barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of danger of smoking, supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. Where Is The Statement Located In A Research Paper! In 1915, 1916, and for paper, much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the where thesis located in a research paper, Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt.

From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and thesis lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and thesis statement in a keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.

In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and antithesis bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in located paper, a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against thesis and synthesis, poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and is the thesis statement in a paper mortars, supported by tanks and danger of smoking essay ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the where in a research, instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into essay the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the is the in a paper, number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of critique, defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. Where Is The Located Research Paper! This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies.

The German system required intelligent and essay about well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and research control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in PROFILE, the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on statement located in a research paper, the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. Critique! It was a contest at which the is the statement in a research, liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into danger of smoking a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.

Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in statement paper, 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. Of Smoking Essay! 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war.

Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and where is the located paper a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and economy - essay West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of located research paper, course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Thesis Antithesis! Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of where is the statement in a paper, David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). Danger Essay! The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of where thesis statement located research paper, demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy.

Prodigies of and synthesis in music, production were achieved. Where Thesis Statement! On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and danger aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the statement located research, leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and bibliography format term paper used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the where located, equality of access to food supplies.

In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and of smoking essay industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and where statement research financial power allowed them to command the antithesis and synthesis in music, agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out located of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is bibliography format paper sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and is the statement located in a research arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home.

And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the danger of smoking essay, Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for where is the thesis located paper, a generation. Critique Essay Outline! Germany became a republic branded at where is the thesis located in a paper its birth with the stigma of outline, defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the thesis statement located in a, provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by PROFILE 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium.

They also acquired huge increases in thesis statement in a research paper, imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. PERSONALITY! The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. Where Is The Statement In A! In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.

They were also forced to critique essay accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is where is the statement paper not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of for a term paper, some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. Where Is The Thesis Statement Located In A Research Paper! The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization.

It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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History: World/Crazy Horse term paper 4835. When I think back of the stories that I have heard about is the thesis statement located in a how the. Native American Indians were driven from critique essay, their land and forced to live. on the reservations one particular event comes to where thesis statement research my mind. That event.

is the Battle of the Little Big Horn. It is one of the few times that. the Oglala Sioux made history with them being the ones who left the. battlefield as winners. When stories are told, or when the media. dares to of smoking tamper with history, it is usually the is the statement located in a American Indians who. are looked upon as the bad guys.

They are portrayed as savages who. spent their time raiding wagon trains and scalping the white settlers. just for fun. Danger Of Smoking. The media has lead us to where is the thesis statement located in a research believe that the American. government was forced to take the land from these savage Indians. We. should put the blame where it belongs, on the U.S.

Government who. lied, cheated, and stole from the Oglala forcing Crazy Horse, the. great war chief, and many other leaders to surrender their nation in. order to save the lives of their people. In the nineteenth century the most dominant nation in the western.

plains was the Sioux Nation. This nation was divided into seven. tribes: Oglala's, Brule', Minneconjou, Hunkpapa, No Bow, Two Kettle, and the Blackfoot. Of these tribes they had different band. The. Hunkpatila was one band of the Oglala's (Guttmacher 12). One of essay outline the. greatest war chiefs of all times came from this band.

His name was. Crazy Horse was not given this name, on his birth date in the. fall of where is the thesis statement in a paper 1841. He was born of his father, Crazy Horse an Oglala holy. man, and his mother a sister of and synthesis a Brule' warrior, Spotted Tail. As. the boy grew older his hair was wavy so his people gave him the. nickname of Curly (Guttmacher 23). He was to go by Curly until the. summer of in a research 1858, after a battle with the bibliography format term paper Arapaho's.

Curly's brave. charged against the Arapaho's led his father to where is the statement located research paper give Curly the of smoking name. Crazy Horse. This was the is the thesis located in a name of deep by bill his father and of many fathers. before him (Guttmacher 47).

In the 1850's, the country where the Sioux Nation lived, was. being invaded by the white settlers. This was upsetting for many of. the tribes. They did not understand the ways of the whites. When the. whites tore into the land with plows and hunted the sacred buffalo. just for the hides this went against the morale and religious beliefs. of the Sioux. The white government began to build forts. In 1851,

Fort Laramie was built along the North Platte river in Sioux territory. In 1851, the settlers began complaining of the where thesis located Indians who would. not allow them to go where they wanted. U.S. Agents drew up a treaty. that required the Indians to give safe passage to the white settlers. along the by bill - essay Oregon Trail. In return the government promised yearly.

supplies of guns, ammunition, flour, sugar, coffee, tobacco, blankets, and bacon. Thesis Statement In A. These supplies were to be provided for fifty-five years. Ten thousand Sioux gathered at PROFILE, the fort to where is the thesis located research paper listen to the words of the. white government and to be showered with gifts. In addition the. treaty wanted the Indians to allow all settlers to cross their lands. They were to divide the plains into separate territories and each. tribe was not to cross the border of their territory.

The treaty also. wanted no wars to be waged on other tribes. They wanted each Indian. nation to choose a leader that would speak for the entire nation. Many Indians did not like this treaty and only after weeks of bribery.

did the whites finally convince a sizable group of leaders to sign. The Oglala's were among those who refused (Matthiessen 6). This Treaty however did not stop the trouble between the Indians. and the settlers. The Indians however, did not cause violent trouble,

they would perhaps approach a covered wagon to trade or extract gifts. of food. Thesis Antithesis And Synthesis In Music. The most daring warrior might make away with a metal pot or. pan but nothing violent like the books and movies lead us to where is the thesis located in a research believe. The straw that broke the camels back took place on August 17, 1854 when the relations between the Indians and Whites were shattered. Among the settlers heading west was a group of Mormons and by bill mckibben as they. were passing, a few miles south of Fort Laramie, an Indian stole a.

cow. The Mormons reported this to Lieutenant Hugh B. Where Statement. Fleming, the. commander of the post. Fleming demanded that the offender, High. Forehead of the danger Minneconjou, face charges. Chief Conquering Bear. suggested that the Mormons come to is the thesis located in a his herd of ponies and pick out PROFILE the.

best pony he had to replace the cow, which to the Sioux these ponies. were their wealth. This seemed to be a very gracious offer. Fleming. would not agree and sent Lieutenant John L. Grattan to bring back the.

warrior. When Grattan arrived at Conquering Bears camp, he was given. another offer. This time they could choose five ponies from five. herds among the tribes.

Grattan refused and began to open fire. (Guttmacher 14-19). This outrageous act of war was not called for. The Mormons would have surely been satisfied with the ponies or the. money the ponies would have bought. The government just did not want. to keep the Indian-White relationship peaceful.

Crazy Horse, then. called Curly, was only thirteen when the soldiers and the Indians. fought. The Indians outnumbered the soldiers and won the battle. Crazy Horse eventually became a leader of his people. In today's. society our leaders are given money and is the thesis statement located research paper gifts but in the times of. Crazy Horse it was almost the danger of smoking opposite. He was expected to live. modestly, keep only what he needed and give away the thesis located research paper rest.

After. hunting he would give the danger of smoking needy the choicest meat and keep the stringy. meat for himself. Thesis Statement Research. He did however, have the PERSONALITY honor and prestige that. allowed him to make the decisions for located research paper, the tribe (Ambrose 125). As well as other Sioux leaders, Crazy Horse lead his people into. the Powder River country. The reason for this move was to leave. behind the bibliography term paper ways of the white man and is the located research paper continue living the ways of the. Sioux. The white man had brought to their country sickness, liquor.

and damaging lifestyles much different from the PERSONALITY lifestyles of the. In 1865, U.S. officials wanted to obtain land from the Indians. They offered many different bribes, such as gifts and liquor, to where is the thesis statement located in a research paper the. Indians who lived around the forts. They were very good at making the. sell of land seem temporary and they convinced many that what the. right thing to do was sell. The land they wanted was access land into.

the Powder River country. The government did not have the luck they. needed in obtaining the land with money or bribes. So in the summer. of 1865 they sent more than two thousand soldiers from PROFILE, Fort Laramie. into the Powder River country (Ambrose 151). In 1866 the government, knowing that the land they wanted was. worth much more, offered the Sioux fifteen thousand dollars annually. for access into Powder River country. Where Is The Statement Located. The Indians did allow whites to. use the Bozeman Trail just as they allowed immigrants to use the critique essay Holy.

Road. The U.S. Government had an obligation to where thesis statement research protect its citizens. but not to provoke a crisis. They did create a crisis when they. established forts in the heart of Oglala territory.

After conquering. the confederates the U.S. Army was full of optimism and wanted. desperately to have an all out war to exterminate the Sioux. Although. the Indians were allowing the whites to use the Bozeman Trail, the. government was not satisfied. They wanted the deep economy by bill mckibben - essay legal right to use the.

trail. E.B. Taylor, a government agent at one of the Indian Offices, tricked some of the Indian Leaders into going to where is the thesis statement in a research paper Fort Laramie in economy by bill - essay, 1866. for a treaty. He deliberately attempted to deceive them; he said. nothing about building forts along the where statement in a trail, only that they wanted to. use the Bozeman Trail. He offered them guns, ammunition, gifts plus. money. The Indians did not sell (Ambrose 213-214).

In June 1867, the government officials produced a new treaty. This treaty, like all the ones before, only promised lavish gifts to. those who would sign. One of the Oglala chiefs, Red Cloud, wanted. more for his nation than the simple gifts offered. He wanted the. troops to move from the forts; Reno, Philkearny and C.F. Smith. During the summer of 1868 his request was accepted. The troops moved.

A civil war hero William Tecumseh Sherman moved into the territory as. the new commander of the paper plains. He had plans to get the treaty. signed. His hopes were to, shut up the congressional critics, get the. Sioux to agree on a treaty and maintain the army's morale. After. negotiations were made Red Cloud lead one hundred-and twenty-five.

leaders of the Sioux nations to sign the treaty of 1868. This treaty. guaranteed absolute and undisturbed use of the Great Sioux. Reservation. No person shall ever be permitted to where thesis statement located research paper pass over, settle. upon, or reside in territory described in this article, or without. consent of the Indians pass through the same? (Matthiessen 7-8). Bibliography Format Paper. This. treaty also stated that the where is the thesis statement in a paper hunting rights on the land between the. Black Hills and outline the Big Horn Mountains as long as the grass shall.

grow and located in a research the water flows?.(Guttmacher 73). PERSONALITY PROFILE. It forced the statement in a research Indians to. be farmers and live in houses. There could be no changes made to essay the. treaty without three fourths of all adult males of the Sioux nation. agreeing (Ambrose 282). The Indians had divided into those who agreed with the treaty, the friendly? and those who wanted nothing to do with the treaty, the. hostile?. The U.S. Thesis Statement In A Paper. government did not recognize these separate.

groups. They forbid trade with the Powder River Indians until all. Indians moved to the reservation. Format Paper. This was not in the Treaty of 1868, Even though the government was getting the best part of the. treaty they were not satisfied with progress. In 1871 the Indian. Appropriation Bill was passed which stated hereafter no Indian nation.

or tribe within the United States shall be acknowledged or recognized. as an independent nation, tribe or power with whom the U.S. may. contract by treaty? (Matthiessen 7-8). General Armstrong Custer was appointed as the new commander of. the plains. He led the Seventh Calvary on a mission to subdue a band. of hostile Cheyenne.

The calvary came across an Indian village and. attacked them instead. Black Kettle, the chief of the village and his. wife were killed as they rode to surrender. This killing of 100. Cheyenne, mostly women and children, and 800 ponies was advertised as. Custer's victory against the brutal savages (Guttmacher 81-82). The U.S. Statement. Army led an expedition into the Sioux territory. According to essay outline the Treaty of where is the thesis statement located paper 1868 this expedition was not legal.

The. expedition was to survey land for the Northern Pacific Railroad. The. railroad meant progress. Essay About My Admire. (Guttmacher 81). Since the civil war the American economy was booming. Railroad. stocks led the way. On, September 18 1873, banking crashed. Farm. prices plummeted, grasshopper plaques ruined crops, yellow fever.

struck in the Mississippi Valley, and unemployment went sky high. The. government figured that it's role was to pour money into the economy. The gold supply was insufficient. President Grants solution to where is the located the. economy was to open new territory for by bill, exploration.

So in the spring. of 1874 troops were sent to is the statement open a fort in the Black Hills. The. government, exaggerated at the best or lied at the worst, said the. Indians were not keeping up their part of the PERSONALITY treaty. Custer was in. charge of this expedition. During this expedition Custer claimed that. there was gold in the Black Hills. Grant looked at this as an. opportunity to show the country he could pull them from the depression.

and he opened the Black Hills for is the statement in a research, prospecting. This broke the treaty. of 1868 again (Ambrose 343-346). The Black Hills was a sacred place. to the Sioux. It was a place where spirits dwelled, a holy place.

called Pa Sapa by the Sioux. The whites had only the crudest concept. of what the hills meant to the Indians. By 1876 ten thousand whites. lived in danger essay, Custer City, the frontier town of the southern Black Hills. Agency Indians were not living very well on located research paper, the reservations. Government agents were corrupt. Antithesis And Synthesis In Music. They would accept diseased cattle, rotten flour and wormy corn.

They would get a kickback on the. profits. The Indians were undernourished and even starving. The. agents also claimed the Indians exaggerated in their numbers just to. receive more rations.

However, in a census conducted by the. government trying to prove this, they found that the Indians were. actually claiming less (Ambrose 359). In 1876, the where thesis statement paper agencies were taken from the churches and given to. the army to control. Format Paper. This was petitioned to Washington with. statements that soldiers were obnoxious and their dislike for Indians.

was very obvious. Also the where is the located in a army was corrupting the Indians by. introducing and encouraging alcohol and gambling. The petition also. stated that all the agency troubles had been caused directly or. indirectly by the soldiers. No change in policy was done on behalf of.

these petitions (Kadlecek 33). Unwilling to pay for the Black Hills and unable to defeat the. Sioux in war, on August, 15, 1876 Congress passed the Sioux. Appropriation Bill. This bill stated that further provisions would. not be given to the Sioux until the hostiles gave up the Black Hills, Powder River country and Bighorn country.

They would also have to. move to the Missouri River in economy by bill - essay, Central Dakota or to in a paper Oklahoma. Upset. because of there defeat the Government demanded unconditional. surrender of the Sioux or they would starve those in the agencies. Red Cloud and the other chiefs were told to sign a treaty or their. people would starve. Crazy horse and Sitting Bull continued to fight. for land that was stolen from them in a misleading treaty (Ambrose. 417-418).

The Treaty of mckibben - essay 1876 was not signed by at least three fourths. of the male members of the thesis located research Sioux nation as the Treaty of 1868 had. stipulated. So they cheated by calling the treaty an Agreement?. instead of a treaty (Friswold 19). The government had changed or disturbed nearly every part of the.

Indians lives. They had taken their horses (their wealth), taken. their land, taken the buffalo and taken their tipis. They still had. their religion. They had seven ceremonial rites of which two were the. most beneficial; the Vision Quest and the Sun Dance. The Vision quest. was an bibliography for a paper individual dance and the Sun Dance a community affair. Is The In A Research. In June.

1877 the critique biggest Sun Dance seen on the reservation, twenty thousand. strong, was held to honor Crazy Horse. This was the where is the statement located last big Sun. Dance (Kadlecek 37-42). Crazy Horse was finally persuaded to bring his people in to live. on the reservation.

Crazy horse was lied to when a government. official told him that he was needed at a conference. Essay Outline. He realized. this was a trap when he saw bars on is the thesis statement research paper, the windows. He drew his knife.

and attempted to break loose. A white soldier, William Gentiles, lunged at Crazy Horse with a fixed bayonet that punctured his kidney. Crazy Horse died September, 5 1877 (Kadlecek 53). The Sioux Indians had lost nearly everything that made them a. strong nation. In 1881 the critique government prohibited all reservations. from allowing the Sun Dance. The government went against where statement located in a the First. Amendment and took away the deep economy mckibben Sioux's greatest religious ceremony. General Sherman, never known as an Indian lover, said a reservation.

was a parcel of land inhabited by Indians and surrounded by thieves?. (Matthiessen 17). This type of harassment did not stop. In 1887 the. General Allotment Act (the Dawes Act) was passed. This Act was.

designed to assist the Indians to mainstream into America. Each male. Indian was given 160 acres of land from the reservation. Of course. the excess land was taken by the government and sold to the whites. The Indians were not accustom to dealing with thieves and the majority.

of them lost their land through shady dealings (Matthiessen 17). The U.S. Government used many deceptions to obtain the land the. Indians once owned. The Sioux Indians were not treated with the most. respect to say the least.

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