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Businessplan Beautyshop / Drogerie. 2008 Global. Lieferzeit: 2-3 Tage*#xb2 oder als Sofortdownload. New Academic Cover Letter. Ma?geschneiderte Premium-Vorlagen Von Experten aus Recht und Wirtschaft Sofort-Download Sicherer Einkauf durch SSL-Zertifikat Perfekte Usability Einfach anpassbar und erweiterbar Top-Kundenservice. June 2008 Regents. „leichte Handhabung, schneller Zugriff, sehr detailliert Beschrieben“ Wenn Sie sich mit einem Beautyshop selbststandig machen wollen, brauchen Sie gute Geschaftsideen und vor allem ein durchdachtes Unternehmenskonzept. Tetrology Of Fallot. Sie sollten daher auf eine Businessplan Vorlage von uns setzen. 2008 Global. Denn wenn Sie Ihren eigenen Beautyshop eroffnen wollen, benotigen Sie mehr als umfassende Kenntnisse und Erfahrungen im Einzelhandel. Thesis Questions. Sie sollten auf ein umfassendes Businessplan Konzept setzen, das alle Erfolgsfaktoren Ihrer Grundung beleuchtet und darauf basierend eine ehrgeizige Unternehmensstrategie entwickelt. June 2008 Global. Wir analysieren bereits im Vorfeld der Eroffnung Ihres Beautyshop alle Aspekte Ihrer Grundung und stellen Ihnen einen Schritt-fur-Schritt Masterplan zur erfolgreichen Realisierung Ihrer Geschaftsideen zur Verfugung.
Wir konzentrieren uns dabei auf wesentliche Erfolgsfaktoren wie Zielgruppe, Standortanalyse, Angebotsgestaltung, Produktprogramm, Organisation, Marktanalyse, Branchenanalyse, Konkurrenzanalyse, Online-Marketing und Verkaufsforderung. So erhalten Sie von uns ein Gesamtkonzept in creative prompts schriftlich fixierter Form inklusive eines Finanzplans, mit dem Sie Kapitalgeber und Entscheider uber Fordergelder von Ihrer Shop Eroffnung uberzeugen. June 2008 Global. Uber die Erzielung von Wettbewerbsvorteilen wird Ihr Business sogar noch erfolgreicher. Technology Essay. Im Businessplan verraten wir Ihnen, wie Sie den entscheidenden Wettbewerbsvorteil erreichen. June Regents. Starten Sie jetzt – mit dem Muster Businessplan Beautyshop! Fur Ihre Existenzgrundung erhalten Sie ein komplettes Businessplan-Paket in writing prompts Form einer -Datei, welches aus 5 Teilen besteht: Teil 1: Leitfaden und Nachschlagewerk. June. Schritt fur Schritt-Anleitung zur Erstellung eines professionellen Businessplans/Finanzplans und hilfreiches Nachschlagewerk Unverzichtbar zur Risikominimierung und zum Treffen der richtigen Entscheidungen Mit vielen wertvollen Tipps, Beispielen und Informationen, die Sie zur Grundung Ihres Unternehmens unbedingt brauchen Logisch aufgebaut und selbst fur Nicht-Kaufleute schlussig formuliert und verstandlich abgefasst Umfang ca. Thesis In Music. 30 DIN A4 Seiten. Dbq Essay. Teil 2: Businessplan Beautyshop. Vollstandig ausformulierter Businessplan, bestehend aus Textteil (Businessplan) und Finanzteil (betriebswirtschaftliche Planung) Stellt Ihre Geschaftsidee vor und gibt detailliert Antwort auf alle strategischen Fragestellungen, die mit Grundung und erfolgreicher Fuhrung Ihres Unternehmens verbunden sind Mit aufwandig recherchierten Markt- und Branchendaten, individuell und exakt fur Ihren Markt/ Ihre Branche erarbeitet und optisch ansprechend aufbereitet Wir vermitteln Ihnen ein tiefgreifendes Verstandnis fur den Markt/Branche (z.B. Antithesis In Music. Marktvolumen, Marktsegmente, Umsatz- und Preisentwicklung, Kundenverhalten, Markt- und Branchenkennzahlen, Trends Zukunftsprognosen) und stellen Ihre Unternehmensgrundung damit auf ein solides und faktenbasiertes Fundament Individualisierung, d.h. 2008 Global. Anpassung auf Ihre Situation (z.B.
Standort und Wettbewerber) ist mit wenig Aufwand moglich und prazise erklart Umfang ca. Cover Letter. 50 DIN A4 Seiten. June 2008 Global. Management Summary (kurzer Uberblick uber den gesamten Businessplan) Geschaftsmodell (Produkt- und Leistungsprogramm, Zielgruppen, Kundennutzen) Unternehmen (Ziele, Standort, Rechtsform, Organisation) Markt-/Wettbewerbsanalyse (Marktanalyse, Branchenanalyse, Ansatze zur Erzielung von Wettbewerbsvorteilen) Marketingstrategie (Preisgestaltung, Vertriebskonzept, Verkaufsforderung) Finanzplan (Kapitalbedarfsplan, Finanzierungsplan, Umsatzplan, Kostenplan, Rentabilitats-plan, Liquiditatsplan) Chancen und Risiken Meilensteine. Therapy. Bereits mit branchentypischem Zahlenmaterial fur Sie fertiggestellt Bei Bedarf einfache Anpassung durch Schritt-fur-Schritt Anleitung gewahrleistet Die Tabellen sind vorprogrammiert. June 2008 Dbq Essay. Auf diese Weise werden viele Kennzahlen/Grafiken automatisch berechnet/erstellt Simulation Ihres Geschaftserfolgs uber Jahre hinweg moglich. Tetrology Paper. Sie entwickeln schnell ein Gespur fur Ihr Geschaft und die Mechanismen der Branche Erfullt alle Voraussetzungen fur die Gewahrung von Fordergeldern oder Krediten (IHK, Arbeitsamt, KfW, Banken, etc.) Kapitalbedarfsplan: Aufstellung des benotigten Kapitalbedarfs, der fur die Errichtung und Eroffnung Ihres Unternehmens erforderlich ist Finanzierungsplan: Zusammenstellung der finanziellen Mittel, aus denen der ermittelte Kapitalbedarf gedeckt wird.
Vermittelt einen genauen Uberblick, wie Ihr Vorhaben finanziert wird Umsatzplan: Auflistung der zu erwartenden Umsatze, die Sie mit Ihrem Unternehmen erzielen Kostenplan: Planung aller zu erwartenden Kosten, die mit dem Betrieb Ihres Unternehmens verbunden sind Rentabilitatsplan: Ubersicht, wann und in 2008 regents welcher Hohe Ihr Unternehmen Gewinne erwirtschaftet Liquiditatsplan: Gibt Auskunft uber vorhandene Zahlungsmittel zur Sicherstellung der Zahlungsfahigkeit. Creative Writing Therapy Prompts. Teil 4: Businessplan Prasentation. June. Highlight zur Vermarktung Ihrer Geschaftsidee, z.B. Antithesis. gegenuber Kapitalgebern, Kunden oder Mitarbeitern Nutzen Sie die Prasentation ab dem ersten Tag Ihrer Grundung als aktives Marketing-Instrument Uberzeugen und begeistern Sie Ihre zukunftigen Geschaftspartner! Umfang ca. June Global Regents Dbq Essay. 40 Folien (Slides) Teil 5: Bonusmaterial. Thesis Defense. Sinnvoll zusammengestelltes Zusatzmaterial zur Erleichterung Ihres Starts in regents dbq essay die Selbst-standigkeit und zur Unterstutzung des operativen Geschafts Inhalt: Vorlagen, Musterdokumente und -vertrage, Arbeitshilfen, Checklisten, Ratgeber, Gesetzestexte, u.v.m. Where Statement Located In An. Spart Zeit und Geld und steigert somit die Effizienz. June Global. Zusammengefasst noch einige Fragen, die haufig an creative prompts, uns gestellt werden und auf die Sie im vorliegenden Businessplan gezielt Antwort erhalten: Wer ist die Zielgruppe fur mein Geschaft? Wie identifiziere ich den besten Standort und wie analysiere ich den Wettbewerb?
Welche Produkte biete ich an june global dbq essay, und wie kalkuliere ich meine Verkaufspreise? Wie viele Produkte muss ich verkaufen um Gewinne zu erzielen? Wie gelange ich schnell an antithesis and synthesis in music, Auftrage und Kunden und wie betreibe ich effizientes Marketing? Wie hebe ich mich fur potentielle Kunden erkennbar vom Wettbewerb ab und wie erreiche ich Wettbewerbsvorteile? Welche Moglichkeiten zur Individualisierung bestehen und wie gelange ich zu einer Corporate Identity? Wie funktioniert modernes Social Media Marketing und wie nutze ich meine Website zur Kundengewinnung? Wie baue ich einen erfolgreichen Online-Shop auf und wie optimiere ich diesen fur Suchmaschinen (Google etc.)? Was kostet meine Unternehmensgrundung und wie wird diese finanziert? Welche Fordermittel stehen fur meine Grundung zur Verfugung? Welche Versicherungen werden benotigt?
Mit welchem Gehalt als Unternehmer kann ich rechnen und wie ermittle ich dieses? Welche Trends bestehen in june regents meiner Branche und wie sieht die Zukunftsperspektive fur meine Grundung aus? Dieses Angebot richtet sich neben Existenzgrundern auch an antithesis and synthesis in music, bereits bestehende Unternehmen. 2008 Global. Diese konnen ebenfalls von unseren Businessplan-Konzepten profitieren, indem bestehende Prozesse, Methoden und Strategien uberpruft und ggfs. Questions. angepasst bzw. 2008 Global Regents Dbq Essay. aktualisiert werden. *#xb2; gilt fur Lieferungen innerhalb Deutschlands, Lieferzeiten fur andere Lander entnehmen Sie bitte der Schaltflache mit den Versandinformationen. Cover. Telefonische Unterstützung und Beratung unter:
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onion math homework This packet is a 4th Grade Treasures Resources for “The Astronaut and the Onion.” These resources compliment 4th grade Treasures (Unit 1 Week 4) “The Astronaut and the Onion”. 2008 Dbq Essay! If you do not use the Treasures Curriculum, these packets can be used for therapy, the skills. Resources include: Spelling word cards Vocabulary cards Genre, Theme, and global, Comprehension Strategy Posters Graphic Organizer Vocabulary Match up Vocabulary Scrunchy Vocabulary Dominoes Vocabulary fill in the blank Roll a Vocabulary. Common Core Activties to Accompany Astronaut and advisor cover, the Onion. This is a Common Core aligned research activity on astronauts and the Space Shuttle. It is meant to accompany the story, Astronaut and the Onion, but could be used independently. June Global! Students will explore the Greek roots: astro and naut. They will read a non-fiction article on Mae Jemison and support statements with evidence from the text.
They will also visit NASA's website and look at astronaut biographies. They will work together to compile lists of experiences and qualifications. Astronaut the Onion Vocabulary Activities. This packet works great with Unit 1 Week 4of Treasures: The Astronaut the is the statement located article Onion Character Trait Activities Long i Word Sort Character Trait Poster with Introduction Activity Foldable Templates Graphic Organizer to go with any story for review Character Traits. Space Report Activity Vocabulary Activities Matching Vocab. Global Regents Dbq Essay! Cards Vocab. Cards with picture clues. Vocabulary Printable Foldable. The Astronaut and the Onion Treasures Foldable Vocab. This document is to be used with the Treasures Reading Series for writing, 4th grade – Unit 1 Week 4: The Astronaut and the Onion.. The first 2 pages of june 2008 regents, this file can be copied front to back and creative writing therapy, then folded into june global regents dbq essay, a foldable.
It covers the defense questions comprehension strategy (Summarize) and 2008 global dbq essay, the comprehension skill (Character) for the week. It specifically covers weekly vocabulary, using a dictionary, locating text evidence, critical thinking questions, and context clues. The 3rd page is a place for students to. The Astronaut and therapy, The Onion Trifold Treasures grade 4. Common Core Trifolds to the storyThe Astronaut and june 2008, the Onion. Master's! Students will answer questions about character traits, character feelings, summarize, and june regents dbq essay, author's purpose. This is an engaging and tetrology paper, non threatening way to june global regents dbq essay, get the students to answer questions that you want them to tetrology of fallot term, answer because they see only one question at a time, helping them focus on that one question and not a whole worksheet, and making sure they give their text support which is imparitive to comprehension.
This 12 slide animated lesson introduces the story The Astronaut and the Onion by ann Cameron by reviewing vocabulary, reading strategy, and specific skill focus for the lesson. The font for this presentation is Grinched, and can be downloaded for free at june global regents, http://www.fonts4free.net/grinched-font.html. The Astronaut and the Onion Vocabulary and essay, Grammar Assessment. Use with 4th grade California Treasures, Unit 1: Week 4 (or any other language arts program that features this story). June Global Regents! Includes assessment for both the weekly vocabulary and where thesis statement located in an article, grammar lessons (complex sentences and conjunctions). Includes answer key. Treasures Unit 1 reading - The Astronaut and 2008 global, the Onion. This powerpoint presentation focuses on the Strategy of Making Inferences and Analyzing and the Skill of Character. Students will fill in a Character Web while reading the story, The Astronaut and the Onion. The Astronaut and the Onion Trifold - Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Week 4 (2011)
This is term paper, a trifold for global regents, the story The Astronaut and the Onion for thesis, the 4th grade Treasures series (2011). I also have the 2009 version already completed. Please make sure this is the correct version for you before purchasing! Included are two versions - one with page numbers, one without. CA Treasures The Astronaut and the Onion Grade 4 Unit 1 (Common Core Standards) The CA Treasures, Grade 4, Unit 1, The Astronaut and the Onion Common Core Standards (CCS) resource is a teacher resource that supports the global dbq essay Macmillan/McGraw Hill California Treasures English Language Arts adoption and where statement in an, is aligned to the Common Core Standards. The resources were created for teachers, by teachers with an emphasis on alignment to june regents, the textbook, using images to build background knowledge, and new academic advisor cover letter, providing a high-quality professional and comprehensive resource that integrates technology. Trifolds for The Astronaut and the Onion Treasures grade 4. Common Core Trifolds for all 3 leveled readers to the storyThe Astronaut and the Onion. Students will answer questions about june, genre, summarizing, predicting, making connections, and creative writing prompts, Comparing.
This is an engaging and 2008 dbq essay, non threatening way to get the new academic advisor students to answer questions that you want them to answer because they see only regents dbq essay one question at a time, helping them focus on that one question and term paper, not a whole worksheet, and making sure they give their text support which is imparitive to comprehension. Texas Treasures: The Astronaut and the Onion STAAR aligned assessment. This is june 2008 dbq essay, a STAAR aligned assessment for use with the Texas Treasures reading program. I have also seen this book as a stand alone in where thesis located my school's library. Help your students become experienced in the question types and wording of the STAAR test one unit at a time.
I will be adding more of these types in English and Spanish as the june 2008 dbq essay year moves along. The Astronaut and the Onion Centers and Charts. Unit 1 Week 4 Here is cover letter, your complete pack for small group/center activities for your classroom! This resource aligns with Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Treasures 2011 Reading Series for 4th grade. June Regents Dbq Essay! Your students will stay engaged with these centers that focus on every aspect of thesis antithesis and synthesis, this reading series. PLUS, you get essential questions and classroom charts to make learning accessible to your students. June Global Regents Dbq Essay! What's Inside: Centers: -Word Work: Sorting Mats - Long vowel I -Words to Know: Vocabulary. The Astronaut and the Onion Vocabulary Test. This test aligns with Treasures Unit 1 Week 4 vocabulary words from the new academic advisor letter story The Astronaut and the Onion.
The test includes a multiple choice section and fill-in-the-blank section. An answer key is 2008 global regents dbq essay, included! Click here for more The Astronaut and the Onion resources -Centers and Charts! The Astronaut and the Onion Trifold - Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Week 4 (2009) This is a trifold that can be done independently or in small groups for the story The Astronaut and the Onion of the 4th grade Treasures series. This is the 2009 version of the Treasures series. I also have the 2011 version already completed. Please make sure this is the is the thesis in an correct version for you before purchasing!
Included are two versions - one with page numbers and one without. Treasures Unit 1 Vocabulary - Astronaut and the Onion. In this powerpoint students are given the opportunity to use context clues in sentences and global regents, pictures to help determine the meaning of the vocabulary words from The Astronaut and the Onion. The Astronaut and the Onion Comprehension Assessment. Use with 4th grade California Treasures, Unit 1: Week 4 or any other language arts program that features this story. Master's! Includes several multiple choice questions, several short answer questions, and 2008 regents dbq essay, a section for students to write a brief summary. (Answer key in the Progress Monitoring Guide.) Center Activities for three levels- approaching, on and above for 4 days of The Astronaut and thesis located in an, the Onion. Unit 1 Week 4. The Astronaut and the Onion - Vocabulary. This 8 slide animated lesson introduces the vocabulary for the story The Astronaut and the Onion by Ann Cameron with definitions, example sentences, picture clues, and connection questions.
The font for this presentation is Grinched, and june global regents dbq essay, can be downloaded for free at http://www.fonts4free.net/grinched-font.html. The Astronaut and the Onion - Comprehension Check. Astronaut and the Onion - Treasures Unit 1 Vocabulary. Take a digital approach towards learning the weekly vocabulary. This powerpoint presentation introduces the vocabulary from new academic letter Astronaut and the Onion using fun and engaging illustrations as well as meaningful sentences, definitions and parts of speech. 2008! Your students are sure to learn these words and remember them! The Astronaut and thesis statement in an, the Onion Power Point. I used these to teach/discuss each story from the 4th grade Treasures Reading series. Treasures 4th Grade Full Year Bundle Unit 1 - 6. This bundle is packed full of global regents dbq essay, engaging activities perfect for whole group, CENTERS, EARLY FINISHERS, HOMEWORK, ELA ROTATIONS, STATIONS.
Great for SUB PLANS too:) This bundle contains a variety of where statement in an, activities to teach, re-teach, practice or assess the june global regents dbq essay various lessons taught within each unit of the Treasures for Fourth Grade. Thesis Defense! All themes for the six units are included in this bundle. A list of global regents, these units and stories are: Unit 1 Let’s Explore: The Mystery of the Missing Lunch, A Walk in. Treasures 4th Grade Trifold Bundle (2011) Included are trifolds for the Treasures 4th Grade series (2011). I also have the essay 2009 version already completed.
Please make sure this is the correct version for you before purchasing! Included are two versions - one with page numbers and one without because there may be different versions of the june text book for different states. If yours is different, please write in the page numbers on the blank pages. Stories included are: Unit 1: My Diary From Here To There The Adventures of Ali Baba. This 13 slide interactive animated lesson Introduces Complex Sentences and Clauses. It corresponds to the MMH Treasures Grammar lesson for Grade 4 Unit 1 - The Astronaut and the Onion The font used in this presentation is Cheri, and can be downloaded for free at http://www.dafont.com/cheri.font . Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Supplemental Materials Bundle. This bundle is packed full of engaging activities perfect for whole group, CENTERS, EARLY FINISHERS, HOMEWORK, ELA ROTATIONS, STATIONS. Great for SUB PLANS too:) This bundle contains a variety of activities to teach, re-teach, practice or assess the various lessons taught.
Each activity is unique to each theme. Included in this packet is the following: Theme 1- Mysteries • “The Mystery of the Missing Lunch”- Mystery Anthology o Crossword Puzzle( Vocabulary Development) o Answer Key. Treasures 4th Grade Units 1, 2, 3 Supplemental Materials Bundle. This bundle is tetrology of fallot term, packed full of 2008 regents, engaging activities perfect for whole group, CENTERS, EARLY FINISHERS, HOMEWORK, ELA ROTATIONS, STATIONS. Great for SUB PLANS too:) This bundle contains a variety of activities to teach, re-teach, practice or assess the various lessons taught within each unit of the Treasures book for Fourth Grade. Thesis Antithesis In Music! All themes for the three units are included in this bundle. A list of these units and stories are: Unit 1: Let’s Explore - (The Mystery of the Missing Lunch, Treasures Basal Organizers Fourth Grade.
These 4th Grade Treasures Organizers accompany the Treasures basal put out by MacMillan/McGraw-Hill in june 2008 regents dbq essay 2007. New Academic Cover! There are 19 organizers with answer keys that comprise 248 pages. These organizers contain five sections for the students (although teachers are responsible for june dbq essay, the first section, and that is the teaching of the thesis statement in an vocabulary). However, the kids immediately get to see the vocabulary in context before reading. 2008 Regents Dbq Essay! The five sections are vocabulary, comprehension, compare and contrast, fluency. Treasures 4th Grade Cloze Worksheets and master's defense questions, Crossword Puzzles Bundle. This package contains CLOZE (fill in the blank) worksheets and june global, Crossword Puzzles to teach, re-teach, practice, or assess vocabulary in the fourth grade Treasures anthologies from units 1 through 6. We have used these puzzles to challenge students, to enrich and engage learning, and as a center or centers with teacher or parent helpers to teach and provide practice for reading vocabulary and definitions. This bundle combines 2 products into 1 for a great value!. Also included is the. Treasures 4th Grade Crossword Puzzles Unit 1 - 6 Full Year.
These crosswords puzzles are used to teach, re-teach, practice, or assess vocabulary in the fourth grade Treasures reading units 1 though 6(all units for master's defense questions, the entire year- each unit and story are listed below). Each unit contains a crossword puzzle, an answer key, and word bank for each story in each unit - see the units and 2008 global dbq essay, stories listed below. We have used these puzzles to challenge students, to enrich and engage learning, and as a center or centers with teacher or parent helpers to teach and. Treasures 4th Grade Cloze - Fill in the Blank Worksheets Unit 1 - 6. This bundle contains CLOZE (fill in writing therapy the blank) worksheets to teach, re-teach, practice, or assess vocabulary in june regents dbq essay the fourth grade Treasures anthologies from units 1 through 6 (all units for antithesis in music, the entire year- each unit and story are listed below).
Also included is the june dbq essay corresponding answer key for is good essay, each worksheet. June 2008 Regents Dbq Essay! When we developed these worksheets we used all of the key vocabulary words and advisor, some supplemental words. Some of the words were used within the context of each story, and some of the words. 4th Grade Treasures Comprehension Games Units 1-3. I have had a specific request for this bundle. Global Regents Dbq Essay! It is for Treasures Reading Series-4th Grade.
It compliments the Main Selection weekly stories. This packet includes all the main selections for Units 1, 2, and 3, except for Week 3 stories, Time for new academic advisor cover letter, Kids. 2008 Regents! If you have purchased my weekly skill units for 4th grade Treasures then you already have these included with those units. Resourses Include: Comprehension Game Board including questions and answer key. Comprehension Game follows the. Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Trifold Bundle (2011) Included are trifolds for defense, the Treasures 4th Grade series unit 1 (2011). I also have the 2009 version already completed. Please make sure this is the correct version for you before purchasing!
Stories included are: My Diary From Here To There The Adventures of Ali Baba Bernstein Kid Reporters at june 2008 global, Work The Astronaut and the Onion Because of Winn Dixie Included are two versions - one with page numbers, one without. 4th grade Treasures Reading Series Unit 1 Vocabulary Match Up. This file compliments 4th grade Treasures Reading Series vocabulary. This file is for of fallot paper, a matching game. It includes vocabulary for the following stories: The Mystery of the Missing Lunch A walk in the Desert Animals Come Home to Our National Parks The Astronaut and the Onion The Raft Thanks for your purchase! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. 4th grade Treasures Reading Bundled-Unit 1. These packets are for 4th grade Treasures Resources. This bundle includes Unit 1. Mystery of the Missing Lunch, A Walk in june 2008 regents the Desert, Animals Come Home to new academic advisor cover, Parks, The Astronaut and the Onion, The Raft. June 2008 Global Dbq Essay! If these were purchased separately it would cost $35.00.
That's a savings of and synthesis, $10.00 per Unit. Mystery of the Missing Lunch Resources include: Spelling word cards Vocabulary cards Genre, Theme, and Comprehension Strategy Posters Graphic Organizer Vocabulary Match up Vocabulary Scrunchy Vocabulary. Treasures 4th Grade Trifolds Bundle (2009) Included are trifolds for the Treasures 4th Grade series (2009). I also have the 2011 version already completed. Please make sure this is the global regents dbq essay correct version for you before purchasing! Included are two versions - one with page numbers, one without. Stories included are: Unit 1: The Mystery of the creative therapy Missing Lunch A Walk in the Desert Animals Come Home to Our National Parks The Astronaut and the Onion The Raft Unit 2: Mighty Jackie My Diary From Here To There Stealing Beauty How Ben. #039;Treasures#039; Grade 4 Vocabulary Cards: Unit 1. Cards that work with the Treasures reading program.
The cards are meant to be used with Unit 1 of grade 4, but can be used without the 2008 regents dbq essay reading program. Tetrology Of Fallot! They can be used for matching, memory, go fish, or other types of classroom games. Stories include The Mystery of the Missing Lunch, A Walk in the Desert, Animals Come Home to june 2008 global regents dbq essay, Our National Park, The Astronaut and the Onion and The Raft. Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Spelling, Homework, and Vocabulary. Included are: Spelling lists Spelling homework (3x each, alphabetical order, sentences) Vocabulary lists for definitions All for Unit 1 of the fourth grade Treasures program. Stories covered: My Diary From Here To There, The Adventures of thesis article, Ali Baba Bernstein, Kid Reporters at Work, The Astronaut and the Onion, and Because of Winn Dixie. California Treasures 4th Grade Trifolds Bundle.
Included are trifolds for the California Treasures 4th Grade series. Please make sure this is the 2008 regents correct version for thesis, you before purchasing! Included are two versions - one with page numbers and one without because there may be different versions of the text book for different states. If yours is different, please write in the page numbers on 2008 dbq essay, the blank pages. Stories included are: Unit 1: My Diary From Here To There The Adventures of Ali Baba Bernstein Kid Reporters at Work The Astronaut.
Kid Reporters at Work story Treasures grade 4. Common Core questions to the storyThe Astronaut and master's defense, the Onion. Students will answer questions about genre, summarizing, what you know and want to know, main idea, inferencing, and text structure. Global! This is an writing engaging and non threatening way to get the students to answer questions that you want them to answer because they see only one question at a time, helping them focus on that one question and june 2008 global, not a whole worksheet, and making sure they give their text support which is imparitive to. 4th Grade Treasures Unit 1 Vocabulary Tests Bundle. **Don't miss out on questions, this money saving bundle!** This bundle includes all of the vocabulary tests for Treasures 2011 Reading Series Unit 1. June 2008 Global Regents! Stories include -My Diary From Here to There -The Adventures of Ali Baba Bernstein -Kid Reporters at Work -The Astronaut and creative writing, the Onion -Because of Winn Dixie Each test includes mutliple choice and june regents, fill-in-the-blank sections, complete with answer key. Easy to print and quick to grade! Check out new academic letter, my store for regents dbq essay, other Unit 1 resources for Treasures! Center Activities for three levels- approaching, on tetrology of fallot term, and above for 4 days of The Astronaut and the Onion. Unit 1 Week 4. Treasures 4th Grade Unit 1 Trifold Bundle - 2009 Version.
This is a bundle set of the june 2008 dbq essay trifolds for tetrology of fallot, Unit 1 of the 4th Grade Treasures reading series. This is based on the 2009 version. I also have the 2011 version already completed. June Global Regents! Please make sure this is the new academic cover correct version for june, you before purchasing! Included are two versions - one with page numbers and one without. The Mystery of the Missing Lunch A Walk in the Desert Animals Come Home to Our National Parks The Astronaut and the Onion The Raft.
4th Grade Treasures Reading Vocabulary Dominoes. This file compliments 4th grade Treasures Reading Series vocabulary. This file is for antithesis, learning vocabulary in a Domino Game. It includes vocabulary for the following stories: The Mystery of the Missing Lunch A Walk in june 2008 global regents dbq essay the Desert Animals Come Home to Our National Parks The Astronaut and the Onion The Raft Mighty Jackie My Diary Stealing Beauty How Ben Franklin Stole the technology essay Lightening Dear Mr. Winston Roadrunner’s Dance My Brother Martin Kid Reporters at Work Mystic Horse Snowflake Bentley Dear Mrs. Long i Bingo Game, 4th Grade Treasures, Spelling Patterns.
This document includes 10 Bingo cards, each containing 25 long i words. June 2008 Regents! All of the defense questions Bingo cards contain the same words, but they have been arranged differently on each card to create 10 unique Bingo boards. A master list of words is june 2008 global dbq essay, provided for the game caller. This game was created to defense questions, be used with the long i spelling/phonics lesson in the 4th Grade Treasures Curriculum. In NM Treasures this lesson is june 2008 global dbq essay, aligned with the story The Astronaut and the Onion. Long i Bingo is a great way to. Grade 4 Treasures Unit 1 Vocabulary Pinch Cards and Slideshows. This is based off of the 2011 edition of Grade 4 Treasures. Tetrology! Unit 1 texts include: My Diary from global Here to There, The Adventures of Ali Baba Bernstein, Kid Reporters at is the located, Work, The Astronaut and the Onion, and june regents dbq essay, Because of Winn-Dixie.
Possible Uses: * Play Vocabulary Slideshow. All pupil response while pinching vocabulary word that matches picture on screen. Have students justify choice. * Play Vocabulary Slideshow. Post vocabulary words around the tetrology of fallot room. All pupil response when students move. This huge bundle has 480+ images. This bundle contains 26 sets of clipart, plus a bonus set of 2008 dbq essay, blank circle tile frames. Each letter has 8 different images plus one letter tile. Please download the free preview file for a better look at thesis antithesis, all the images included!! Included are the following images for each letter in color and blackline versions (as well as a letter circle tile for each letter): Letter A: airplane, astronaut, apple, acorn, angel, ant, alligator arrow Letter B: bear, bee, bed, This is a large collection of 26 alphabet clipart sets with illustrations of items that begin with each letter. *The images in the letter X set either begin or end with X. TOTAL of 636 images (318 in color and the same 318 in BW) When you purchase this bundle, you are receiving these sets at a huge discount. (Valued at $115 when you buy the sets separately) The images in each set are: A - airplane, alligator, American, actor, arrow, abacus, ask, antlers, ambulance, acorn, astronaut,
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Abortion is 2008 global Morally Right Only to Save the Life of the advisor cover, Mother. Abortion is Morally Right Only to Save the Life of the Mother. The birth of a child is supposed to be a joyous event. June 2008. Often, however, the facts do not conform to that ideal. Technology Is Good. Currently, about 1.5 million American women are terminating a pregnancy by induced abortion each year (Rubin 1994).
Despite these statistics (some might say because of global regents dbq essay, these statistics) the abortion question continues to stir strong emotions. New Academic Letter. The emerging rights of the unborn, where they conflict with the health and personal interests of the mother, present complex questions, especially where the rights pertaining to viability conflict with the choices of the pregnant woman. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists#8217; Committee on Ethics issued a statement in 1987 asserting that “the maternal-fetal relationship remains a unique one, requiring a balance of maternal health, autonomy, and june global dbq essay fetal needs. Need essay sample on Abortion is new academic cover letter Morally Right Only to june global regents, Save the Life of the Mother ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Every reasonable effort should be made to protect the master's thesis, fetus, but the pregnant woman#8217;s health should be respected” (Speckhard Rue 96). The well-being of a woman always must be recognized as of june regents dbq essay, intrinsic value in statement any appeal to intrinsic value in a moral analysis of abortion. There are outlooks that advocate that abortion should always be prohibited, even if it is to save the life of the mother.
Other outlooks say that though the value of fetal life is an important dimension of the moral question about abortion, it is not the sole or singular issue. I argue that mother’s physical health is morally significant and is the only factor that may warrant the termination of pregnancy. From an Existentialism point of view an june global regents actual case of moral reasoning needs the technology essay, simple outline. The outline may even be entertained as a metaphor, depicting our thoughts as we move from deeper rules and principles to practical cases of moral action. The outline is still helpful in arranging various moral arguments for and against abortion. Both sides on the abortion issue, for example, respect human life and accept rules prohibiting the killing of human beings. (Were this not so, abortion would be easier to resolve and less interesting an issue one side could simply be labeled as killers and the label would be accepted by both sides). The disagreements over abortion occur on minor premises and the role of such premises in deriving either a pro-choice or anti-abortion conclusion. Two separate and antagonistic ideological trends threaten women#8217;s capacity to come to grips with the 2008 dbq essay, morality of abortion and to formulate an adequate ethic of procreative choice. Addressing the moral meaning of procreative choice in women#8217;s lives is the thesis statement located article, necessary prelude to the evaluation of abortion. Start with the opposition to abortion. The major rule is accepted – “One ought not to kill human beings.” Then two moves occur as minor premises.
First, the issue of regents dbq essay, relevance is settled by an acceptance that the fetus is a human being and has a right to life. Second, very few defeating conditions are allowed. Some (not many) pro-lifers will not even accept self-defense as a justification for abortion, even when the fetus threatens the woman#8217;s own safety or physical well-being. Cover. On these two determinations, it is then a straightforward matter to end with the moral imperative, “Do not abort,” since it resembles a standard “Do not kill” imperative. The pro-choice conclusion follows in logically similar ways. Again, the major rule is accepted. But then two different minor premises are introduced. First, and primarily, the june dbq essay, embryo is not accepted as a human being, or the acceptance includes no right to life. Second, as an alternative, some defeat is accepted. For example, self-defense may be claimed. If the embryo poses a physical threat to creative writing, the woman (causing renal deficiency, for example), then, though the embryo does not intend to harm the woman, a case for aborting is accepted sometimes even by those who accept the fetus as human.
Either premise permits abortions by denying the moral imperative routinely accepted by pro-life. These two patterns of reasoning are skeletal forms. The logic dominating each form, however, is clearly expressed. The pro-life argument extends the no-killing rule from start to 2008 dbq essay, finish. The right to life of the fetus sustains the rule through to the conclusion. The pro-choice argument prevents the no-killing rule from is good yielding a moral imperative. Two tests halt the derivation. 2008 Global Dbq Essay. Either no human being is present or justifiable killing is demonstrated. Each point of view pro-choice, pro-life is usually fleshed out with additional rules and principles.
One helpful way to understand these rules and principles is to imagine oneself in of fallot paper the position of either a pro-life or pro-choice supporter. Then, within the skeletal form of moral reasoning, one searches for those things that will extend and elaborate one#8217;s basic convictions. Start with the pro-life view. One important rule is the doctrine of double-effect. Stated succinctly, it is a rule prescribing that (1) bad effects not be intended either as a means or an end, and (2) the good effects which are intended should outweigh the unintended bad effects. For example, penicillin is 2008 global dbq essay a powerful drug that can adversely affect the fetus.
If, however, a pregnant woman is ill with a serious strep infection, the objective of curing the woman is tetrology term paper important enough to warrant use of the drug. June. The intended good effect combating the strep infection outweighs the unintended side effects of the drug on the fetus. In this example, a good effect outweighs unintended bad effects. Use of the drug is justified with the doctrine of double-effect. From the viewpoint of existentialism the greatest benefit is experience. The mother, who has experience from new academic advisor many years of living, “deserves” more than the dbq essay, inexperienced baby. However, this is not the value of human rights. Of course, experience got by living is something to be treasure, but it cannot be equalized in value with the right to continue living.
The extension of the doctrine of double-effect to abortion is new academic cover letter unimpeded. Abortion is wrong because, on the acceptance of the fetus as a human being, it intends (for all practical purposes, especially in 2008 regents dbq essay the early stages of term) a bad effect the creative therapy, death of a human being. One particularly controversial implication of the double-effect doctrine for abortion is that medical intervention is june dbq essay not justified even to creative writing therapy, save the mother#8217;s life. 2008 Global Regents. Only the natural outcome of pregnancy is term paper acceptable unless the lives of both mother and offspring are in june global jeopardy. (Then a greater good saving one life is thesis in an article preferable to a passive response that allows both individuals to die.) The key to all moral principles used in the pro-life position is the starting point for human life. The pro-life position is firmly committed to the view that life begins at conception. June Regents Dbq Essay. Two arguments support this view.
One rests on a theory of being. All that any individual has genetically is defense present at conception. Therefore, in the sense of genetic endowment, a zygote is human. The second argument rests on a theory of becoming. A human conceptus develops into a human being, not anything else. June Global Dbq Essay. Like acorns becoming oak trees, the process is technology essay natural. (Only an external intervention or a deficiency within the process prevents the teleological end-state from being reached.) Thus any effort to abort such a process is, ipso facto, the termination of the end-state (the fully developed sentient being). June Global. In one sense, these two arguments are different one relies on what is, the and synthesis, other on what will be.
But in another sense they are not. June 2008 Global Regents. The fact that a full genetic endowment is present in the zygote is what makes the potentiality argument valid. The pro-life belief that life begins at conception is supported by the natural continuum of gestation. One famous device used by pro-life supporters is the “slippery slope” argument. The argument is antithesis and synthesis employed against any attempt to mark a stage in june 2008 global regents pregnancy before which pro-choice is valid, after which abortion is regulated or denied. The strategy is this: pick any point in the development of a fetus from conception to birth. Now if this point is to be a divider between permissible and impermissible abortions, I will choose a point a few hours or days earlier.
You must then tell me how your point differs in a morally relevant way from mine. Obviously the “slippery slope” argument is effective because the slope between conception and birth is continuous, without natural demarcations. (Even “trimesters” is an new academic cover letter arbitrary division of time.) The developmental nature of pregnancy provides a rebuttal to june 2008 regents dbq essay, any assignment of human life to some stages of pregnancy while denying the assignment to others. But the “slippery slope” argument is ineffective toward those who maintain that life begins at birth (or later). The pro-choice position, as might be expected, is elaborated with different rules and principles. Pro-choice proponents also interpret some of the same rules and principles differently when they extend across both positions.
The fundamental moral principle for tetrology pro-choice is the global regents dbq essay, right to control one#8217;s own body against social regulation. This right is deeply embedded in Western traditions. Is Good. John Locke stated that “every man [woman] has a property in his [her] own person. . . .” (Trager 105). Authority over one#8217;s body is a right of privacy, in the most intimate sense. Though many laws prohibit suicide, the right to one#8217;s own body is at the center of what is minimally meant by individual liberty. The pro-choice position again and again comes to rest on june global this right. In the case of technology essay, terminating pregnancy in order to save the life of the mother, the death of a child is an accidental and not a planned result of the act to save the mother’s life. Understanding of 2008 global dbq essay, consequences that will result from abortion is not the same as planning those consequences.
However, if doctors have the technology to save this baby outside the womb, it should be done with emergency c-section and incubation. In the work I agree that life of the thesis statement located in an, mother is the only exception for june regents dbq essay abortion. Although an unborn fetus is term not considered a full human being until it is born, abortion has to be allowed only where there is a serious threat to the life or health of the mother. In regard to global regents, fetal therapy or surgery, if the risk to the mother is very small, she is obligated to allow her fetus to be treated for writing prompts a correctable medical or surgical condition. If the risk is substantial, the mother is not obligated to endanger her life to save that of her unborn fetus because her life takes precedence over that of the fetus.
In some examples the child#8217;s right to life is supposed to be inferior to his or her mother#8217;s right to life. In this situation the mother#8217;s life can be saved only by an immediate attack upon the child. The only ethically justified understanding of 2008 dbq essay, this exception says that such circumstance is not an exception at all! It is just an example of a cancerous uterus or the ectopic pregnancy, which allows the surgeon to remove the mother#8217;s damaged reproductive organs with the purpose to save her life. I think that this example should not be used as example of abortion, even though a child#8217;s life is terminated as a result.
Rubin, E. R. (Ed.). The abortion controversy: A documentary history. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994. Speckhard, A. C., Rue, V. M. “Post abortion syndrome: An emerging public health concern.” Journal of Social Issues, 48, 1992: 95-119. Trager, O. (Ed.). Abortion: Choice conflict.
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Marketing and clinical trials: a case study. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is 2008 dbq essay, properly cited. Publicly funded clinical trials require a substantial commitment of time and money. To ensure that sufficient numbers of patients are recruited it is tetrology of fallot, essential that they address important questions in a rigorous manner and are managed well, adopting effective marketing strategies. Using methods of analysis drawn from management studies, this paper presents a structured assessment framework or reference model, derived from june 2008 dbq essay, a case analysis of the new academic advisor letter MRC's CRASH trial, of global regents dbq essay, 12 factors that may affect the success of the marketing and sales activities associated with clinical trials. The case study demonstrates that trials need various categories of people to buy in #x02013; hence, to be successful, trialists must embrace marketing strategies to some extent. The performance of future clinical trials could be enhanced if trialists routinely considered these factors.
Results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) make an important contribution to improving patient care. Some trials recruit a large number of patients and involve the collaboration of many doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers around the world. Because trials (especially large trials) can involve a substantial commitment of time and money, it is essential that they address important questions and of fallot paper, use rigorous scientific methods. More recently, however, it has been recognised that good management and effective marketing are also essential to enable sufficient numbers of june, participating centres and patients to be recruited so that the study has enough statistical power . This paper reports a case study of a novel application of a marketing approach from the world of business to advisor cover letter a single clinical trial in order to develop a reference model for use in global regents other trials. Businesses strive to find customers and encourage them to buy what is on master's offer.
Clinical trials strive to find doctors and 2008 global regents, patients and encourage them to where statement located article sign up. Thus they face similar challenges and may need to june global regents dbq essay adopt similar approaches to achieve their goals. Clinical trials progress through distinctive stages, including study design, obtaining funding, finding participants, collecting and processing data, interpreting the results, and reporting. In some stages of a trial the key requirement is to thesis antithesis and synthesis do good science. However, in others the challenge is quite different #x02013; the key requirement is to install and operate a range of effective management techniques, similar to those required for marketing a product. Indeed, an experienced trialist observed that a trial is one fifth structure (science) and 2008 regents dbq essay, four-fifths process (i.e. management). Marketing #x02013; the process of finding, winning over and retaining customers #x02013; is an important topic in management studies.
Marketing has distinctive frameworks, methods and techniques #x02013; generally drawn from is good essay, sociology and social psychology. Marketing became better understood in the 1960s  and now the discipline is ubiquitous within larger companies and many not-for-profit organisations. A definition of marketing by global regents McDonald and Wilson  describes it as a process for antithesis and synthesis, defining markets, quantifying the needs of the customer groups (segments) within these markets, determining the value propositions to regents dbq essay meet these needs, communicating these value propositions to all those people in the organisation responsible for delivering them and getting their buy-in to their role, playing an appropriate part in delivering these value propositions to the chosen market segments (and) monitoring the value actually delivered (pp11). (A value proposition can be defined as a clear statement of the tangible results a customer gets from tetrology term, using the products or services). The marketing dimension is included only tangentially in the literature on clinical trials . June 2008 Regents Dbq Essay. For example, trials are generally stated to need recruitment strategies, use of media and data tracking systems. However, the notion of a developing and technology is good essay, working to achieve a formal marketing plan that covers all of the areas in the McDonald and Wilson definition is generally absent from descriptions of trial management. This is not to suggest that trial managers consider the topic of marketing their trials to potential recruits lightly. Indeed, it is a dominant concern for many trialists.
For example, the Diabetic Retinopathy Awareness Program study  undertook many initiatives to 2008 global recruit volunteers and thesis, concluded, these experiences substantiate the june regents dbq essay need for a comprehensive coordinated approach, using planned sources, to achieve recruitment success (pp432). Farrell  has argued persuasively that it is lack of solutions to managerial issues that reduce the writing therapy effectiveness of june global regents, trials, and Rowe  suggested that, to get patients into trials more efficiently pharma companies must begin to think like marketers. It can be argued that marketing is especially important in clinical trials. Participation in a trial is a formal voluntary act, in that participants need to abide by a set of rules. Located. Accordingly, not only is it necessary for people to volunteer, they also need to sign-up to behave in accordance with a set procedure . In short, participants in a trial (be they clinicians or patients or their families) need to make a commitment, and undertake additional work, often without direct financial benefit to themselves. From a marketing perspective, conducting a successful trial can be seen as a process with five main stages (Figure #x200B; (Figure1). 1 ). June 2008 Regents Dbq Essay. The five stages follow McDonald and Wilson's definition but elaborate it significantly.
The purposes and content of each stage is amplified in Table #x200B; Table1 1 . Clinical trials require strategy, management, marketing and sales. Undoubtedly they undertake the activities listed in the table #x200B; table1 1 in some way. However, what happens if those who define the strategy of a trial, establish its management processes, devise its marketing plan and attempt to is the thesis in an sell the benefits of participation try to improve their practice by explicitly engaging with the june 2008 global regents discipline of management? The study described below provides some preliminary answers to advisor this question. This study is a component of a three-part project #x02013; STEPS (Strategies for Trials Enrolment and Participation) . The first part included a quantitative analysis of the association between different patterns of recruitment in 2008 global regents trials and factors thought likely to influence this pattern, based on an examination of Medical Research Council (MRC) and Health Technology Assessment (HTA) records . This showed recruitment often fails to meet targets. The second part explored these issues further using qualitative analysis of transcripts from semi-structured interviews with key players in four trials considered by MRC/HTA as exemplars , with a particular focus on the complexity of financial negotiations. Here we report the third part based on an in-depth investigation of a single trial from a business perspective to assess its marketing strategy, in order to develop a reference model to aid future trials. The Corticosteroid Randomisation after Significant Head injury (CRASH) trial  was a large scale RCT of the effect of corticosteroids compared to placebo in improving important health outcomes .
The trial aimed to recruit 20,000 head injured patients from hospitals world-wide. Thesis Defense. As the trial participants were unconscious the marketing strategy needed to june regents dbq essay focus on staff at participating hospitals (and not on the patients). CRASH had a marketing challenge since it needed to engage the is the located article interest and june 2008 regents dbq essay, collaboration of hundreds of people internationally, including members of ethics committees, surgeons, doctors, nurses and administrators. During the recruitment phase, one of us (DLF), a marketing and strategy specialist from the academic business sector, was invited to examine the trial as if it were a business, to comment on thesis located its marketing strategy and to help the june trial team to understand and put in place a marketing plan over a two-year period. He was given access to creative writing all trial documents (apart from confidential investigators' personal details and june 2008 global regents, patient data).
He visited three participating hospitals in thesis located England, observed training sessions and interviewed or facilitated group discussions with doctors, nurses and ancillary staff. He also conducted 11 interviews, and held numerous meetings with members of the trial management team. The methodological approach used techniques drawn from adaptive theory , case analysis  and action research . 2008 Regents. The researcher's interview notes were analysed using a grounded theory framework  and the emerging model was compared with data from studies in master's defense commercial enterprises. The N-Vivo qualitative analysis software program was used to structure data initially but manual analytic methods were used later as often the purpose was to highlight what participating agents were not saying #x02013; rather than what they were saying. A professor of management (independent of the study team) checked the interpretative framework against the raw data. Emerging results were presented to a peer group (the STEPS research team) and to global regents the team members of the CRASH trial. A one-day marketing workshop using an action research approach was held with the trial team to provide insights into technology is good the extent to which concepts and june 2008 global, practices from the business world  might have relevance to management of clinical trials.
Early in 2004 an additional five-hour workshop was held with representatives from three trials (one of which was the CRASH trial) to gain further insight into advisor cover the practical implications of the findings, providing a further opportunity to validate the researcher's theory building process. As the approach reported in this paper was part of a strategy to try to 2008 global dbq essay improve recruitment into the CRASH trial, the STEPS investigators decided that separate ethics committee approval would not be required for this process as the CRASH trial had already received approval from the North London MREC. When commercial companies sell a product they attempt to convince a potential customer that they will gain benefits directly from their purchase. Of Fallot Paper. In the CRASH the trial managers were seeking to gain a commitment to engage from june 2008 dbq essay, clinical professionals who would make no material gain for themselves. Master's Thesis Defense. Accordingly, the CRASH trial was selling an opportunity for clinical professionals to participate in june 2008 global regents dbq essay improving future clinical practice #x02013; an of fallot term activity that can be seen as being akin to 2008 dbq essay a charitable endeavour . Creative. A challenge for the CRASH trial was to promote the idea that if a clinician signed up to the trial then medicine itself would progress and the clinician would be fulfilling a professional obligation. A previously unexplored dimension of the marketing challenge was found to june 2008 global regents dbq essay be the difficulty of gaining an creative therapy evidence-based understanding the reasons why participants (in this case hospitals) signed up and what motivated them to fulfil a commitment that had no sanctions for non-performance. An analysis of feedback from participating hospitals concluded that they opted in for a variety of reasons, including the perceived merits of the study, the stature of the sponsors and advocates, the status provided to participants through participation and the affordability of participation (i.e how much time and effort would be required). A tentative reference model was developed from the research date that facilitated an ongoing assessment of the sales and global, marketing capability of the trial.
The reference model defines the capabilities required for successful marketing and selling of a medical trial that offered a holistic ideal type that the therapy prompts trial could use to define excellence . It has four domains and 12 components and is illustrated as a wheel diagram (Figure #x200B; (Figure2). Global Dbq Essay. 2 ). Tetrology Of Fallot. The twelve components are described below. Brand values define what a brand is and what it is 2008 global dbq essay, not #x02013; i.e. its personality. Tetrology Of Fallot Term. A clinical trial can be seen as a brand. Without explicit brand values it is impossible to communicate a coherent and persuasive perception of a trial's promise #x02013; i.e. what the trial intends to deliver to medicine, doctors, patients etc. Ib) Gaining legitimacy and prestige. Trials need legitimacy #x02013; they need to 2008 be positively tagged by association with prestigious individuals and institutions (so a hospital doctor may say, I know that this is an important trial because Professor X, who I know and respect, is supporting it). Legitimacy and prestige provide persuasive credibility key to gaining access to thesis decision-makers who decide whether a trial should be supported and maintain engagement. It is vital to signal to likely participants that, this trial will create greater value than the costs (time, effort or money) involved.
Buy-in is 2008 regents dbq essay, more likely to occur when participants realise, and defense, identify with, the potential benefits that will be delivered by the success of the trial. Methods for doing this include presentations at conferences, journal publications, advertising, public relations and training materials. IIa) Providing simple, complete processes. Trials require participants to undertake work that is additional to their normal duties. Providing simple, complete processes reduces the costs of participation and increases the 2008 global regents chances that involvement will be affordable. IIb) Devising strategies for overcoming resistance. Potential participants frequently raise objections. Trials should have standard and persuasive answers to these. Having a persuasive answer for each objection increases the probability of making a sale. IIc) Adopting an explicit marketing plan.
The marketing of a trial is where thesis statement in an, too important and global, too complicated to be done informally. A formal marketing plan is required that should include a definition of target market segments (groups that need to questions buy in to the trial) and the trial's unique selling points (USPs). It is to be expected that the marketing plan will need to global regents dbq essay be revised frequently #x02013; probably every quarter. It can be useful to have separate plans for dealing with (1) The Uninformed (Inform and persuade with targeted stories), (2) The Unconvinced (Address concerns point-by-point #x02013; get to yes), (3) The Laggards (Enrol, cajole, facilitate and target), (4) The Steady Performers (Reward, renew, upgrade and recognise) and (5) The Stars (Honour, learn from, and nourish). IIIa) Engaging active sponsors, champions and change agents. Selling a trial to prospective participants requires persuasion. This requires enrolling sponsors (public advocates), champions (activists) and term paper, change agents (facilitators). Trial managers need a network of supporters to spread the regents message. Therapy Prompts. Persuasion is more likely to occur if the june global regents dbq essay advocate is respected and known personally to the prospective participant.
IIIb) Delivering a multi-audience, multi-level message. Trials need to convey sales messages through publicity, presentations, training materials, etc. These should be tuned to the distinctive needs of target groups #x02013; for example, surgeons are likely to be persuaded by different messages than administrators or nursing staff. Speaking in tetrology the language of the person being targeted and addressing their particular pattern of motivation is more likely to succeed than a one size fits all approach. Public buy-in requires that intended participants announce their commitment to join the trial in june 2008 a setting where others hear them. This is important because when someone states, in public, that they are willing to undertake an action, then they are more likely to abide by their commitment than if they take a silent decision #x02013; that can be forgotten easily. IVa) Ensuring positive moments of truth. People evaluate organisations (including trial management teams) on the basis of creative writing therapy, their experiences at moments of truth. For example, if a doctor has a technical question about 2008 global regents, entering a patient into technology is good a trial she will gain a strong impression of the trial management team's competence by the way that the query is handled. If trialists behave well in a moment of truth then loyalty grows; if not, loyalty diminishes. IVb) Providing frequent positive reinforcement.
Positive reinforcement for existing participants should be an june important part of a trial's participant retention strategy. It is more expensive to thesis statement in an recruit new participants than to retain existing participants. IVc) Facilitating incorporation into routines. Activities that become embedded as routines are more likely to be done than one-offs. Trial procedures should be incorporated into the routines of units undertaking the work. We found that the CRASH trial faced challenges in marketing and selling that were mission critical #x02013; i.e. if goals were not achieved then the global dbq essay trial would fail. Farrell, amongst others, has been arguing for master's questions, a greater recognition of the role of management in the conduct of clinical trials . The key strength of the study reported here is that, for the first time in dbq essay academic literature, it offers a reference model that provides a conceptual framework that can support and guide trial managers in assessing their marketing strengths and weaknesses  The reference model described above should be seen as a tentative framework rather than a definitive template. It was developed from a theory-building process from a single trial and is best considered as a set of provocative hypotheses #x02013; later they may be developed as provisional audit tools. It may be that the tetrology term reference model could be used as a diagnostic tool to identify if, and at what points, a trial is failing so that remedial interventions could be undertaken.
An audit of the CRASH trial enabled components that were considered to be weaker than others to june be identified and thesis defense questions, initiatives undertaken to improve in these areas. Further research is needed in other trials to explore whether the model is complete and global regents dbq essay, correct and whether useful audit tools can be developed. Clinical trials are not only research activities- they are also time-bound businesses that have two interdependent sets of processes #x02013; one clinical and of fallot term, the other managerial. In the june 2008 global main, since trials are seen as clinical endeavours, they are dominated by of fallot paper clinical issues and led by people with clinical skills. June 2008 Regents. This is essential for certain policies and practices but this cultural bias can result in the managerial aspects of trials being, relatively, neglected. If this is prompts, true, even if only in dbq essay part, it means that the radical improvement of clinical trials could require different ways of defining the challenges of running successful trials #x02013; in particular, to ensure that they are seen as management challenges that can benefit from the informed use of selected management processes and techniques. These considerations suggest that looking within past trials for the answers to the problem of under-performing trials is necessary but will not be sufficient.
In order to improve trials it will be necessary to look outside the world of clinical practice, into the worlds of therapy prompts, business strategy, management, marketing and sales to gain a fuller understanding of what can be done to upgrade performance of clinical trials. This insight is not new. Donovan, Mills et al  state that the, methodological literature (on trials) is almost exclusively statistical and june 2008 dbq essay, epidemiological, and tetrology of fallot paper, very little of june 2008 global dbq essay, it is concerned with the conduct or the particular demands that trials put on trialists and term paper, participants (pp766). This study could begin to change the ways that trial managers undertake their work. Regents Dbq Essay. Also, it provides a different way to think about the skill sets and competencies needed by those who manage clinical trials. In essence, the is good essay message of this study is simple #x02013; even simplistic. It is that trials are both complex projects and businesses (they need to find customers). The key implication for clinicians is that insufficient attention to management issues and marketing or sales activities will degrade the june 2008 regents dbq essay performance of the trial. There are significant implications for policy makers and funding bodies as well. If the tentative conclusions of this study are correct, then the funders will need to examine more than the scientific case before sponsoring a trial. Thesis Located Article. They will need to see a marketing and sales plan, and be assured that all of the june required elements of the business system will be developed.
Since a successful trial requires both good science and therapy prompts, good management, both need to be given their due weight. But there are differences. Business is global regents, about profit. Medicine is driven by human values. It would be wrong to infer that publicly funded trials need to thesis be more like businesses #x02013; rather, we suggest, that trials may benefit from using business concepts and june global dbq essay, business techniques.
This cross-disciplinary study was based on tetrology term the premise that something new would be gained if a researcher from the world of business and management studied a clinical trial from his disciplinary perspective and worked with trialists to 2008 global regents devise a useful framework. Since innovation is frequently facilitated by is good essay a clash of disciplines, it may be some of the insights needed to improve trial recruitment will come from fields other than medicine. The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests. The idea for STEPS was jointly conceived by the Principal Investigator, MKC, with AMG, VAE, DE, JG, CS, IR, DF, AMM and RCK. DF and IR proposed the case study.
All authors contributed to the study design. DF, IR, DE and HS wrote the first draft of the manuscript, and june 2008 regents, all the authors read and approved the final manuscript. MKC is term paper, guarantor for regents, STEPS, and advisor cover, DF is the guarantor for the case study. We would like to 2008 global thank the National Co-ordinating Centre for Research Methodology for commissioning this research; the MRC and the DH for providing funding; and the CRASH trial team. The Health Services Research Unit is funded by cover the Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Executive Health Department.
The views expressed are not necessarily those of the funders and the funders had no involvement in the study.