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How to answer, "Why did you choose your major?"
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Bank Teller Job Description, Salary, and Skills. Do you want to work as a bank teller? Here’s the information you will need to get hired, including a job description, training and education requirements, salary information and tips for getting a job as a bank teller. Bank Teller Job Description and Salary Information. Bank Tellers are typically the first point of about my major, interaction for customers as they enter the bank. As such, a cordial and friendly interactive style is required to set the right customer service tone with visitors. Tellers verify the identity of customers and process requests for bowie essay, deposits to and withdrawals from patron accounts. They generate certified checks and money orders according to the specifications of essay my major, customers.
Some tellers exchange dollars for other currencies. They answer questions about bank products and services and direct customers to other staff for more complex bank transactions. Bank Tellers must count cash in their drawers as they begin their shift and reconcile remaining cash at the end of their shift to account accurately for deposits and dispersals. Most tellers work in the branches of community and of alkaline commercial banks. Some tellers work for credit unions. The minimum requirement for tellers is essay about, a high school degree. However, tellers with an associate#39;s or bachelor#39;s degree can advance more readily to assistant manager, personal banking, loan officer and bank manager jobs. Coursework in business, finance, accounting, and economics is helpful for prospective bank tellers who take college courses. Most training for tellers is done on of smoking the job by managers and more experienced tellers. Workers interested in becoming bank tellers should develop and showcase customer service and mathematics skills as well as an orientation towards detail and accuracy. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, bank tellers earned an average of $26,419 in 2015.
The top 10% of bank tellers earned at about my major, least $36,870 while the bottom 10% earned less than 20,320. Bowie Application. A good way to my major, find teller jobs is to thesis vertical, visit local banks during times when they aren#39;t busy and ask to my major, speak with the manager. Start with a bank where you or your family has an account. If your interaction is successful, you will be asked to complete an application. Follow through with the application process right away. Bowie State. Often this will involve completing an online application. Reach out to neighbors and friends of the essay, family and ask if they know anyone working at a local bank and if so ask your contact for an introduction. Search Google using the name of the town where you want to work and #34;bank#34; or #34;banks#34; - for example, #34;Huntington, NY banks.#34; Check the bank#39;s website to see if you can apply online for a teller position. Check job listings . You will find advertised teller vacancies in the local newspaper classifieds, which are usually available online, and on job search engine sites like Indeed.com and SimplyHired.com. What to Wear to a Banking Job Interview.
Banks are extremely image conscious so dress the part in danger of smoking essay, professional business attire. A blazer or suit will strike the right tone and show the essay about, employer that you are serious. Greet managers with a firm handshake and a warm smile. Be ready to share your strong interest in Production protease, banking. Detail some of your strengths which meet the job requirements.
Be prepared to reference roles, courses and essay about jobs where you used those assets. For example, you might say - #34;I have always liked math and received good grades in honesty essay in marathi, the subject. I was treasurer for the entertainment club and accurately maintained the financial records of the club.#34; Practice your presentation with a friend or family member. Review these tips for how to ace an interview. Although individual banks vary in their priorities, most look for essay, certain skills in prospective employees. These are the skills you must have (or develop) if you wish to get a job as a bank teller, and they are also the skills you should emphasize in danger of smoking essay, both your application materials and your interview. This list is not exhaustive, but does explore some of the most important skills for tellers. My Major. Bank tellers handle money and therefore must be able to keep track of thesis market application, numbers. Although most transactions are guided and tracked by computers, tellers still need to about my major, know what the figures should be so that they can recognize and respond to a problem if one occurs.
Review this list of state university, accounting skills that will help you get hired. Attention to detail is a big part of a bank teller’s job, from handling money properly to keeping accurate records of my major, transactions to following proper security protocols. A mistake could lead to a security breach or to the appearance of irregularities in thesis vertical, the accounts, and either could lead to a loss of essay, public trust in thesis market application, the bank. Knowledge of about, Financial Software. Honesty In Marathi. Bank tellers must be able to use specialized financial software. Training may be available on the job, but understanding the software to begin with is a definite advantage. Written and Verbal Communication. Bank tellers handle money, but they also handle people. Tellers must communicate clearly with both coworkers and customers, be able to essay my major, explain policies and procedures, and possibly even cope with would-be bank robbers without panicking. Bank tellers are the public face of their employer to honesty essay, the vast majority of about, customers, and they must represent their employers well. Accuracy Answer Client Questions Attention to about value, Detail Balance Allocation Banking Software Bilingual Cash Drawer Maintenance Checking Account Deposit Checking Account Withdrawal Computer Programs Communications Cross Sales of Service Customer Relations Customer Service Dedication Deposits Detail Oriented Directing Customers Establishing Procedures Excel Exercising Discretion Financial Service Recognition.
High Level of Accuracy Judgment Calls Maintenance Maintenance of Petty Cash Major Attention to Detail Making Change Math Microsoft Office Microsoft Word Money Handling Monetary. Positive Atmosphere Processing Banking Transactions Proper Handling of Transactions Proposing Transaction Problems Receiving Banking Transactions Reconciliation Record keeping Savings Account Deposits Savings Account Withdrawals.
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Learning to Read and Write: What Research Reveals. Children learn to use symbols, combining their oral language, pictures, print, and play into a coherent mixed medium and essay my major, creating and communicating meanings in a variety of ways. State University. From their initial experiences and interactions with adults, children begin to read words, processing letter-sound relations and acquiring substantial knowledge of the alphabetic system. About. As they continue to learn, children increasingly consolidate this information into patterns that allow for automaticity and fluency in reading and writing. Consequently reading and writing acquisition is conceptualized better as a developmental continuum than as an of smoking essay all-or-nothing phenomenon. But the ability to read and write does not develop naturally, without careful planning and my major, instruction. Children need regular and active interactions with print. Specific abilities required for reading and writing come from immediate experiences with oral and vertical market application, written language. Experiences in these early years begin to define the assumptions and expectations about becoming literate and essay, give children the university application, motivation to work toward learning to essay, read and write. From these experiences children learn that reading and writing are valuable tools that will help them do many things in life. The beginning years (birth through preschool)
Even in the first few months of life, children begin to experiment with language. Young babies make sounds that imitate the tones and rhythms of adult talk; they read gestures and facial expressions, and they begin to associate sound sequences frequently heard #150; words #150; with their referents (Berk 1996). They delight in listening to familiar jingles and rhymes, play along in games such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake, and manipulate objects such as board books and alphabet blocks in their play. From these remarkable beginnings children learn to use a variety of symbols. In the midst of gaining facility with these symbol systems, children acquire through interactions with others the insight that specific kinds of marks #150; print #150; also can represent meanings. Cold War Essay Introduction. At first children will use the physical and about my major, visual cues surrounding print to determine what something says. But as they develop an vertical market application understanding of the about, alphabetic principle, children begin to value of sports, process letters, translate them into essay about my major, sounds, and connect this information with a known meaning. Although it may seem as though some children acquire these understandings magically or on their own, studies suggest that they are the beneficiaries of considerable, though playful and informal, adult guidance and instruction (Durkin 1966; Anbar 1986). What this means is that no one teaching method or approach is likely to be the most effective for all children (Strickland 1994). Rather, good teachers bring into play a variety of market application teaching strategies that can encompass the great diversity of about my major children in schools.
Excellent instruction builds on what children already know, and can do, and provides knowledge, skills, and dispositions for lifelong learning. Bowie University. Children need to about my major, learn not only the technical skills of of alkaline protease reading and writing but also how to use these tools to better their thinking and reasoning (Neuman 1998). The single most important activity for building these understandings and skills essential for reading success appears to be reading aloud to children (Wells 1985; Bus, Van Ijzendoorn, Pellegrini 1995). Essay. High-quality book reading occurs when children feel emotionally secure (Bus Van Ijzendoorn 1995; Bus et al. 1997) and are active participants in reading (Whitehurst et al. 1994). Asking predictive and analytic questions in small-group settings appears to affect children's vocabulary and comprehension of thesis market application stories (Karweit Wasik 1996). Children may talk about the pictures, retell the story, discuss their favorite actions, and request multiple rereadings. It is the talk that surrounds the storybook reading that gives it power, helping children to bridge what is in the story and essay about my major, their own lives (Dickinson Smith 1994; Snow et al. Honesty Essay In Marathi. 1995). Essay About My Major. Snow (1991) has described these types of conversations as decontextualized language in which teachers may induce higher-level thinking by moving experiences in state application, stories from what the children may see in essay about my major, front of them to what they can imagine.
Children also need opportunity to practice what they've learned about print with their peers and on their own. About Of Sports. Studies suggest that the physical arrangement of the classroom can promote time with books (Morrow Weinstein 1986; Neuman Roskos 1997). A key area is the classroom library #150; a collection of about my major attractive stories and informational books that provides children with immediate access to books. Regular visits to of smoking, the school or public library and library card registration ensure that children's collections remain continually updated and may help children develop the essay, habit of reading as lifelong learning. In comfortable library settings children often will pretend to read, using visual cues to danger essay, remember the words of their favorite stories.
Although studies have shown that these pretend readings are just that (Ehri Sweet 1991), such visual readings may demonstrate substantial knowledge about the global features of reading and its purposes. Storybooks are not the only means of providing children with exposure to written language. Children learn a lot about reading from the labels, signs, and other kinds of print they see around them (McGee, Lomax, Head 1988; Neuman Roskos 1993). Essay My Major. Highly visible print labels on objects, signs, and bulletin boards in classrooms demonstrate the practical uses of written language. In environments rich with print, children incorporate literacy into their dramatic play (Morrow 1990; Vukelich 1994; Neuman Roskos 1997), using these communication tools to enhance the drama and thesis market application, realism of the pretend situation. These everyday, playful experiences by themselves do not make most children readers. Rather they expose children to a variety of print experiences and the processes of reading for about real purposes. For children whose primary language is other than English, studies have shown that a strong basis in a first language promotes school achievement in a second language (Cummins 1979). Children who are learning English as a second language are more likely to become readers and writers of English when they are already familiar with the vocabulary and concepts in their primary language. In this respect, oral and essay about value of sports, written language experiences should be regarded as an additive process, ensuring that children are able to maintain their home language while also learning to speak and read English (Wong Fillmore, 1991).
Including non-English materials and resources to essay my major, the extent possible can help to support children's first language while children acquire oral proficiency in English. A fundamental insight developed in children's early years through instruction is the vertical, alphabetic principle, the understanding that there is a systematic relationship between letters and sounds (Adams 1990). The research of Gibson and Levin (1975) indicates that the shapes of letters are learned by distinguishing one character from another by about its type of spatial features. Bowie Application Essay. Teachers will often involve children in comparing letter shapes, helping them to differentiate a number of my major letters visually. Alphabet books and alphabet puzzles in which children can see and compare letters may be a key to efficient and easy learning. At the bowie application, same time children learn about the sounds of about language through exposure to danger of smoking, linguistic awareness games, nursery rhymes, and rhythmic activities. Some research suggests that the my major, roots of phonemic awareness, a powerful predictor of later reading success, are found in traditional rhyming, skipping, and word games (Bryant et al. 1990). In one study, for cold war essay introduction example (Maclean, Bryant, Bradley 1987), researchers found that three-year-old children's knowledge of nursery rhymes specifically related to their more abstract phonological knowledge later on. Engaging children in essay about, choral readings of rhymes and rhythms allows them to associate the symbols with the danger of smoking, sounds they hear in these words.
Although children's facility in phonemic awareness has been shown to be strongly related to later reading achievement, the essay about, precise role it plays in thesis application, these early years is not fully understood. Phonemic awareness refers to a child's understanding and conscious awareness that speech is essay about my major composed of identifiable units, such as spoken words, syllables, and about, sounds. Training studies have demonstrated that phonemic awareness can be taught to children as young as age five (Bradley Bryant 1983; Lundberg, Frost, Petersen 1988; Cunningham 1990; Bryne Fielding-Barnsley 1991). These studies used tiles (boxes) (Elkonin 1973) and linguistic games to about, engage children in explicitly manipulating speech segments at of alkaline the phoneme level. Yet, whether such training is essay about my major appropriate for younger-age children is highly suspect. Other scholars find that children benefit most from such training only after they have learned some letter names, shapes, and sounds and protease, can apply what they learn to real reading in meaningful contexts (Cunningham 1990; Foorman et al. About. 1991). Even at this later age, however, many children acquire phonemic awareness skills without specific training but as a consequence of learning to read (Wagner Torgesen 1987; Ehri 1994). In the preschool years sensitizing children to sound similarities does not seem to be strongly dependent on formal training but rather from Production of alkaline protease listening to patterned, predictable texts while enjoying the feel of reading and language. Children acquire a working knowledge of the alphabetic system not only through reading but also through writing. A classic study by Read (1971) found that even without formal spelling instruction, preschoolers use their tacit knowledge of about my major phonological relations to essay value of sports, spell words.
Invented spelling (or phonic spelling) refers to beginners' use of the symbols they associate with the sounds they hear in about my major, the words they wish to danger essay, write. About My Major. For example, a child may initially write b or bk for the word bike, to be followed by more conventionalized forms later on. Some educators may wonder whether invented spelling promotes poor spelling habits. To the contrary, studies suggest that temporary invented spelling may contribute to beginning reading (Chomsky 1979; Clarke 1988). One study, for example, found that children benefited from essay about value using invented spelling compared to my major, having the teacher provide correct spellings in writing (Clarke 1988). Although children's invented spellings did not comply with correct spellings, the process encouraged them to think actively about letter-sound relations.
As children engage in writing, they are learning to segment the words they wish to spell into Production of alkaline, constituent sounds. Classrooms that provide children with regular opportunities to express themselves on paper, without feeling too constrained for correct spelling and essay, proper handwriting, also help children understand that writing has real purpose (Graves 1983; Sulzby 1985; Dyson 1988). Teachers can organize situations that both demonstrate the thesis application, writing process and get children actively involved in it. Some teachers serve as scribes and help children write down their ideas, keeping in mind the balance between children doing it themselves and asking for help. In the beginning these products likely emphasize pictures with few attempts at writing letters or words. With encouragement, children begin to label their pictures, tell stories, and attempt to write stories about the pictures they have drawn. Essay About. Such novice writing activity sends the important message that writing is not just handwriting practice #150; children are using their own words to compose a message to communicate with others. Thus the picture that emerges from research in cold, these first years of essay children's reading and writing is one that emphasizes wide exposure to print and to developing concepts about of alkaline it and its forms and functions. Classrooms filled with print, language and literacy play, storybook reading, and writing allow children to experience the joy and power associated with reading and writing while mastering basic concepts about print that research has shown are strong predictors of achievement. Knowledge of the forms and functions of print serves as a foundation from which children become increasingly sensitive to letter shapes, names, sounds, and words.
However, not all children typically come to about, kindergarten with similar levels of state university essay knowledge about printed language. Estimating where each child is developmentally and essay my major, building on that base, a key feature of all good teaching, is particularly important for the kindergarten teacher. Instruction will need to be adapted to account for children's differences. For those children with lots of essay print experiences, instruction will extend their knowledge as they learn more about the formal features of essay letters and their sound correspondences. For other children with fewer prior experiences, initiating them to the alphabetic principle, that a limited set of letters comprises the alphabet and essay of sports, that these letters stand for about the sounds that make up spoken words, will require more focused and direct instruction. In all cases, however, children need to interact with a rich variety of print (Morrow, Strickland, Woo 1998). In this critical year kindergarten teachers need to of smoking, capitalize on every opportunity for enhancing children's vocabulary development. One approach is through listening to stories (Feitelson, Kita, Goldstein 1986; Elley 1989).
Children need to be exposed to vocabulary from a wide variety of genres, including informational texts as well as narratives. The learning of about vocabulary, however, is not necessarily simply a byproduct of about of sports reading stories (Leung Pikulski 1990). Some explanation of vocabulary words prior to listening to my major, a story is related significantly to about value, children's learning of new words (Elley 1989). Essay About My Major. Dickinson and Smith (1994), for honesty in marathi example, found that asking predictive and analytic questions before and after the readings produced positive effects on vocabulary and essay my major, comprehension. Repeated readings appear to further reinforce the language of the text as well as to familiarize children with the way different genres are structured (Eller, Pappas, Brown 1988; Morrow 1988). Understanding the forms of informational and narrative texts seems to distinguish those children who have been well read to from those who have not (Pappas 1991).
In one study, for example, Pappas found that with multiple exposures to a story (three readings), children's retelling became increasingly rich, integrating what they knew about the thesis vertical application, world, the language of the book, and the message of the author. Thus, considering the benefits for vocabulary development and comprehension, the case is strong for interactive storybook reading (Anderson 1995). Increasing the volume of children's playful, stimulating experiences with good books is associated with accelerated growth in reading competence. Activities that help children clarify the concept of about word are also worthy of time and attention in the kindergarten curriculum (Juel 1991). Essay. Language experience charts that let teachers demonstrate how talk can be written down provide a natural medium for children's developing word awareness in meaningful contexts. Transposing children's spoken words into written symbols through dictation provides a concrete demonstration that strings of letters between spaces are words and that not all words are the same length. Studies by Clay (1979) and Bissex (1980) confirm the value of what many teachers have known and done for years: Teacher dictations of children's stories help develop word awareness, spelling, and the conventions of written language.
Many children enter kindergarten with at least some perfunctory knowledge of the alphabet letters. An important goal for about the kindergarten teacher is to reinforce this skill by ensuring that children can recognize and discriminate these letter shapes with increasing ease and fluency (Mason 1980; Snow, Burns, Griffin 1998). Essay. Children's proficiency in letter naming is a well-established predictor of their end-of-year achievement (Bond Dykstra 1967, Riley 1996), probably because it mediates the ability to remember sounds. Generally a good rule according to current learning theory (Adams 1990) is to start with the about my major, more easily visualized uppercase letters, to be followed by identifying lowercase letters. In each case, introducing just a few letters at vertical application a time, rather than many, enhances mastery. At about the time children are readily able to identify letter names, they begin to connect the letters with the sounds they hear.
A fundamental insight in this phase of learning is that a letter and letter sequences map onto phonological forms. About My Major. Phonemic awareness, however, is not merely a solitary insight or an instant ability (Juel 1991). Thesis Vertical Application. It takes time and practice. Children who are phonemically aware can think about and manipulate sounds in words. About My Major. They know when words rhyme or do not; they know when words begin or end with the same sound; and they know that a word like bat is composed of three sounds /b/ /a/ /t/ and that these sounds can be blended into a spoken word. Popular rhyming books, for example, may draw children's attention to rhyming patterns, serving as a basis for extending vocabulary (Ehri Robbins 1992).
Using initial letter cues, children can learn many new words through analogy, taking the familiar word bake as a strategy for figuring out a new word, lake. Further, as teachers engage children in bowie application essay, shared writing, they can pause before writing a word, say it slowly, and stretch out the sounds as they write it. Essay About My Major. Such activities in the context of university application essay real reading and writing help children attend to the features of print and about, the alphabetic nature of English. There is accumulated evidence that instructing children in phonemic awareness activities in thesis market application, kindergarten (and first grade) enhances reading achievement (Stanovich 1986; Lundberg, Frost, Petersen 1988; Bryne Fielding-Barnsley 1991, 1993, 1995). Although a large number of children will acquire phonemic awareness skills as they learn to read, an estimated 20% will not without additional training. A statement by essay about my major the IRA (1998) indicates that the likelihood of these students becoming successful as readers is slim to none#133; This figure [20%], however, can be substantially reduced through more systematic attention to engagement with language early on in the child's home, preschool and kindergarten classes. A study by Hanson and Farrell (1995), for example, examined the long-term benefits of a carefully developed kindergarten curriculum that focused on word study and decoding skills, along with sets of stories so that children would be able to practice these skills in meaningful contexts. High school seniors who early on had received this type of instruction outperformed their counterparts on reading achievement, attitude toward schooling, grades, and attendance.
In kindergarten many children will begin to read some words through recognition or by cold war essay processing letter-sound relations. Studies by essay about Domico (1993) and Richgels (1995) suggest that children's ability to read words is tied to their ability to write words in a somewhat reciprocal relationship. The more opportunities children have to write, the essay about, greater the about, likelihood that they will reproduce spellings of words they have seen and thesis vertical market application, heard. Though not conventional, these spellings likely show greater letter-sound correspondences and partial encoding of some parts of words, like SWM for swim, than do the inventions of essay preschoolers (Clay 1975). To provide more intensive and extensive practice, some teachers try to integrate writing in other areas of the curriculum, like literacy-related play (Neuman Roskos 1992), and thesis market, other project activities (Katz Chard 1989). These types of projects engage children in using reading and writing for multiple purposes while they are learning about topics meaningful to them. Early literacy activities teach children a great deal about writing and essay my major, reading but often in ways that do not look much like traditional elementary school instruction.
Capitalizing on bowie state university application, the active and social nature of children's learning, early instruction must provide rich demonstrations, interactions, and models of literacy in the course of activities that make sense to young children. Essay My Major. Children must also learn about the of smoking essay, relation between oral and written language and the relation between letters, sounds, and words. In classrooms built around a wide variety of print activities, then in talking, reading, writing, playing, and listening to one another, children will want to read and write and feel capable that they can do so. Instruction takes on essay about my major, a more formal nature as children move into the elementary grades. Here it is virtually certain that children will receive at least some instruction from a commercially published product, like a basal or literature anthology series.
Although research has clearly established that no one method is superior for all children (Bond Dykstra 1967; Snow, Burns, Griffin 1998), approaches that favor some type of systematic code instruction along with meaningful connected reading report children's superior progress in reading. Instruction should aim to teach the introduction, important letter-sound relationships, which once learned are practiced through having many opportunities to read. Most likely these research findings are a positive result of the Matthew Effect, the rich-get-richer effects that are embedded in such instruction; that is, children who acquire alphabetic coding skills begin to recognize many words (Stanovich 1986). My Major. As word recognition processes become more automatic, children are likely to introduction, allocate more attention to higher-level processes of comprehension. Since these reading experiences tend to essay about my major, be rewarding for children, they may read more often; thus reading achievement may be a by-product of reading enjoyment. Children not only introduction use their increasing knowledge of about my major letter-sound patterns to read unfamiliar texts. They also use a variety of about of sports strategies.
Studies reveal that early readers are capable of being intentional in their use of metacognitive strategies (Brown, DeLoache 1978; Rowe 1994) Even in these early grades, children make predictions about what they are to read, self-correct, reread, and question if necessary, giving evidence that they are able to adjust their reading when understanding breaks down. Essay My Major. Teacher practices, such as the Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DRTA), effectively model these strategies by helping children set purposes for reading, ask questions, and war essay, summarize ideas through the text (Stauffer 1970). But children also need time for independent practice. These activities may take on numerous forms. My Major. Some research, for danger of smoking essay example, has demonstrated the powerful effects that children's reading to their caregivers has on essay my major, promoting confidence as well as reading proficiency (Hannon 1995). Visiting the library and scheduling independent reading and writing periods in literacy-rich classrooms also provide children with opportunities to select books of their own choosing. They may engage in the social activities of reading with their peers, asking questions, and writing stories (Morrow Weinstein 1986), all of which may nurture interest and appreciation for reading and writing. Supportive relationships between these communication processes lead many teachers to integrate reading and writing in classroom instruction (Tierney Shanahan 1991).
After all, writing challenges children to essay in marathi, actively think about essay my major print. As young authors struggle to express themselves, they come to grips with different written forms, syntactic patterns, and themes. They use writing for multiple purposes: to write descriptions, lists, and essay about of sports, stories to communicate with others. About. It is important for essay in marathi teachers to expose children to a range of text forms, including stories, reports, and informational texts, and to essay, help children select vocabulary and punctuate simple sentences that meet the university essay, demands of audience and purpose. Since handwriting instruction helps children communicate effectively, it should also be part of the writing process (McGee Richgels 1996).
Short lessons demonstrating certain letter formations tied to the publication of essay about my major writing provide an ideal time for instruction. Reading and writing workshops, in which teachers provide small-group and danger of smoking, individual instruction, may help children to develop the essay about my major, skills they need for communicating with others. Although children's initial writing drafts will contain invented spellings, learning about cold war essay introduction spelling will take on increasing importance in essay, these years (Henderson Beers 1980; Richgels 1986). Spelling instruction should be an important component of the reading and writing program since it directly affects reading ability. Danger. Some teachers create their own spelling lists, focusing on words with common patterns, high-frequency words, as well as some personally meaningful words from the children's writing. Research indicates that seeing a word in print, imagining how it is spelled, and copying new words is an effective way of essay acquiring spellings (Barron 1980). Nevertheless, even though the teacher's goal is to foster more conventionalized forms, it is about of sports important to recognize that there is essay more to writing than just spelling and grammatically correct sentences. Rather, writing has been characterized by Applebee (1977) as thinking with a pencil.
It is true that children will need adult help to master the complexities of the writing process. Danger Essay. But they also will need to about my major, learn that the power of writing is expressing one's own ideas in ways that can be understood by others. As children's capabilities develop and become more fluent, instruction will turn from a central focus on helping children learn to read and write to helping them read and write to learn. Increasingly the emphasis for thesis market teachers will be on encouraging children to become independent and productive readers, helping them to extend their reasoning and comprehension abilities in learning about their world. My Major. Teachers will need to provide challenging materials that require children to analyze and think creatively and from different points of view. They also will need to ensure that children have practice in reading and writing (both in and out of school) and many opportunities to analyze topics, generate questions, and organize written responses for different purposes in introduction, meaningful activities.
Throughout these critical years accurate assessment of children's knowledge, skills, and dispositions in reading and writing will help teachers better match instruction with how and what children are learning. However, early reading and writing cannot simply be measured as a set of narrowly-defined skills on about my major, standardized tests. These measures often are not reliable or valid indicators of what children can do in war essay, typical practice, nor are they sensitive to language variation, culture, or the experiences of young children (Shepard Smith 1988; Shepard 1994; Johnston 1997). Rather, a sound assessment should be anchored in real-life writing and reading tasks and continuously chronicle a wide range of children's literacy activities in different situations. Good assessment is about essential to help teachers tailor appropriate instruction to young children and to know when and value, how much intensive instruction on any particular skill or strategy might be needed. By the end of third grade, children will still have much to learn about literacy. Clearly some will be further along the path to independent reading and writing than others.
Yet with high-quality instruction, the majority of children will be able to decode words with a fair degree of facility, use a variety of strategies to adapt to different types of text, and be able to communicate effectively for essay about my major multiple purposes using conventionalized spelling and punctuation. Most of all they will have come to see themselves as capable readers and writers, having mastered the war essay, complex set of attitudes, expectations, behaviors, and skills related to written language. Very useful and infirmative article. About My Major. Thanks! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on state application essay, April 4, 2012 - 7:05am. I am loving on how this works for parents and for kids. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on September 27, 2013 - 3:31pm. I believe that children also need time for independent practice.
Children also learn better when they are doing a one on one learning. I believe that every teacher should know their student strength and weakness when it comes to there education. Children should not only practice at essay about school they should also take the time to study at home as well. Teachers also can get student attention by essay value letting them read out essay about, loud to build there confident. Submitted by Angelica (not verified) on July 31, 2016 - 9:57pm. Find the best apps for building literacy skills. Pinpoint the problem a struggling reader is having and discover ways to help. What parents, teachers and child care providers need to know. Watch or listen to our classroom video, author interviews and more.
Real questions from parents and educators, answered by experts. Reading Rockets is a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better. Our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. Copyright © 2017 WETA Public Broadcasting. Research-based teaching strategies. From print awareness to comprehension. K-3 professional development course. Writing samples from bowie university application real kids pre-K3. More in Teaching Reading: The reasons why some kids struggle with reading.
Pinpoint the problem a struggling reader is having and essay, learn how to help. When your child needs additional teaching, tutoring or special education services. Questions about assessment, comprehension, dyslexia and more. More in Struggling Readers: Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews.
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How to Answer “Why Did You Choose Your Major?” - CareerAddict
2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report. We recently surveyed 350 parents from about my major, across the world to of alkaline protease, gauge their attitudes and essay about preferences when it comes to children’s books, and value of sports the results and comments were very interesting. Enjoy this glimpse into the world of families around the world in our 2017 Children’s Picture Book Report. For those of you who want a quick overview, here are the key takeaways from the 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book report. Below it you will find more detail analysis: Parents are still buying a lot of books for their children from bookstores We are most likely to buy books from authors we’ve read before or who are directly recommended to essay my major, us by a friend Parents have low expectations of digital books.
50% expect a digital book to be simply a digital version of the print book Professional layouts, with easy to vertical market, read text, well-conceived illustrations and about my major smart design are really important to parents. 66% of respondents strongly dislike poorly produced books Kindle rules the audience, with over 50% of the audience using a Kindle or Kindle app Parents work on tight budgets, hoping to spend between $6.99-9.99 on their paperback books. IMPORTANT: Make sure before you go, you check our master list of honesty essay in marathi guides. There is essay about my major, guaranteed to thesis market application, be something in there that will help you on your journey. The 2017 Children’s Picture Book Report. Now let’s delve a bit deeper into all the essay my major, results and honesty in marathi show you the data. We found it really interesting to see where people#8217;s expectations sat about their books and we greatly appreciate all of my major you taking the time to share your thoughts with us in our survey. We had 350 parents, grandparents and children’s book buyers complete the survey, with the majority living in the United States or Canada (60%). It was fantastic to hear from readers around the world with answers coming from countries as diverse as Malawi, Greece, Brazil and war essay Trinidad Tobago. Most of our book buyers were female (87%), but it was good to essay, see the in marathi, male perspective included too (13%).
The age range of my major children in the survey was quite spread out, with 66% having children in what we consider the ideal picture book age range (0-6). Note: Who are we? Old Mate Media a small independent children#8217;s book publisher. We create our own books, and we help parents and indie authors create and honesty essay release world-class children#8217;s picture books. The 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report helps us make sure our books fulfil your needs. Plus, better advise our clients on improving their book. A lot of our readers buy books from bookstores, whether traditional bricks and mortar (24%) or big online outlets like Amazon (18%). Essay My Major? For many families, books come mainly as gifts (20%) or are bought secondhand (20%).
I know we here at Old Mate Media buy a lot of print books secondhand and our children love their excursions to the local charity store, running straight down the back to see what goodies are on offer today. Danger? Libraries are also a key role player in family reading time: We all hate a badly produced book. In asking about your bugbears when it comes to children’s books, the vast majority of you were let down by poor production (66%). Essay About? This could be from the illustrations, font choice, page layout or general design. Some wanted books to be more moralistic and bowie state application others wanted less morals imposed on the stories.
Many felt that some stories were just not written for children. Meanwhile, others identified the long running gender issues in essay my major, children’s books. As one parent commented #8220; most children’s stories revolve around boys. I#8217;d love to see more girls being part of stories and not just as princess#8221;. We’re with you there, featuring strong female characters in many of our current and upcoming books #128522; Kindle dominates the ebook market. Whilst we found in our earlier survey that Apple was king, with 58% of parents owning an Apple device of some form, this survey for the 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report was different. Perhaps it#8217;s because we had a higher proportion of essay US respondents. About? They provided a different perspective, with 57% of you using a kindle or the kindle app. It was interesting to note that 3 in 4 (75%) of you are using some form of digital reading device or app.
The role of digital books in a library is cold, also increasing, with one grandparent commenting: The best authors are the ones we know. As we’ve seen previously, parents buying for essay, their kids love to go with an vertical application, author we know or someone that is personally recommended. Your top three factors that led to you buying a book were: Previously read other books by the same author Recommendation from a friend Review/recommendation in a blog or magazine you follow. This makes it even more important for parents to remember to talk to other parents about their favourite books. If you read a book by an independent author and like it, tell a friend.
You’ll be helping everyone out #128522; Parents price expectations do vary, but bargains are popular. Parents found the my major, $6.99-$9.99 price point for in marathi, paperbacks to hit the spot. It was the about my major, most popular choice for paperbacks, with the thesis vertical market application, rest of the responses weighted fairly evenly between the other choices. The sub $5.00 option was a popular choice, and that makes sense, after all, who doesn’t love a bargain? But given the raw cost of printing something physical, these books can only be one the smaller side of the scale. Quite a few readers also would factor in the chance to essay my major, get a free digital book when shopping as well. Truly digital books are still a rarity in people’s experiences. As creators of truly interactive digital books, I found the expectations of parents to essay about value of sports, be quite interesting in this space.
A massive 50% of my major parents had no expectations of honesty interactivity on their digital books. Astonishing, really. Perhaps the most telling response of the 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report. In some ways, with the corresponding heavy use of kindles this does make sense. It’s quite difficult to produce interactive kindle books be comparison to essay my major, ePubs. But it’s such a missed opportunity for so many people. If you are one of those people that uses the kindle app on state application essay an iPad for your kids books, you are missing out. Especially because books on my major iBooks are designed to honesty in marathi, be much more interactive and have many more features.
If you are one of those 50%, be sure to check out the article, how truly digital books can enhance early learning. The convenience of having great books delivered to your door or device is definitely popular with parents. Over 88% of you liked the idea of a book club subscription, especially in gift form ;-). To help you with this gifting goal, we will do an my major, article in of sports, the future introducing the idea of a book club and how it can be the essay about my major, perfect gift for a family. Sign up to our newsletter to be notified of danger essay its arrival. Your openness and my major honesty touched us deeply. All the authors involved in the 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report are so grateful and appreciative of the feedback provided. You can see a little about all their books in our original post.
We know that life is thesis application, super busy and so we greatly appreciate you taking the time out of your day to share your opinions and reading experiences with us. We especially appreciated all the comments, some of which you’ve seen in the article. Your feedback and stories warm our hearts and drive our ambition to create the best reading experiences for children and parents across the world. We’ll finish up our 2017 Children#8217;s Picture Book Report with this beautiful comment: I hope you’ve enjoyed this insight into essay, reading and book buying habits of parents like you around the world. Do share your thoughts on the stats above with a comment below or via one of in marathi our social channels. Plus of essay about course, if you are thinking of writing your own book, do look through our guide on how to create a children’s book.
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Choosing a Major Essay -- University College Education Essays
examples book report Click on the highlighted text to see the essay about, comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the of smoking essay, scanner and its operation is initially outlined. The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in about my major common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of these scanners is examined in thesis vertical application relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Essay About My Major! It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the quality of scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of technology such as digital cameras.
The purpose of this report is to survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in Production the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of scanners in common use today and essay about examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the deployment of state university application, new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to as a #039;reading machine#039;, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of my major, standards in a matrix using, for the first time, the best match principle to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). Essay! This reading machine was to form the essay about my major, basis for the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines.
An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. War Essay Introduction! The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for my major, domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of state application essay, two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk.
With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to create an essay about my major, entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and war essay introduction domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer.
A scanner recreates an image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner#039;s #039;eyes#039; (Scanner tips 2000). The type of #039;eyes#039; used in today#039;s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). Essay My Major! These electronic eyes measure the amount of of alkaline protease, light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to digital signals that correspond to the brightness of each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the scanner divides the image into about my major, a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of #039;eyes#039;, reads over the grid and assigns a number to bowie, each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. Essay! For example an essay, aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and essay about my major hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in Production of alkaline scanner technology.
As a result of their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to essay about my major, the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor#039;s (CISs). Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by value of sports placing the item to essay about my major, be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at Production protease, high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by essay placing the item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is essay in marathi used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and an automatic document feeder is essay my major available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in university application recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the about, image to danger of smoking, be scanned moves over essay about, the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects.
This type of scanner is used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it. This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and vertical market detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and my major less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to essay value, only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to about my major, text of up to four inches in honesty essay diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for about my major, colour images. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000). The performance of a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software.
Resolution is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in essay about a given image. It is used to describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and essay my major Thomas 1996). Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. University Application Essay! Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of essay about my major, 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in vertical market application the other direction by my major stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in essay in marathi both directions.
Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the essay, scan. The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is protease able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into essay about, a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of essay, scanned images. Bit depth refers to essay about my major, the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an image to digital form.
Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for protease, each pixel within an essay about, image. Cold Introduction! The simplest kinds of scanners only about record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for a scanner to produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality.
Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of honesty essay, 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of essay, 2.4. A range of this measurement is unable to of smoking, provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to professional purposes and can be found in essay high-end scanners. State Essay! An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of essay, hardware, requires software. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and of alkaline image editing software. Optical character recognition software translates the essay my major, information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for better printing and display. Image editing also gives filters to market application, apply special effects to scanned images.
The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and further developed. More sophisticated image editing and optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of essay about my major, specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by bowie application essay the camera in a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of about, sensor technology in the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to essay value, improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of essay, sensors (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. However, the essay, quality of the scan is not as good as its counterparts.
Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Scanners have improved significantly in about my major recent years in terms of weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to vertical, produce further benefits to about my major, these areas as well as to scan quality. The impact of these improvements is expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to a wider range of users and its suitability for a wider range of war essay, purposes. In relation to this, the future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. Essay My Major! This can be expected to bowie state application, continue with other forms of technology in essay my major conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. Introduction! The PC Guide. My Major! [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm].
Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). State University! The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. Essay About My Major! (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What#039;s now . Bowie Application! What#039;s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. Essay About! [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998.
6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Types of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00.
Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 #039;How Scanners Work#039;. Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the report by grouping ideas on about value of sports the same topic or subtopic together.
Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in the body of the report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is essay about used it should be explained and related to the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. The student#039;s understanding of the concept is evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student#039;s own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged.
The student has used information from honesty in marathi only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the report. This paragraph provides a good description of essay about my major, this criteria in simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is current typical resolution in an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the main point in more detail. The ideas in this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided. The student needs to provide references.
The concept of #039;dynamic range#039; has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of honesty in marathi, information used. As in the previous paragraph, the concept has not been sufficiently explained. Essay About! Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to the sources used are also required here. This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an of alkaline protease, appropriate amount of detail.
Significant improvements to the field are identified in a brief discussion of essay about, new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion. This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the honesty, report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to provide more detail on how the current state and future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of relevant information. Essay About My Major! This reference list consists of essay, 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites.
It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. One source is used for a number of sections in the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and ideas to be included. Essay My Major! For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to essay, include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the name of a city or town, the essay about my major, copyright dates of many of the essay about of sports, web sites has not been included, and essay about my major the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of danger of smoking, punctuation in essay this reference list is inconsistent and not always appropriate. Problems?
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WHY I CHOSE MY MAJOR - ESL Station
essay spm 2008 CRN Science Technology Essays - 2008. Four stages of acceptance: 1) this is worthless nonsense; 2) this is an interesting, but perverse, point of view; 3) this is true, but quite unimportant; 4) I always said so. — Geneticist J.B.S. Haldane, on the stages scientific theory goes through. Each issue of the C-R-Newsletter features a brief article explaining various aspects of about my major advanced nanotechnology. They are gathered in bowie state essay, these archives for your review. If you have comments or questions, please email Jessica Margolin, CRN's Director of Research Communities. CRN at Five Years Old.
By Mike Treder, Executive Director. In December 2007, we stated that this month we would offer an assessment of CRN’s first five years and present an overview of our accomplishments, our disappointments, and our plans for the future. A useful way to approach this task might be to go back and consider what we believed and what we said when we started CRN and what we have learned since then. Early in 2003, we published the following foundational statements that summarized CRN's basic positions: A) Effective use of nanotechnology can benefit everyone. Advanced nanotechnology promises the ability to build precise machines and components of molecular size. Using mechanically guided chemistry, rapid prototyping, and essay about my major automated assembly, a nanofactory could combine components into of smoking essay, large and complex products. A personal nanofactory should be able to provide cheap, clean, rapid manufacturing; the resulting abundance has the potential to essay my major, alleviate most shortages, and enable a high standard of living for everyone who has access to it. Rapid, cheap, flexible manufacturing will allow swift development of new inventions, spurring innovation and creating further benefits.
We are dedicated to of alkaline, the principle of making these benefits available as widely as possible through effective administration of molecular manufacturing. B) Unwise use of nanotechnology can be very dangerous. A technology this powerful could easily be misused. The rapid development cycle and massive manufacturing capability may lead to essay about my major, an unstable arms race between competing powers. Protease. Excessive restrictions may lead to an inhumane gap between rich and poor, and may encourage a black market in bootleg, unsafe molecular manufacturing technology. About My Major. Insufficient restrictions may allow small groups and even individuals to essay, produce undesirable products or terrorist tools. The products of my major a nanofactory could have unprecedented power and thesis vertical efficiency. Some restrictions, implemented worldwide, will probably be necessary for sufficient control of the use of molecular manufacturing. C) Nanofactory technology can be used safely. The manufacturing capability of advanced nanotechnology might be encapsulated in a device of essay my major convenient size, with built-in mechanisms for restricting the products it can make. Essay About. A box the size of a microwave oven would provide ample manufacturing capacity for essay my major a household; such a format would be suitable for private ownership, and vertical market is easily large enough to essay, contain all necessary functionality for safe use, including elimination of any chemical emissions, and various security technologies.
The security features would ensure that the honesty in marathi, factory would only make approved products; several approval processes could be instituted for the use of various groups and situations. By using nanofactories with built-in restrictions, necessary control could be imposed while allowing widespread use of molecular manufacturing. D) Preventing nanotechnology is impossible; careful study will be necessary for wise use. Many nations around the world have already established nanotechnology programs, spending hundreds of millions of dollars per about year. Many enabling technologies are developing rapidly.
There is no realistic way to relinquish or prevent all development that could lead to value, robust molecular manufacturing, and there are compelling military and economic reasons for its development—in many different countries. Meanwhile, estimates of the technology's ultimate potential, and the timeline and essay my major cost for development, vary widely. Information is power; only of smoking, through intensive studies can we ensure that the developers and about my major the future administrators of this powerful capability have the tools they need to make the right decisions. A detailed understanding of molecular manufacturing technology is necessary to prepare for its eventual development. E) Effective use of nanotechnology will require intelligent and honesty in marathi prudent policy-making. Like a computer, a nanotechnology manufacturing system could be incredibly flexible—useful for a wide range of tasks.
The administration of essay about a single technology with a multitude of uses, many of them dangerous, poses a unique problem. No single organization can effectively tackle this problem. A single point of control will not be responsive enough to value of sports, choose the my major, correct set of restrictions for every case, when decisions must be made rapidly and too much restriction may be as bad as too little; however, some worldwide control will probably be necessary. An organization with a single focus, such as military or commercial, cannot make good decisions about unrelated purposes; an organization that tries to danger essay, accommodate everyone will probably make unwise compromises. My Major. Predicting the effects of any choice will require a detailed understanding of the potential of the technology. Well-informed policy must be set, and administrative institutions carefully designed and introduction established, before molecular manufacturing is developed.
F) The situation is urgent; nanofactories may be developed within a decade. Development of molecular manufacturing technology will rapidly become easier. Computer chips have parts only 120 atoms wide, and getting smaller; molecules bigger than that have already been constructed. Several technologies allow direct creation of complex structures less than 20 atoms wide, and single-atom lithography is essay about my major being developed. Automated assembly has been used for honesty essay decades; rapid prototyping is quickly developing from industrial to essay about my major, home use. Molecular manufacturing and assembly will be simpler and easier in bowie, many ways than normal manufacturing.
Rapid development programs, some of which may be secret, competitive, and about my major unregulated, will be driven by powerful economic and military incentives. Bowie University Essay. To be prepared for the coming development of molecular manufacturing technology, we must start planning for it immediately. Let’s take those points one at a time and see if they still apply today, in early 2008. Effective use of nanotechnology can benefit everyone. — What’s suggested here is that the benefits of molecular manufacturing might not be distributed equitably unless we make certain choices. We still believe this, and my major although we have offered arguments to support our position and engaged others in essay, discussion, the about, issue is still open and may not be decided for quite some time. It’s really an old, classic debate about how much the state should intervene in markets, but we think the unprecedented potential productivity of advanced nanotechnology makes it more relevant than ever.
We will continue to emphasize this aspect of our message. Unwise use of of alkaline protease nanotechnology can be very dangerous. — Over the years, perhaps not surprisingly, this point has brought more attention to CRN than any other. We have raised concerns about the potential for a new arms race, about environmental implications, about job loss and economic disruption, about ubiquitous intrusive surveillance, and many other dangers. About. We’re gratified that the public at large seems to have caught on essay about, to the seriousness of the risks we’ve raised and placed them in proper perspective versus the essay, still important but less critical worries about things like nanoparticle toxicity. Of course, there is nothing close to honesty in marathi, agreement on CRN’s assertion that “some restrictions, implemented worldwide, will probably be necessary for my major sufficient control of the use of molecular manufacturing.” That’s one of our most controversial positions, but we have not yet seen a reason to change it. Nanofactory technology can be used safely. — We’re proud to have taken the market application, lead in essay, proposing extensive plans for safe use of personal nanofactories.
Our suggested approach of wide distribution combined with built-in technical restrictions almost always garners positive response. Granted, it will be anything but easy to design and implement such a system, but the basic concepts seem to be sound. Preventing nanotechnology is impossible; careful study will be necessary for wise use. — This point was made against a backdrop of some individuals and groups calling for application a moratorium on nanotechnology research and development or even outright relinquishment of the technology. Fortunately, such cries have found little sympathy. CRN’s position that advanced nanotechnology should be developed as fast as it can be done safely and my major responsibly appears to danger of smoking, be the mainstream consensus, and essay with good reason. The potential benefits are far too great to be relinquished, and the best way to head off risks is to carefully study and bowie application essay understand the technology, and then to develop it under sensible guidelines. Effective use of nanotechnology will require intelligent and prudent policy-making. — There are three key points in essay my major, this position: first, that the issues involved are complex and overlapping, meaning that no simple solution will work; second, that a laissez faire approach could be very dicey because the dangers are too great to allow for unregulated dissemination of nanofactory technology; and, third, that policy choices must be made and war essay administrative systems put in place before the technology is complete. The first point seems self-evident and has largely been accepted, although we suspect that the about, enormous implications of this overwhelming complexity are not yet fully appreciated.
The second point is essay in marathi controversial, of course, and this is an area where CRN is essay open to considering that we might be wrong. Good arguments can be made for the effectiveness — indeed, perhaps even the essay value of sports, necessity — of supporting emergent networked solutions instead of top-down imposed solutions. That’s an ongoing discussion. The third point is equally controversial, and arguably unachievable, but because it focuses attention on how molecular manufacturing is potentially so disruptive, we think it is worth bringing up again and again. The situation is urgent; nanofactories may be developed within a decade. — Now, we get to the heart of the essay about, matter. Unless CRN can establish the urgency factor suggested by this final point, then all of the other positions stated above may be considered only of academic interest and not necessary for critical debate, or at least not for of alkaline a long time.
So, where are we today? Since CRN was founded in December 2002, we’ve seen remarkable progress in the development of technologies that may contribute to the eventual achievement of essay about exponential general-purpose molecular manufacturing. We won’t go down the application, whole list, because it is too long (see this Enabling Nanotech Update for some examples), but it now seems obvious to essay about my major, us and to many scientists and essay other observers that the feasibility question is well on its way to being settled. The contention that building productive nanoscale machinery is impossible for this reason or that reason has faded into the background. On the point of whether or not molecular manufacturing is feasible, CRN and our allies apparently have won the argument. A larger question exists, however, about urgency. Feasibility is only one factor; the other is imminence. There is a huge difference between saying that nanofactories will be developed someday and saying that they will be developed soon . About. We have based our appeals to policy makers and to cold introduction, the public on about my major, the idea that immediate action was needed. Originally, we claimed that the technology “might become a reality by 2010, likely will by 2015, and almost certainly will by 2020.” Recently we revised that projection to say “might become a reality by essay value, 2010 to 2015, more plausibly will by 2015 to 2020, and almost certainly will by 2020 to 2025.”
It’s interesting to note that while CRN’s time frame for my major the expected development of molecular manufacturing has shifted back by Production of alkaline, approximately five years, the mainstream scientific community’s position has been moving forward, from a point of ‘never’, to ‘maybe by the end of the essay about, century’, to ‘not until at least 2050’, and now to ‘perhaps around 2030 or so’. These projections might not yet match up exactly with CRN’s, but the gap is steadily shrinking. So, we’re seeing agreement about feasibility, and a convergence around the likely time frame. These are both positive developments, as uncertainty is being removed. And that’s where we stand today. Production. The Center for Responsible Nanotechnology has accomplished a great deal in five years, clarifying and essay about sharpening the discussion, forcing our concerns onto the agenda, and moving the of smoking, mainstream closer to our positions. About. Our challenge now is to Production of alkaline, take a step back and see what we most want to achieve during the essay my major, next five years. Atomic Force Microscopy. By Michael Berger, editor-in-chief of Nanowerk.
By Jamais Cascio, CRN Director of Impacts Analysis. The Perfect Storm. By Jeffrey L. Cold. Treder. The Perfect Storm. The Global Oil Peak. The United States. Why We Probably Won’t Deflect the Perfect Storm Before it Arrives. James Gustave Speth - The Bridge at essay about my major, the Edge of the World: Capitalism, the Environment, and Crossing from Crisis to Sustainability.
James Howard Kunstler - The Long Emergency: Surviving the protease, End of Oil, Climate Change, and Other Converging Catastrophes of the Twenty-First Century. John Ghazvinian - Untapped: The Scramble for Africa’s Oil. William H. Essay My Major. Calvin - Global Fever: How to Treat Climate Change. Jared Diamond - Collapse: How Societies Choose to about of sports, Fail or Succeed. Maude Barlow - Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water. Lester R. Brown - Plan B 3.0: Mobilizing to Save Civilization (Third Edition) Pat Murphy - Plan C: Community Survival Strategies for Peak Oil and Climate Change.
and the enduring classic. The Human Extinction Scenario. By Jamais Cascio, CRN Director of Impacts Analysis. CRN is a non-profit research and advocacy organization, completely dependent on my major, small grants and individual contributions. Copyright © 2002-2008 Center for Responsible Nanotechnology TM CRN is an affiliate of World Care ® , an international, non-profit, 501(c)(3) organization.